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Medford, Massachusetts


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Medford, Massachusetts

Introduction to Medford, Massachusetts

Medford, Massachusetts, in Middlesex county, is 4 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts. It's situated along the Mystic River. The city features a collection of distinct neighborhoods. West Medford is regarded as an affluent area. Medford includes a large Italian population and is known for its Italian restaurants and delis as well as excellent bakeries. The city also includes a large number of Irish-Americans. Visitors have opportunities to see numerous historic sites and houses.

Medford History

Subject

The area was formerly owned by Mathew Cradock. The city was established in 1630 as part of Charleston. During the 1840's and the 1850's large portions of the farmland was sold and replaced with commercial buildings and homes. It was incorporated as a city in 1892 and became a prominent location for manufacturing bricks, tile, clipper ships, Medford Crackers and rum.

In the late 19th century at Simpson's Tavern, local resident James Pierpont wrote the well known song "Jingle Bells." He was inspired by a sleigh race. Lydia Maria Child, another local resident wrote a poem which became the popular song "Over the River and Through the Woods." The poem was inspired by her trip to her grandparents house.

Medford Attractions

  • The Peter Tufts House is one of the oldest all-brick buildings in New England.
  • The Slave Wall is located on Grove Street.
  • The Amelia Earhart residence.
  • Grandfather's House is the house mentioned in the well known song "Over the River and through the Woods."
  • Issac Royall House is a museum featuring numerous antiques and is a National Historic Landmark. It includes an historic slave quarters.
  • Salem Street Burying Ground.
  • Grace Episcopal Church features Gothic architecture and is included in the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Chevalier Theatre provides concerts and a variety of shows.
  • Medford City Hall features exhibits of historic items.
  • The Medford Historical Society owns one of the largest collections of original Civil War prints in the world.
  • Old Ship Street Historic District.
  • Old Medford High School.
  • Bigelow Block.
  • Hillside Avenue Historic District.
  • Park Street Railroad Station.

Medford Activities

Wrights Pond provides opportunities for swimming, fishing, picnicking and hiking. The city has numerous parks which offer sports venues. The Middlesex Fells Reservation is used for hiking, bicycle riding and includes a sledding area. Nearby Boston offers a variety of activities and entertainment.

Medford Transportation

The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority provides bus services. Residents have access to the area's rapid transit system.

Medford Higher Education

Medford is home to Tufts University.

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High Points

Medford strengths, compared to Peers (similar size places nationally) or State (other places in Massachusetts):

Category Trophy
Public Transportation Use
(vs. Peers)
Top 2% trophy Medford Public Transportation Use
Walking and Biking to Work
(vs. State)
Top 8% Medford Walking and Biking to Work
Racial Diversity
(vs. State)
Top 10% Medford Racial Diversity
Well-Paid Single Women
(vs. Peers)
Top 15% Medford Well-Paid Single Women
Low Violent Crime
(vs. Peers)
Top 19% Medford Low Violent Crime

Comparative Profile of Medford, Massachusetts

Comparing Medford to similar size places nationwide (Peers) and to other places in Massachusetts (State):

Ratings range from 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest).


The People

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
Female Share of the Population 9 10
Senior Citizens 9 9
Well-Paid Single Women 9 9
Well-Paid Single Men 8 7
Age of the Population 8 4
Racial Diversity 4 10
Male Share of the Population 2 1
Children Under 5 Years Old 1 2

Families

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
Average Household Size 4 3
Portion of People Married 4 2

Wealth

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
College Educated Adults 7 6
Median Family Income 7 5
People Above Poverty 7 4
People in Middle Class or Better 7 4

Commute & Sprawl

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
Public Transportation Use 10 10
Walking and Biking to Work 9 10
Short Commute Times 3 6
Working at Home 3 2

Housing

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
People Living Alone 7 8
Studio & One-Bedroom Rentals 5 8
Seasonal and Vacation Housing 4 2
Affordability of Rents 3 2
Affordability of Property Taxes 3 4
Housing Recently Built 1 1

Crime

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
Low Violent Crime 9 6
Low Property Crime 8 2

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Medford Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 4 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Standard Zip Codes 02155
P.O. Box Zip Codes 02153, 02156
Phone Area Codes 781
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.418
Longitude -71.106

Medford Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:
  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)
Station BOSTON LOGAN INTL AP
Distance 5.8 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 37 F
Apr Temp 41 to 56 F
Jul Temp 66 to 82 F
Oct Temp 46 to 62 F
Annual Precip 42.5 inches
Station READING
Distance 6.9 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 35 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches
Station HINGHAM
Distance 16.1 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 38 to 57 F
Jul Temp 62 to 81 F
Oct Temp 42 to 62 F
Annual Precip 49.8 inches
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Medford Population (2000)

Category Count Percent
Total Population 55,765 100%
Male 26,133 46.9%
Female 29,632 53.1%
Under 18 10,009 17.9%
18+ 45,756 82.1%
65+ 9,666 17.3%
Median Age 37.5
Average Family Size 3.04
White 48,209 86.5%
African-American 3,401 6.1%
Asian 2,157 3.9%
American Indian & Alaskan 63 0.1%
Other 633 1.1%
Mixed Race 1,285 2.3%
Hispanic (included in categories above) 1,443 2.6%

Estimated Medford Population Growth 2000-2005

Category Value
Est. 2005 Population 53,523
Growth -2,242
Growth % -4%

Medford Ancestry

(From 2000 Census, as reported by individuals)

Note: This is national, not racial, ancestry, so, e.g., the Census doesn't have categories for Hispanic and African-American people. CityTownInfo is currently gathering additional ancestry data for this site.
Ancestry Percent
Italian 30.9%
Irish 22%
Other (often includes Hispanic and African American) 10.4%
English 4.7%
US/American 3.6%
Portuguese 2.5%
German 2.3%
Haitian 2.1%
Polish 2.1%
French Canadian 2%
Greek 1.6%
French (except Basque) 1.6%
Scotch-Irish 1.3%
Scottish 1.3%
Russian 1.3%
Brazilian 1%
Canadian 0.8%
Swedish 0.7%
Armenian 0.7%
European 0.6%
Ukrainian 0.5%
Dutch 0.4%
African 0.4%
Lithuanian 0.3%
Norwegian 0.3%
British 0.3%
Jamaican 0.3%
Eastern European 0.2%
West Indian 0.2%
Trinidadian and Tobagonian 0.2%
Danish 0.2%
Lebanese 0.2%
Belgian 0.2%
Arab/Arabic 0.2%
Barbadian 0.2%
Albanian 0.2%
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Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Medford, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Tufts University (02153)
West Medford (02155, 02156)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Pop. Median Family
Income (2000)
Medford 55,765 $62,409
Arlington 42,389 $78,741
Cambridge 101,355 $59,423
Everett 38,037 $49,876
Malden 56,340 $55,557
Somerville 77,478 $51,243
Winchester 20,810 $110,226

Medford Public Libraries

Library
Medford Public Library
111 HIGH ST.
Medford, Massachusetts
(781) 395-7950

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Starbucks in Medford

(As of 2005)
Star Market
2151 Mystic Valley Parkway
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Medford High Schools (2004)


(Sorted by Number of Students)

MEDFORD HIGH
489 WINTHROP STREET
781-393-2301
Serves 1,262 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.3

MEDFORD VOC TECH HIGH
489 WINTHROP STREET
781-393-2260
A Vocational School
Serves 250 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.8

CURTIS-TUFTS
437 MAIN STREET
781-393-2343
Serves 33 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.5

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City, State Similarity   1 Person Houses 65+ College Grads Commute Minutes Family Income Kids 0-4 Non White Pop. Poverty Prop. Crime Seasonal Housing Viol. Crime
      loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose
1. Watertown, Massachusetts 90.7   34.1% 16.7% 47.2% 27 $67,441 4.7% 8.6% 32,986 6.3% 16.8 0.3% 1.4
2. Lyndhurst, New Jersey 89.8   28.7% 17.7% 21.9% 28 $63,758 4.9% 10.1% 19,383 4.6% 17.4 0.2% 1.1
3. Nutley, New Jersey 89.5   27.9% 16.1% 32.9% 28 $73,264 5.5% 12.1% 27,362 4.8% 13.2 0.2% 1.5
4. Shoreline, Washington 89.5   26.6% 14.5% 37.3% 28 $61,450 5.2% 23% 53,025 6.9% 42.2 0.3% 2.9
5. Arlington, Massachusetts 88.7   34.2% 16.8% 52.8% 31 $78,741 6% 9% 42,389 4.1% 11.5 0.3% 1.2
6. Clifton, New Jersey 88   27.9% 17.6% 23.6% 26 $60,688 6% 23.8% 78,672 6.3% 26.7 0.2% 3
7. Little Falls, New Jersey 87.9   33.2% 17.9% 34.7% 27 $70,223 5.1% 7.9% 10,855 4.6% 33.6 0.4% 1.7
8. Elmwood Park, New Jersey 87.5   23.1% 16.5% 20.6% 26 $59,131 5.7% 17.5% 18,925 6.4% 26 0.2% 1.6
9. Woburn, Massachusetts 87.4   28.6% 15.4% 29.5% 24 $66,364 5.8% 9.4% 37,258 6.1% 20.9 0.5% 2.3
10. Rutherford, New Jersey 87.3   28.5% 14.6% 40.3% 32 $78,120 5.2% 18% 18,110 3.7% 18.2 0.2% 0.6
11. East Rutherford, New Jersey 86.7   33.4% 14.3% 25.5% 30 $59,583 5.5% 20.3% 8,716 9.6% 31.6 0.3% 0.9
12. Haddon, New Jersey 86.6   33% 20% 30.6% 24 $65,269 5.5% 4.6% 14,651 4.1% 24.2 0.2% 1.8
13. Torrance, California 86.5   27.5% 14.1% 36.4% 27 $67,098 5.7% 40.8% 137,946 6.4% 26.4 0.3% 2
14. Millbrae, California 86.2   25.1% 20.8% 33.8% 27 $82,061 4.6% 37% 20,718 3.4% 19.7 0.3% 1.7
15. Berea, Ohio 86.1   32.4% 14.3% 29.3% 23 $59,194 5% 8.5% 18,970 5.5% 19.3 0.3% 1.8
16. Wallington, New Jersey 86   29.9% 15.2% 17% 27 $55,291 5.3% 12.4% 11,583 6.3% 17.4 0.1% 1.3
17. Hasbrouck Heights, New Jersey 85.7   26.2% 17% 29.9% 29 $75,032 5.8% 12.1% 11,662 4.2% 13.1 0.2% 0.3
18. Claremont, California 85.6   25.2% 14.6% 52.4% 27 $78,389 4.3% 26.5% 33,998 8% 26.6 0.4% 2.3
19. Bayonne, New Jersey 85.6   32.8% 16.6% 20.9% 33 $52,413 5.8% 21.4% 61,842 10.1% 13.7 0.2% 3
20. Dedham, Massachusetts 85.4   24% 16.6% 33% 28 $72,330 6.1% 5.5% 23,464 4.6% 25.7 0.2% 1.4
21. San Rafael, California 85.2   32.3% 14.4% 43.6% 32 $74,398 5.8% 24.2% 56,063 10.2% 35.2 0.5% 3.5
22. Shaker Heights, Ohio 85.2   30.3% 15.6% 61.7% 24 $85,893 6.2% 40.1% 29,405 6.9% 23.3 0.4% 1
23. Palmyra, New Jersey 85.1   31.9% 13.5% 21.8% 28 $57,192 5.8% 19% 7,091 4.2% 22.7 0.3% 1.6
24. Mill Valley, California 84.8   33.7% 15.4% 71% 34 $119,669 5.5% 8.6% 13,600 4.5% 18.8 0.4% 1
25. Belmont, California 84.6   27.2% 13.2% 51.7% 29 $95,722 6% 24.8% 25,123 4% 22.8 0.2% 0.8
26. West Paterson, New Jersey 84.4   25.6% 15.3% 25.2% 24 $67,292 6.1% 13.5% 10,987 3.4% 21.5 0.2% 2.4
27. Belleville, New Jersey 84.3   27.9% 13.4% 21.7% 29 $55,212 5.9% 30.6% 35,928 8.2% 23.5 0.2% 2.8
28. Littleton, Colorado 83.7   33.6% 14.2% 40.1% 26 $64,671 5.7% 8.2% 40,340 6% 38.4 0.3% 1.9
29. Peabody, Massachusetts 83.7   25.4% 17.4% 23.1% 26 $65,483 5.8% 6.1% 48,129 5.3% 25 0.3% 2.9
30. Downingtown, Pennsylvania 83.7   32.2% 14.1% 21.9% 24 $53,468 6.2% 16.4% 7,589 4.8% 33.3 0.3% 3.2
31. Braintree, Massachusetts 83.4   24.5% 18.1% 31.8% 30 $73,417 6.2% 6% 33,828 3.8% 31 0.4% 1.9
32. Saddle Brook, New Jersey 83.3   24.7% 18% 25.2% 24 $73,205 5.7% 9.3% 13,155 3.3% 36 0.3% 1.3
33. Stratford, New Jersey 82.9   25.7% 15.8% 20% 29 $57,500 6.1% 11.4% 7,271 4.6% 21.5 0.2% 2.5
34. Cedar Grove, New Jersey 82.6   23.3% 22.5% 41.3% 28 $94,475 5.4% 10% 12,300 2% 14.6 0.3% 0.9
35. Holbrook, Massachusetts 82.1   24.7% 16.1% 18.2% 31 $62,532 6% 8.1% 10,785 6.4% 20.8 0.2% 2.2
36. Crown Point, Indiana 80.5   26.9% 17.3% 25% 27 $64,274 5% 4.7% 19,806 3.7% 21.2 0.3% 0.6
37. North Olmsted, Ohio 80   26.4% 15% 27.1% 25 $62,422 5.5% 6% 34,113 4.1% 14.7 0.4% 0.9
38. Parma, Ohio 80   29.2% 19.6% 17.8% 25 $52,436 5.8% 4.3% 85,655 4.9% 20.3 0.2% 1.6
39. Riverview, Michigan 79.7   29% 19.7% 17.6% 24 $61,007 5.3% 5.8% 13,272 4.7% 21.5 0.2% 0.7
40. Benbrook, Texas 79.6   28.4% 14.7% 32.6% 25 $63,529 5.9% 11.7% 20,208 4.4% 27.3 0.1% 1.7
41. Clark, New Jersey 79.3   24.2% 21.7% 28.2% 26 $77,291 5.2% 4.4% 14,597 1.7% 12.5 0.1% 0.3
42. Mount Laurel, New Jersey 79.3   28% 14.7% 42.1% 30 $76,288 6.1% 12.9% 40,221 3.1% 19.5 0.4% 1.1
43. West Boylston, Massachusetts 78   23.5% 14.7% 29.6% 24 $69,100 4.3% 8.4% 7,481 3.2% 18.2 0.2% 0.8
44. Brookhaven, Pennsylvania 78   31.8% 18.4% 21.1% 26 $58,271 5.5% 4.4% 7,985 3.6% 19.7 0.2% 2.8
45. Allen Park, Michigan 76.9   28.2% 20.9% 19.7% 23 $63,350 5.3% 4.4% 29,376 3.2% 25.4 0.2% 2
46. Livonia, Michigan 76.7   22.9% 16.9% 29.7% 24 $72,720 5.6% 4.5% 100,545 3.2% 23 0.2% 1.6
47. Hartselle, Alabama 65.7   24.2% 14% 19.1% 24 $47,685 6% 7.8% 12,019 8.6% 27.2 0.3% 0.4
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Historic Medford

photo

Garrison House (built 1640) ca. 1900

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Garrison House (built 1640) ca. 1900

Craddock House (oldest house in New England, 1634) ca. 1900

Ballou Hall (Tufts College) between 1900 and 1906

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