Introduction to Joplin, Missouri

Joplin is located in the southwestern portion of Missouri in Jasper County, near the edge of the Ozark Mountain area. The city is the commercial, medical, transportation and educational center for the region. The town was named after Reverend Harris Joplin who established the region's first Methodist congregation. The municipality is part of the Four State area which includes Missouri, Oklahoma, Kansas and Arkansas.


Before the Civil War, lead ore had been discovered in the Joplin Creek Valley but extracting the lead did not significantly occur until the war had ended. By 1871 numerous small mining camps had been established. The city was founded in 1873. The primary factors for the economy were zinc and lead. The area has experienced extensive deep mining and surface mining.

With the arrival of the railroad and a trolley system, the mining town experienced substantial growth and became the center of Southwest Missouri. A large number of bars and hotels as well as upscale homes were constructed. The famous criminals Bonnie and Clyde stayed in Joplin for a few weeks and robbed some of the local businesses. After the end of World War II the vast majority of the mines were shutdown.


Some of the notable sites are the House of Lords, Union Depot, Liberty Building, the Frisco Depot, the Keystone Hotel, Fox Theatre and the Crystal Cave. Other prominent attractions are:

  • Thomas Hart Benton Mural located in the city hall is a notable work of art which showcases the early days of the city and its history of mining.
  • The Scottish Rite.
  • Everett J. Ritchie Tri-State Mineral Museum includes one of the world's best and unique exhibits of lead and zinc ore and is situated in a reproduced mine shaft.
  • Dorothea B. Hoover Historical Museum.
  • John Q. Hammons Convention and Trade Center is a prominent location for conventions and large events.
  • The Chert glades located in Wildcat Glades Park.
  • Grand Falls situated on Shoal Creek is one of the most scenic locations in the state.
  • Spiva Center for the Arts.
  • Sergeant Avenue and Moffet Avenue feature numerous noteworthy historic homes.
  • Connie's Flea Market.
  • The Little Theatre.


Eight notable lakes and a large number of clear-water streams provide opportunities for recreational activities. The Bridge recreation and entertainment Center is a popular location for kids. The facility features a wide variety of activities. The George Washington Carver Monument includes a museum and a trail which passes through native prairie, wooded areas and runs by streams and ponds. The reptile zoo includes a vast collection of exotic animals including alligators, pythons, iguanas, cobras and crocodiles. The Airfest Joplin and Boomtown Days are noteworthy events.

Higher Education

The city is home to Missouri Southern State University, Ozark Christian College, Vatterott College, Messenger College as well as Franklin Technology Center.


Total Population 51,042
Male Share of the Population 49.1%
Female Share of the Population 50.9%
Senior Citizens 15.5%
Employed Population 16+ 24,439
Age of the Population 36


% of people married 44.5%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 24%
Median Earnings25+ $30,531
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,842
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,329


Median Family Income $50,471
% Above Poverty Level 81.9%
% Below Poverty Level 18.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 16 minutes
% Working from Home 2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.5%
% Using Public Transportation 0.3%


People Living Alone 32.7%
Median Gross Rent $699
Median House Value $108,700


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 27.2%
US/American 0%
English 8.6%
Irish 11.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Joplin Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 67 miles W of Springfield, Missouri (center to center)
Nearest Large City 104 miles NE of Tulsa, Oklahoma
County Jasper
Metro Area Joplin
Standard Zip Codes 64801, 64804
P.O. Box Zip Codes 64802, 64803
Phone Area Codes 417
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 37.084
Longitude -94.513

Joplin Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 4.6 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 42 F
Apr Temp 46 to 69 F
Jul Temp 69 to 90 F
Oct Temp 48 to 71 F
Annual Precip 46 inches
Distance 19.4 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 41 F
Apr Temp 44 to 67 F
Jul Temp 69 to 90 F
Oct Temp 47 to 70 F
Annual Precip 44.4 inches
Station MIAMI
Distance 24.7 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 45 F
Apr Temp 45 to 71 F
Jul Temp 68 to 91 F
Oct Temp 46 to 72 F
Annual Precip 43.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Joplin, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Belle Center (64801)

Central City (64801)

Grand Falls (64801)

Iron Gates (64801)

Prosperity (64801)

Stones Corner (64801)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Carterville 1,795 $36,830
Duenweg 1,218 $42,321
Duquesne 1,747 $48,587

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Joplin Public Libraries

Joplin Public Library
Joplin, Missouri
(417) 623-7953
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Joplin Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(417) 347-1111
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
(417) 781-2727
Emergency Service: Yes

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Joplin High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,971 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.7

Serves 19 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.1

1823 W 20TH ST
A Non-traditional School
Serves 9 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.5

2020 IOWA
A Vocational School

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