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Overview

Introduction to Lancaster, Massachusetts

Lancaster, Massachusetts, in Worcester county, is 14 miles NE of Worcester, Massachusetts (center to center) and 32 miles W of Boston, Massachusetts. As of the 2000 census, 7,380 people lived in Lancaster.

Lancaster History

Lancaster, which was settled in 1643, was originally named Nashaway after the Nashaway Indian tribes. It was founded by John Prescott and incorporated in 1653, as Lancaster on the Nashua. It was named after the City of Lancaster in Lancashire, England, and was home to the Beaman Oak, the largest oak tree in Massachusetts from 1623 - 1677. Towns like Bolton, Clinton, Harvard, Hudson, Berlin, Stow, Marlborough, Boylston, and Leominster were once a part of the Town of Lancaster.

Lancaster and Nearby Attractions

  • Lancaster State Forest
  • Fifth Meeting House
  • Worcester Art Museum
  • Tower Hill Botanic Garden
  • Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge
  • Wachusett Mountain Ski Area

Things To Do In Lancaster

Lancaster is home to Fiske Hill National Park and Lancaster State Forest. There are several rivers and brooks that offer opportunities for boating, fishing, swimming, and other water sports including the North Nashua River, Ponakin Brook, McGovern Brook, and Still River. The Evangelical Congregational Church, Convent of the Cenacle, and First Church of Christ are some of the local churches. Other popular places to visit include Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge, Tower Hill Botanical Garden, and Hudson Historical Society Museum.

Lancaster Transportation

Worcester Regional Airport is nearby.

Lancaster Higher Education

Colleges near Lancaster include Fitchburg State College, Middlesex Community College, and Quinsigamond Community College.

People

Total Population 8,026
Male Share of the Population 54.8%
Female Share of the Population 45.2%
Senior Citizens 12.9%
Employed Population 16+ 3,665
Age of the Population 37

Families

% of people married 48.1%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 34%
Median Earnings25+ $40,428
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $34,167
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,750

Wealth

Median Family Income $98,813
% Above Poverty Level 87.7%
% Below Poverty Level 12.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 28 minutes
% Working from Home 4.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.7%
% Using Public Transportation 2.1%

Housing

People Living Alone 17.8%
Median Gross Rent $970
Median House Value $288,400

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 17.5%
US/American 0.1%
English 12.8%
Irish 21.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2014, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Lancaster Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 14 miles NE of Worcester, Massachusetts (center to center)
Nearest Large City 32 miles W of Boston, Massachusetts
County Worcester
Standard Zip Codes 01523
Phone Area Codes 978
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.455
Longitude -71.673

Lancaster Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station CLINTON
Distance 3.9 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 33 F
Apr Temp 37 to 55 F
Jul Temp 63 to 81 F
Oct Temp 40 to 61 F
Annual Precip 49.1 inches
Station WORCESTER RGNL AP
Distance 16.9 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 31 F
Apr Temp 36 to 54 F
Jul Temp 61 to 79 F
Oct Temp 41 to 58 F
Annual Precip 49 inches
Station FRAMINGHAM
Distance 17.7 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 36 F
Apr Temp 38 to 58 F
Jul Temp 63 to 84 F
Oct Temp 40 to 63 F
Annual Precip 45.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Lancaster, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

North Lancaster (01523)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Berlin 2,917 $100,500
Bolton 5,019 $154,020
Boylston 4,399 $118,281
Clinton 7,488 $75,120
Harvard 6,558 $150,859
Sterling 7,870 $117,517

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2014, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Lancaster Public Libraries

Library
Thayer Memorial Library
717 MAIN ST.
Lancaster, Massachusetts
(978) 368-8928

library logo

More Information for Librarians

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Career and College Resources

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Info for Lancaster Government Officials


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