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Overview

Introduction to Jackson, Mississippi

Jackson is Mississippi's largest city and also its capital city. Situated on the Pearl River, the city is located roughly halfway between the cities of Dallas, Texas (about 400 miles to the west) and Atlanta, Georgia (to the east). Jackson is surrounded by several major thoroughfares, including Interstates I-20, I-55, and I-220; U.S. Routes 49, 51, and 80; and Mississippi State Highways 18 and 25.

Founded in 1821, the community originally known as "LeFleur's Bluff" was selected as the ideal site for a town that could become the Mississippi state capital. An 1821 legislative act authorized the location to be the permanent seat of government for the state and deemed that it be named Jackson, in honor of Major General Andrew Jackson who would later become the seventh president of the United States. The following year, Jackson became incorporated as a city. During the Civil War, the city became the target of Union troops, who ravaged and burned it several times under the command of General William T. Sherman. Post-war recovery was slow, but by the turn of the 20th century, Jackson began to experience a sharp rise in its population and it soon became one of the Sunbelt's most dynamic growth regions. Industrial development was spurred in the 1930s by the nearby discovery of natural gas. During the 1960s and early 1970s, the city was the scene of racial unrest, epitomized by the 1963 slaying of civil rights activist and NAACP leader Medgar Evers by a white supremacist. Subsequent decades have seen improvement in the state of race relations; in 2004, Jackson City Council members voted unanimously to rename Jackson International Airport in honor of Medgar Evers.

Points of Interest in Jackson

Residents of Jackson are proud of their music, their cuisine, and also their numerous cultural and recreational sites. The Smith Robertson Museum and Cultural Center, located almost adjacent to the State Capitol building, celebrates the African American experience in the Deep South through art, photography, and artifacts. The museum is housed in the former Smith Robertson School, which opened in 1894 and was the first public school built for African Americans in Jackson. Another highlight of downtown Jackson is the Russell C. Davis Planetarium, which features breathtaking space scenes, colorful laser images, and exciting large-format films. One of Jackson's premiere landmarks is the Jackson Zoo, which has been in existence since 1919. Servicing hundreds of thousands of visitors annually, the zoo features over one hundred different species of animal, several of which are considered endangered. Among Jackson's other significant attractions are the following:

  • Mississippi State Capitol
  • Mississippi Museum of Art
  • Medgar Evers Home Museum
  • Mississippi Symphony Orchestra
  • Thalia Mara Hall
  • New Stage Theatre
  • Manship House Museum
  • Mississippi Museum of Natural Science
  • Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame and Museum
  • Eudora Welty House Museum
  • Mississippi Agriculture and Forestry Museum

Jackson is home to a professional baseball team. The Mississippi Braves are a minor league team which plays in the Class-AA Southern League. The Braves, whose home field is actually located in Pearl, Mississippi, a Jackson suburb, is affiliated with Major League Baseball's Atlanta Braves. Soccer fans in Jackson can root for Mississippi Brilla, a member of the United Soccer League's Premier Development League (PDL). Jackson is also home to the Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame and Museum, recently acclaimed by ESPN as one of the nation's best museums for American Baseball History.

People

Total Population 173,212
Male Share of the Population 46.3%
Female Share of the Population 53.7%
Senior Citizens 10.7%
Employed Population 16+ 69,941
Age of the Population 32

Families

% of people married 28.5%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 26.4%
Median Earnings25+ $26,126
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,733
Median Earnings With High School Degree $20,776

Wealth

Median Family Income $39,196
% Above Poverty Level 69.1%
% Below Poverty Level 30.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 20 minutes
% Working from Home 2.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.6%
% Using Public Transportation 0.9%

Housing

People Living Alone 33%
Median Gross Rent $751
Median House Value $89,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 77.3%
US/American 0%
English 3.1%
Irish 2.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Jackson Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 162 miles N of New Orleans, Louisiana
County Hinds
Metro Area Jackson
Standard Zip Codes 39201, 39202, 39203, 39204, 39206, 39208, 39209, 39210, 39211, 39212, 39213, 39216, 39218, 39232, 39272
P.O. Box Zip Codes 39205, 39207, 39215, 39217, 39225, 39236, 39269, 39282, 39283, 39284, 39286, 39288, 39289, 39296, 39298
Company Zip Codes 39235, 39250, 39271
Phone Area Codes 601
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 32.298
Longitude -90.184

Jackson Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station JACKSON THOMPSON AP
Distance 6.1 miles
Jan Temp 35 to 55 F
Apr Temp 52 to 75 F
Jul Temp 71 to 91 F
Oct Temp 52 to 77 F
Annual Precip 55.9 inches
Station PELAHATCHIE
Distance 23.5 miles
Jan Temp 35 to 58 F
Apr Temp 51 to 76 F
Jul Temp 70 to 91 F
Oct Temp 51 to 78 F
Annual Precip 60.6 inches
Station CRYSTAL SPRINGS EXP STN
Distance 25.3 miles
Jan Temp 36 to 57 F
Apr Temp 53 to 76 F
Jul Temp 71 to 92 F
Oct Temp 54 to 79 F
Annual Precip 60.3 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Jackson, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Metrocenter (39209)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Clinton 25,475 $73,731
Florence 4,279 $71,477
Flowood 8,385 $65,576
Pearl 26,222 $47,075
Richland 7,055 $57,009
Ridgeland 24,276 $70,540

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Jackson Public Libraries

Library
Jackson/hinds Library System
300 NORTH STATE STREET
Jackson, Mississippi
(601) 968-5811
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Jackson Hospitals

MISSISSIPPI BAPTIST MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1225 N STATE ST
(601) 968-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

CENTRAL MISSISSIPPI MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
1850 CHADWICK DR
(601) 376-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

RIVER OAKS HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
1030 RIVER OAKS BLVD
(601) 936-2390
Emergency Service: Yes

MISSISSIPPI METHODIST REHAB CTR
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1350 E WOODROW WILSON DR
(601) 981-2611
Emergency Service: No

UNIVERSITY OF MISSISSIPPI MED CENTER
(Government - State)
2500 N STATE ST
(601) 984-4100
Emergency Service: Yes

ST DOMINIC-JACKSON MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
969 LAKELAND DR
(601) 200-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

REGENCY HOSPITAL OF JACKSON, LLC
(Proprietary)
969 LAKELAND DRIVE, 6TH FLOOR
(601) 364-6200
Emergency Service: No

WOMAN'S HOSPITAL AT RIVER OAKS
(Proprietary)
1026 NORTH FLOWOOD DRIVE
(601) 936-1000
Emergency Service: No

G.V. (Sonny) Montgomery VA Medical Center
(VA)
1500 E. Woodrow Wilson Drive
(601) 362-4471 or (800) 949-1009 (in-state)
Emergency Service:

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Jackson High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

MURRAH HIGH SCHOOL
1400 MURRAH DRIVE
601-960-5380
A Title I School.
Serves 1,189 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.7

HILL HIGH SCHOOL
2185 FORTUNE STREET
601-960-5354
A Title I School.
Serves 1,123 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16

FOREST HILL HIGH SCHOOL
2607 RAYMOND ROAD
601-371-4313
A Title I School.
Serves 1,084 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19

PROVINE HIGH SCHOOL
2400 ROBINSON ROAD
601-960-5393
A Title I School.
Serves 1,047 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

WINGFIELD HIGH SCHOOL
1985 SCANLON DRIVE
601-371-4350
A Title I School.
Serves 996 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.5

LANIER HIGH SCHOOL
833 W MAPLE STREET
601-960-5369
A Title I School.
Serves 989 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.8

CALLAWAY HIGH SCHOOL
601 BEASLEY ROAD
601-987-3535
A Title I School.
Serves 981 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.5

BAILEY MAGNET SCHOOL
1900 N STATE STREET
601-960-5343
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 564 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.4

MS SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF
1253 EASTOVER DRIVE
601-984-8000
Serves 145 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.2

MS SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND
1252 EASTOVER DRIVE
601-984-8200
Serves 81 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 2.8

CAREER DEVELOPMENT CENTER
2703 FIRST AVENUE
601-960-5322
A Vocational School

CAREER ACADEMIC PLACEMENT PROGRAM
622 DULING AVENUE
601-987-3695
A Non-traditional School

CAPITAL CITY ALTERNATIVE SCHOOL
2221 BOLING STREET
601-987-3608
A Non-traditional School

YOUTH COURT SCHOOL
400 E SILAS BROWN
601-960-1700
A Non-traditional School

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