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Salem, Massachusetts


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Salem, Massachusetts

Introduction to Salem, Massachusetts

Salem, Massachusetts, in Essex county, is 4 miles NE of Lynn, Massachusetts (center to center) and 13 miles NE of Boston, Massachusetts. It's a residential area and a popular tourist destination. The city is well known for the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Salem has numerous impressive mansions and homes from the colonial era. It has an excellent collection of Federal, Victorian, Post-Medieval, Greek Revival and Georgian architecture.

Salem History

The town was established in 1626 along the mouth of the Naumkeag River by a group of fisherman. The majority of people accused during the well known Salem Witch Trials lived in the close by Salem Village. The witchcraft accusations began with Abigail Williams, Betty Parris and some of their friends. By 1790 Salem was one of the largest cities in the nation. It had a renowned seaport and was very active in the China trade.

Due to the prosperity of the city, a large number of mansions were constructed during the colonial era. Nathaniel Hawthorne worked in the customs house located close to Pickering Wharf; which was the setting for his famous book The Scarlet Letter. The Great Salem Fire of 1914 destroyed over 400 homes.

Salem Attractions

  • The Salem Maritime National Historic Site was the first National Historic Site designated by congress.
  • Corwin House/Witch House is the only structure leftover from the 1692 Salem Witch Trials.
  • House of the Seven Gables is a wooden mansion from the 17th century and is well known due to the Nathaniel Hawthorne story.
  • The Pickman House is one of the oldest houses in Salem.
  • McIntire Historic District is a popular tourist destination.
  • Peabody Essex Museum features art, including an excellent collection of maritime art. It features architecture and culture regarding New England and the world. The Philips Library has the original court documents of the famous Salem Witch Trials.
  • Burying Point is the oldest cemetery in the city.
  • Chestnut Street is regarded as one of the most architecturally attractive streets in the country. It features impressive historic homes.
  • Trolley tours of the city are available.
  • The New England Pirate Museum includes numerous relics.
  • Phillips House is a Federal Style mansion and includes a variety of artifacts.
  • Pickering House showcases a variety of antiques.
  • Pickering Wharf is a recreation of the past and includes numerous shops with items from all over the world.
  • The Friendship is a notable tall ship reconstruction.
  • Pioneer Village is a recreation of an old English community.

The city features other noteworthy attractions including the Nathaniel Bowditch House, Salem Witch Village, Salem Wax Museum, Witch Dungeon Museum, Hamilton Hall, Old Town Hall and the Ropes Mansion Garden.

Salem Common offers concerts and a variety of community activities. Salem Marketplace includes shops, restaurants, art galleries and nighttime entertainment. North Shore Music Theatre is a popular venue.

Salem Activities

The Forest River Park is popular with families and includes beach areas. Cruises are available for touring the historic lighthouses and islands. The Salem Willows Amusement Park offer children's rides and games and provides scenic views of the harbor. Salem Woods, also known as Highland Park is popular with bird watchers and with nature enthusiasts. The city attracts a large crowd during Halloween and provides a vast number of Halloween related events during October.

Salem Higher Education

The city is home to Salem State College which offers undergraduate, graduate, and continuing education programs. The university also licensure programs where you can learn how to become an elementary school teacher.

Salem Transportation

Air Travel is provided at the Logan International Airport, located in Boston. A commuter rail and the Salem High Speed Ferry provide transportation to Boston.

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High Points

Salem strengths, compared to Peers (similar size places nationally) or State (other places in Massachusetts):

Category Trophy
Racial Diversity
(vs. State)
Top 7% Salem Racial Diversity
Walking and Biking to Work
(vs. State)
Top 8% Salem Walking and Biking to Work
Public Transportation Use
(vs. Peers)
Top 11% Salem Public Transportation Use
Well-Paid Single Women
(vs. Peers)
Top 14% Salem Well-Paid Single Women

Comparative Profile of Salem, Massachusetts

Comparing Salem to similar size places nationwide (Peers) and to other places in Massachusetts (State):

Ratings range from 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest).


The People

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
Female Share of the Population 10 10
Well-Paid Single Women 9 9
Well-Paid Single Men 7 6
Senior Citizens 7 7
Age of the Population 7 3
Racial Diversity 5 10
Children Under 5 Years Old 2 4
Male Share of the Population 1 1

Families

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
Portion of People Married 2 1
Average Household Size 1 1

Wealth

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
College Educated Adults 7 5
Median Family Income 6 3
People in Middle Class or Better 6 2
People Above Poverty 5 2

Commute & Sprawl

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
Public Transportation Use 9 9
Walking and Biking to Work 9 10
Working at Home 7 4
Short Commute Times 3 6

Housing

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
People Living Alone 10 10
Studio & One-Bedroom Rentals 9 10
Seasonal and Vacation Housing 7 4
Affordability of Rents 5 4
Affordability of Property Taxes 4 5
Housing Recently Built 1 1

Crime

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
Compared
to State
Low Property Crime 8 2
Low Violent Crime 8 4

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Salem Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 4 miles NE of Lynn, Massachusetts (center to center)
Nearest Large City 13 miles NE of Boston, Massachusetts
County Essex
Standard Zip Codes 01970
P.O. Box Zip Codes 01971
Phone Area Codes 978
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.519
Longitude -70.897

Salem Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:
  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)
Station MARBLEHEAD
Distance 2.1 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 38 to 57 F
Jul Temp 63 to 82 F
Oct Temp 45 to 62 F
Annual Precip 45.5 inches
Station MIDDLETON
Distance 8.3 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 38 F
Apr Temp 37 to 58 F
Jul Temp 62 to 83 F
Oct Temp 42 to 64 F
Annual Precip 45.3 inches
Station READING
Distance 12 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 35 F
Apr Temp 35 to 58 F
Jul Temp 60 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 62 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches
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Salem Population (2000)

Category Count Percent
Total Population 40,407 100%
Male 18,745 46.4%
Female 21,662 53.6%
Under 18 8,157 20.2%
18+ 32,250 79.8%
65+ 5,716 14.1%
Median Age 36.4
Average Family Size 2.95
White 34,497 85.4%
African-American 1,274 3.2%
Asian 807 2%
American Indian & Alaskan 87 0.2%
Other 2,724 6.7%
Mixed Race 999 2.5%
Hispanic (included in categories above) 4,541 11.2%

Estimated Salem Population Growth 2000-2005

Category Value
Est. 2005 Population 41,756
Growth 1,349
Growth % 3.3%

Salem Ancestry

(From 2000 Census, as reported by individuals)

Note: This is national, not racial, ancestry, so, e.g., the Census doesn't have categories for Hispanic and African-American people. CityTownInfo is currently gathering additional ancestry data for this site.
Ancestry Percent
Irish 19%
Other (often includes Hispanic and African American) 17.2%
Italian 11%
French (except Basque) 8.9%
French Canadian 7.9%
English 7.7%
Polish 6.3%
US/American 3.5%
Greek 3.1%
German 2.2%
Portuguese 1.9%
Scottish 1.2%
Scotch-Irish 1.2%
Russian 1.1%
Swedish 0.8%
Canadian 0.6%
Armenian 0.5%
Lithuanian 0.5%
European 0.4%
Eastern European 0.3%
Haitian 0.3%
Welsh 0.3%
Cape Verdean 0.3%
British 0.3%
Lebanese 0.2%
Austrian 0.2%
Finnish 0.2%
Brazilian 0.2%
Hungarian 0.2%
Jamaican 0.2%
Danish 0.2%
Dutch 0.2%
Ukrainian 0.2%
Norwegian 0.2%
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Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Pop. Median Family
Income (2000)
Salem 40,407 $55,635
Beverly 39,862 $66,486
Danvers 25,212 $70,565
Lynn 89,050 $45,295
Marblehead 20,377 $99,892
Peabody 48,129 $65,483
Swampscott 14,412 $82,795

Salem Public Libraries

Library
Salem Public Library
370 ESSEX ST.
Salem, Massachusetts
(978) 744-0860

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Salem Hospitals

NORTH SHORE MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
81 HIGHLAND AVENUE
(978) 741-1215
Emergency Service: Yes

Starbucks in Salem

(As of 2005)
Dodge Street
211 Washington Street
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Salem High Schools (2004)

SALEM HIGH
77 WILLSON STREET
978-740-1123
Serves 1,343 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.8

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City, State Similarity   1 Person Houses 65+ College Grads Commute Minutes Family Income Kids 0-4 Non White Pop. Poverty Prop. Crime Seasonal Housing Viol. Crime
      loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose
1. Burbank, California 91.5   33.5% 12.8% 29% 27 $56,767 5.7% 27.8% 100,316 10.5% 28.4 0.4% 2.6
2. East Rutherford, New Jersey 91   33.4% 14.3% 25.5% 30 $59,583 5.5% 20.3% 8,716 9.6% 31.6 0.3% 0.9
3. Waltham, Massachusetts 90.9   34.3% 13.1% 38.4% 25 $64,595 4.7% 17% 59,226 7% 14.4 0.5% 1.6
4. Burlingame, California 90.7   35.8% 15.2% 47.9% 28 $91,309 5.6% 23.1% 28,158 5.7% 35.6 0.6% 2.3
5. Culver City, California 90.7   34.4% 13.9% 41.2% 27 $61,451 5.5% 40.8% 38,816 8.6% 31.2 0.2% 3.8
6. Quincy, Massachusetts 90.7   37.6% 16.3% 31.8% 33 $59,735 5.1% 20.4% 88,025 7.3% 19.1 0.5% 4.3
7. Hackensack, New Jersey 90   39.8% 12.5% 29.1% 29 $56,953 5.8% 47.4% 42,677 9.3% 27.3 0.6% 3.3
8. Alameda, California 89.6   32.2% 13.3% 42.2% 31 $68,625 5.6% 43.1% 72,259 8.2% 30.9 0.5% 4.7
9. Red Bank, New Jersey 89.5   42.9% 18.3% 31.9% 31 $63,333 5.8% 31.8% 11,844 12% 24 0.5% 3.6
10. Watertown, Massachusetts 89   34.1% 16.7% 47.2% 27 $67,441 4.7% 8.6% 32,986 6.3% 16.8 0.3% 1.4
11. Somerville, Massachusetts 88.9   31% 10.5% 40.6% 30 $51,243 4.5% 23% 77,478 12.5% 23.6 0.3% 3.3
12. Maple Shade, New Jersey 88.9   36% 15.4% 21.4% 25 $53,912 5.6% 16.8% 19,079 5.4% 22.8 0.6% 3.6
13. Weehawken, New Jersey 88.6   35.6% 12.2% 37.5% 35 $52,613 4.8% 27% 13,501 11.4% 28.8 0.3% 1.8
14. Decatur, Georgia 88.5   39.4% 13.3% 56% 27 $65,064 5.8% 34.4% 18,147 11.7% 41.3 0.3% 3.9
15. San Rafael, California 88.4   32.3% 14.4% 43.6% 32 $74,398 5.8% 24.2% 56,063 10.2% 35.2 0.5% 3.5
16. Bayonne, New Jersey 88.2   32.8% 16.6% 20.9% 33 $52,413 5.8% 21.4% 61,842 10.1% 13.7 0.2% 3
17. Newton, New Jersey 88   33.4% 15.6% 19.2% 29 $56,484 6.3% 8% 8,244 11.2% 22.7 0.3% 1.1
18. Highland Park, New Jersey 87.8   31.6% 11.9% 59.5% 30 $71,267 6% 27.9% 13,999 8.4% 14.6 0.4% 0.8
19. White Plains, New York 87.7   33.4% 15.2% 41.1% 29 $71,891 6.2% 35.1% 53,077 9.8% 27.1 0.8% 4
20. South Pasadena, California 87.5   34.9% 11.4% 56.1% 28 $72,039 4.8% 39.7% 24,292 6.1% 23.4 0.4% 2.1
21. La Mesa, California 87.4   34.1% 17% 27.6% 25 $50,398 5.7% 19.4% 54,749 9.4% 40.4 0.3% 3.7
22. Downingtown, Pennsylvania 87.3   32.2% 14.1% 21.9% 24 $53,468 6.2% 16.4% 7,589 4.8% 33.3 0.3% 3.2
23. Suffern, New York 86.7   32.5% 14.9% 37.3% 32 $74,937 5.6% 13.2% 11,006 5.7% 12.4 0.7% 2
24. Littleton, Colorado 86.6   33.6% 14.2% 40.1% 26 $64,671 5.7% 8.2% 40,340 6% 38.4 0.3% 1.9
25. San Mateo, California 86.4   31.6% 15.1% 38.6% 27 $76,223 6.1% 33.8% 92,482 6.1% 36.2 0.6% 4.5
26. Albany, California 86.3   29.1% 11.1% 64% 31 $64,269 6% 38.7% 16,444 7.9% 43.7 0.2% 2.6
27. Beverly Hills, California 86.2   38.1% 17.6% 54.5% 25 $102,611 3.7% 14.9% 33,784 9.1% 33.8 0.9% 4.1
28. El Segundo, California 85.9   34.7% 9.5% 40.8% 23 $74,007 6% 16.4% 16,033 4.6% 42.9 0.8% 2.5
29. Mill Valley, California 85.8   33.7% 15.4% 71% 34 $119,669 5.5% 8.6% 13,600 4.5% 18.8 0.4% 1
30. Little Falls, New Jersey 85.8   33.2% 17.9% 34.7% 27 $70,223 5.1% 7.9% 10,855 4.6% 33.6 0.4% 1.7
31. Sebastopol, California 85.7   29.9% 16.5% 35.5% 26 $55,792 4.4% 10.1% 7,774 6.9% 30.7 0.4% 3.9
32. Secaucus, New Jersey 85.7   31.4% 16.1% 29.1% 29 $72,568 5.2% 21.5% 15,931 7.6% 44 0.6% 1.1
33. Ridgefield Park, New Jersey 85.4   29.5% 12.9% 26.1% 29 $62,414 5.9% 21.8% 12,873 6.7% 12 0.2% 0.9
34. Fairfax, California 84.9   31.1% 9.5% 48.8% 39 $68,308 5.2% 8.6% 7,319 6.5% 16.4 0.8% 1.9
35. Menlo Park, California 84.8   31.7% 15.9% 61.7% 25 $105,550 6.6% 27.6% 30,785 6.9% 25.3 0.8% 2.5
36. Campbell, California 84.5   30.3% 9.7% 39.7% 27 $78,663 6.5% 27.2% 38,138 4.8% 32.9 0.6% 1.7
37. Lodi, New Jersey 84.5   30.1% 14.9% 18.7% 26 $51,959 6.4% 21.8% 23,971 8% 19.4 0.2% 1.8
38. Edmonds, Washington 84.1   29% 16.6% 36.4% 30 $66,126 5% 12.3% 39,515 4.6% 32.2 0.5% 1.2
39. Hackettstown, New Jersey 83.6   31.9% 12.2% 24.5% 34 $64,383 6.3% 9.7% 10,403 4.8% 13.7 0.3% 1.4
40. Weymouth, Massachusetts 83.5   30.7% 15.4% 26.1% 33 $64,083 6.4% 5.1% 53,988 5.8% 15.8 0.5% 2.5
41. Shaker Heights, Ohio 83   30.3% 15.6% 61.7% 24 $85,893 6.2% 40.1% 29,405 6.9% 23.3 0.4% 1
42. Auburn, California 82.5   31.1% 18.1% 27.7% 24 $62,250 5.3% 6.6% 12,462 6.7% 32.7 0.4% 3.9
43. Guttenberg, New Jersey 81.9   34.6% 11.8% 29.8% 39 $47,440 6.4% 35% 10,807 13% 17 0.5% 3.9
44. Temple Terrace, Florida 80.9   29.4% 11.9% 43.5% 24 $56,809 5.5% 19.5% 20,918 7.2% 38.6 0.5% 3.5
45. Placerville, California 78.3   33.2% 17.4% 19.6% 24 $46,875 6.5% 11.4% 9,610 12.1% 45.6 0.9% 4.6
46. Walled Lake, Michigan 75.5   42.1% 12% 25.6% 27 $55,613 6.3% 4.7% 6,713 5% 24.6 0.6% 2.4
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Historic Salem

photo

Doorway of old Custom House c1906

Select a photo to view (Source):

Doorway of old Custom House c1906

Old Witch House c1906.

Assembly House between 1910 and 1920

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