Introduction to Plymouth, Massachusetts

Plymouth, Massachusetts, in Plymouth county, is 34 miles SE of Boston, Massachusetts. Plymouth Rock is well known for being the final landing location of the renowned Mayflower ship and the Pilgrims. "Plimoth" is the old English spelling for the community. It's the oldest town in New England and one of the oldest in the nation. It's situated in the "South Shore."

Plymouth features an active port. Tourism is the primary industry for the historic town. Healthcare, technical/scientific research and telecommunications are important factors for the economy. The Atlantic coast portion features low plains and the western area has a hilly and forested landscape. Plymouth has numerous beaches. The climate is regarded as humid continental. The town has become popular with retirees and people who commute to Boston. Outside of downtown, Plymouth includes numerous distinct villages.

Plymouth History

The Wampanoag Indians, known as the Patuxet, were the original inhabitants. A terrible plague occurred in approximately 1617 which killed approximately 90% of the Indians. The plague was possibly brought to the area by the British and French fishermen. Plymouth was the last landing site for the Pilgrims and their Mayflower ship. It was the first settlement for the Plymouth Colony and served as the capital. The town was established in 1620 by the English known as the "separatists," also called Pilgrims.

At the request of Massasoit, the Wampanoag Tribe Chief, an English speaking Indian named Squanto was a major help in teaching the Pilgrims how to produce important items, grow corn and offered fishing techniques and showed them the primary fishing locations. He was a major factor in their survival. In 1621 the well known first Thanksgiving took place with the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag Indians. During the 19th century fishing, shipping and rope making were flourishing. The Plymouth Cordage Company was the world's largest producer of rope and cordage products. Ship building also became a prominent industry.

Plymouth Historic Sites

  • Plymouth Rock Monument, according to tradition is the site of the last landing of the Pilgrims.
  • Pilgrim Hall Museum is regarded as the oldest continually operating museum in the nation.
  • Plimoth Plantation features a replica of the Plymouth Settlement and a re-creation of the Wampanoag community.
  • The Mayflower II is a full-sized re-creation of the historic Mayflower ship which transported the Pilgrims to Plymouth.
  • Coles Hill features a sarcophagus which includes the bones of Pilgrims that died during the winter of 1620.
  • Hedge House Museum is a Federal style home.
  • The National Monument to the Forefathers is one of the tallest free standing solid granite monuments in the nation.
  • Jenny Grist Mill is a working re-creation of a grist mill used in the early days.
  • The Jabez Howland House features historic furniture and artifacts and is known to be a former residence of Pilgrims.
  • Burial Hill is one of the oldest cemeteries in the nation.
  • 1749 Court House and Museum features notable artifacts from Plymouth's history and is regarded as the oldest Courthouse made from wood in the country.
  • Mayflower Society House is a notable mansion and includes historic furnishings and relics.
  • Pilgrim Hall Museum showcases artifacts of the Pilgrims.
  • 1670 Harlow Old Fort House Museum is a working museum.

Other notable attractions include the Plymouth Philharmonic Orchestra, the Waterfront Festival, Golden Gull Studios, Kusmin Art Gallery, the scenic Plymouth Colony Winery and concerts on the Waterfront.

Plymouth Activities

Myles Standish State Forest is popular for camping, bicycle riding, fishing and hiking and features numerous lakes and ponds. Ellisville Harbor State Park features a notable beach situated inside Cape Cod Bay. Golfing enthusiasts enjoy the local courses including the well known Waverly Oaks Golf Club, the Plymouth Country Club, Pinehills and Squirrel Run. Whitehorse, Plymouth Long, Scusset and Duxbury beaches are enjoyed by residents and visitors. The scenic Ellisville Harbor includes a barrier beach. Wale watching and deep sea fishing are popular with visitors.

Plymouth Higher Education

The town is home to Quincy College and Curry College.


Total Population 7,567
Male Share of the Population 46.1%
Female Share of the Population 53.9%
Senior Citizens 16.9%
Employed Population 16+ 4,252
Age of the Population 43


% of people married 38.5%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 28.2%
Median Earnings25+ $36,293
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $11,351
Median Earnings With High School Degree $27,455


Median Family Income $71,568
% Above Poverty Level 87.5%
% Below Poverty Level 12.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 26 minutes
% Working from Home 1.8%
% Walking and Biking to Work 9.5%
% Using Public Transportation 1.9%


People Living Alone 34.6%
Median Gross Rent $1,173
Median House Value $304,300


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 13.9%
US/American 0.3%
English 17.5%
Irish 30.4%

Plymouth Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 34 miles SE of Boston, Massachusetts
County Plymouth
Standard Zip Codes 02360
P.O. Box Zip Codes 02345, 02361, 02362
Phone Area Codes 508
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.958
Longitude -70.667

Plymouth Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 2.4 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 38 F
Apr Temp 37 to 56 F
Jul Temp 63 to 82 F
Oct Temp 44 to 63 F
Annual Precip 51 inches
Distance 17.6 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 38 F
Apr Temp 37 to 57 F
Jul Temp 62 to 83 F
Oct Temp 42 to 63 F
Annual Precip 49.8 inches
Distance 22.9 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 38 to 57 F
Jul Temp 62 to 81 F
Oct Temp 42 to 62 F
Annual Precip 49.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Plymouth, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Cedarville (02360)

Manomet (02345)

White Horse Beach (02381)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Carver 11,541 $87,569
Duxbury 1,197 $202,656
Halifax 7,629 $89,042
Kingston 6,103 $84,653
Marshfield 4,227 $108,598
Plympton 2,840 $102,708

Plymouth Public Libraries

Plymouth Public Library
Plymouth, Massachusetts
(508) 830-4250

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Plymouth Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(508) 746-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Plymouth High Schools

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Serves 1,092 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.6

Serves 927 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.4

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Serves 626 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.3

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Historic Plymouth


Unveiling tablet commemorating first settelment of Mass. Bay Colony (Stage Fort Park) c1907.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Unveiling tablet commemorating first settelment of Mass. Bay Colony (Stage Fort Park) c1907.

Unveiling tablet commemorating first settlement of Mass. Bay Colony (Stage Fort Park) between 1900 and 1907

Statue to Massasoit between 1921 and 1930

Additional Resources
Info for Plymouth Government Officials

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