Introduction to Northampton, Massachusetts

Northampton is situated along the Connecticut River in the Pioneer Valley. Northampton is located in Western Massachusetts in Hampshire County. Northampton is a popular place for tourists. Northampton is well known as a city which features the arts. The Paradise City Arts Festival occurs on a biannual basis and is one of the prominent art fairs in the country.


The area known as Northampton was the home to Indian tribes including the Pocomtuc, Machican and the Nonotuck. Land was bought from the Indians in 1653 and that land is now the location of the majority of Northampton. The city was established in 1654. The Hampshire and Hampden Canal was built in 1835 and made a connection to the ocean for the city of Northampton. However, due to the canal venture not being successful, a railroad was constructed along the route of the canal. In 1883 Northampton was incorporated as a city and became a center for business activities, the arts and education. Immigrants who in the early days of the city made Northampton their home include Irish, French-Canadian, and Polish.


The nearest airport for Northampton is the Westover Metropolitan Airport. For major air service the area is served by the Bradley International Airport located in Windsor Locks, Connecticut.


Northampton is home to numerous attractions including:

  • Hampshire County Courthouse
  • The Connecticut River
  • First Church
  • Smith College
  • Look Park is comprised of over 150 acres
  • Iron Horse Music Hall
  • The Botanic Garden of Smith College showcases a variety of plants and is home to a group of noteworthy plant conservatories
  • The Northtuck Rail Trail
  • The Three County Fair is one of the longest continuously running agricultural fairs in the nation.
  • Calvin Theater
  • The Northampton Independent Film Festival is one of the biggest in New England
  • The Academy of Music

Higher Education

The Northampton area is home to the following colleges:

  • Smith college
  • Amherst College
  • Hampshire College
  • Mount Holyoke College
  • University of Massachusetts Amherst


Total Population 28,602
Male Share of the Population 44.4%
Female Share of the Population 55.6%
Senior Citizens 15.3%
Employed Population 16+ 14,901
Age of the Population 39


% of people married 36.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 57.5%
Median Earnings25+ $42,652
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $17,298
Median Earnings With High School Degree $30,231


Median Family Income $87,035
% Above Poverty Level 82.9%
% Below Poverty Level 17.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 21 minutes
% Working from Home 9.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 16.7%
% Using Public Transportation 2.9%


People Living Alone 36.9%
Median Gross Rent $975
Median House Value $290,800


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 22.8%
US/American 0.1%
English 13.9%
Irish 18.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Northampton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 12 miles N of Chicopee, Massachusetts (center to center)
Nearest Large City 80 miles W of Boston, Massachusetts
County Hampshire
Metro Area Springfield
Standard Zip Codes 01060, 01062
P.O. Box Zip Codes 01061
Company Zip Codes 01063
Phone Area Codes 413
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.325
Longitude -72.641

Northampton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 6.9 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 33 F
Apr Temp 34 to 58 F
Jul Temp 59 to 83 F
Oct Temp 36 to 62 F
Annual Precip 45.5 inches
Station CHESTER 2
Distance 17.6 miles
Jan Temp 7 to 31 F
Apr Temp 33 to 60 F
Jul Temp 57 to 86 F
Oct Temp 34 to 64 F
Annual Precip 61.6 inches
Distance 17.8 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 29 F
Apr Temp 33 to 52 F
Jul Temp 58 to 78 F
Oct Temp 37 to 57 F
Annual Precip 48.7 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Northampton, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Bay State Village (01062)

Florence (01062)

North Hampton (01060, 01061, 01062)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Amherst 39,482 $96,005
Hadley 5,324 $91,429
Hatfield 1,506 $77,589
South Hadley 17,763 $82,891
Williamsburg 2,459 $86,424

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Northampton Public Libraries

Forbes Library
Northampton, Massachusetts
(413) 587-1011
Library Web Site
Lilly Library
Northampton, Massachusetts
(413) 587-1500
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Northampton Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(413) 582-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

Northampton VA Medical Center
421 North Main Street
(413) 584-4040 or (800) 893-1522
Emergency Service:

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Northampton High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 930 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.3

A Vocational School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 444 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 8.9

Northampton Colleges

Click school name for a detailed profile.

Additional Details
Northampton Colleges
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Northampton Graduate Schools
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Career and College Resources

Real-World Career Reports
Career References and Original Articles
College Directories and Lists
Historic Northampton


Main Street and Court House c1907.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Main Street and Court House c1907.

Court House 1904 (est.)

On the path to paradise (the campus, Smith College) c1904.

Additional Resources
Info for Northampton Government Officials

Are you an official in the Northampton government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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