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Overview

Introduction to Gloucester, Massachusetts

Gloucester, Massachusetts, in Essex county, is 18 miles NE of Lynn, Massachusetts and 27 miles NE of Boston, Massachusetts. The people of the city are in the Boston metropolitan area.

Gloucester History

Gloucester was founded by the Dorchester Company and was chartered in 1623 by James I. The first settlers landed at Half Moon Beach and settled nearby. However, the settlement was abandoned in 1626 and its residents moved to Naumkeag, present day Salem, Massachusetts. Later on, the area was resettled. It was initially incorporated in 1642. Gloucester was named after the great Cathedral City in Southwest England. Originally, Gloucester included the town of Rockport. However, the village was separated on February 27, 1840. The city of Gloucester was incorporated in 1873.

Gloucester and nearby Attractions

  • Hammond Castle Museum
  • Beauport Sleeper McCann House
  • Gloucester Maritime Heritage
  • Good Harbor Beach
  • Stage Fort Park
  • Sargent House Museum

Things To Do In Gloucester

Gloucester is known as the Fishermen's Memorial Cenotaph. There are a number of museums and historical sites in the city. You will also find several famous beaches as well as parks in Gloucester, which are ideal for hiking, swimming and other water sports. The city also includes a professional theater company that stages at least five plays every season.

Gloucester Transportation

Boston Logan International Airport serves the area.

Gloucester Higher Education

The nearest college is Salem State College.

People

Total Population 29,399
Male Share of the Population 46.7%
Female Share of the Population 53.3%
Senior Citizens 19.9%
Employed Population 16+ 14,497
Age of the Population 48

Families

% of people married 50.7%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 34.4%
Median Earnings25+ $40,160
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,447
Median Earnings With High School Degree $31,979

Wealth

Median Family Income $82,222
% Above Poverty Level 90.7%
% Below Poverty Level 9.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 26 minutes
% Working from Home 6.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 4.8%
% Using Public Transportation 4.7%

Housing

People Living Alone 29.9%
Median Gross Rent $980
Median House Value $364,000

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 9.8%
US/American 0.5%
English 14.7%
Irish 21.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Gloucester Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 18 miles NE of Lynn, Massachusetts (center to center)
Nearest Large City 27 miles NE of Boston, Massachusetts
County Essex
Standard Zip Codes 01930
P.O. Box Zip Codes 01931
Phone Area Codes 978
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.615
Longitude -70.662

Gloucester Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station MARBLEHEAD
Distance 13.1 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 38 to 57 F
Jul Temp 63 to 82 F
Oct Temp 45 to 62 F
Annual Precip 45.5 inches
Station MIDDLETON
Distance 18.1 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 38 F
Apr Temp 37 to 58 F
Jul Temp 62 to 83 F
Oct Temp 42 to 64 F
Annual Precip 45.3 inches
Station READING
Distance 24.9 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 35 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Gloucester, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Magnolia (01930)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Beverly 40,670 $95,632
Essex 1,613 $124,659
Hamilton 8,102 $126,641
Ipswich 4,235 $82,000
Rockport 4,846 $100,890
Wenham 5,092 $150,461

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Gloucester Public Libraries

Library
Gloucester Lyceum & Sawyer Free Lib
2 DALE AVE.
Gloucester, Massachusetts
(978) 281-9763
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

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Gloucester High Schools

GLOUCESTER HIGH
32 L O JOHNSON RD
978-281-9870
Serves 1,308 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.1

Study Online in Gloucester
Historic Gloucester

photo

Episcopal Church (Magnolia) c1906.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Episcopal Church (Magnolia) c1906.

Surfside Hotel between 1905 and 1915

Rafe's Chasm (Magnolia) c1904.

Additional Resources
Info for Gloucester Government Officials


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