Introduction to Manchester, New Hampshire

Manchester is New Hampshire's largest city and also one of the largest in New England. Located in south-central New Hampshire along the banks of the Merrimack River, Manchester lies in Hillsborough County, about 58 miles north of Boston. The city is served by Manchester-Boston Regional Airport, and is surrounded by several major thoroughfares. These include Interstates I-93 and I-293: U.S. Route 3; and New Hampshire State Highways 28, 101, and 114. Manchester is often referred to as the "Queen City" because it is the New Hampshire's largest city yet not its state capital.

First settled in 1722, Manchester began as a farming community known as Derryfield until being renamed Manchester in 1810. Its new name was based on Samuel Blodgett's efforts to facilitate a trade route from Boston to Concord by opening a canal and lock system to allow vessels passage around the Amoskeag Falls. Blodgett's vision was to create a great industrial center similar to Manchester England, the first industrialized city in the world. The most significant step in the industrial development of Manchester New Hampshire occurred in 1838 with the opening of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, which later became the world's largest textile manufacturing complex and spawned a huge textile industry in the city. A century of unparalleled productivity ensued, with Manchester serving as a prime focal point of America's industrial and technological revolution. But twentieth-century depression-era woes took their toll on the industry and when the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company finally closed down in 1936, Manchester’s economy was badly affected. For several years the city suffered a loss of jobs and population, but eventually rebounded and by the late twentieth century became one of the nation’s fastest-growing cities. Existing mills were renovated and used for a wide variety of large and small businesses.

Attractions in Manchester

Manchester is home to a majority of New Hampshire’s major cultural institutions and landmarks. The Currier Museum of Art is an internationally renowned art museum and one of the nation's finest small galleries. The Palace Theatre is home to the New Hampshire Symphony Orchestra and the Opera League of New Hampshire. The Millyard Museum chronicles the long history in the city beginning with the Native Americans who first settled it. The Zimmerman House, open to the public, is the only residence in New England designed by legendary American architect Frank Lloyd Wright. The New Hampshire Institute of Art features six galleries of changing exhibits. A prime site for outdoor recreation is the McIntyre Ski Area, which offers 53 acres of skiing, snow tubing, and lights for night skiing. Other places of interest in the city include the Majestic Theatre, the SEE Science Center, the Massabesic Audubon Center, the Amoskeag Fishways Learning and Visitors Center; and the centerpiece of downtown Manchester, the Verizon Wireless Arena, a multi-purpose civic center which hosts a variety of events, including sports, concerts, and fairs.

Manchester is home to a number of professional sports teams. The New Hampshire Fisher Cats are a minor league baseball team playing in the Class Double-A Eastern League. The Fisher Cats are the Double-A affiliate of the Toronto Blue Jays. Hockey fans can root for the Manchester Monarchs, an American Hockey League (AHL) team affiliated with the Los Angeles Kings. The Monarchs play their home games at the Verizon Wireless Arena. Another Verizon resident is the Manchester Wolves Arena Football team. The Wolves play in the af2 league, which is the minor league of the Arena Football League (AFL). Manchester is also home to the New Hampshire Phantoms, a professional soccer team belonging to the United Soccer League's (USL) Second Division.


Total Population 110,139
Male Share of the Population 50%
Female Share of the Population 50%
Senior Citizens 12.8%
Employed Population 16+ 56,990
Age of the Population 37


% of people married 41.3%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 27.4%
Median Earnings25+ $36,854
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $22,440
Median Earnings With High School Degree $31,751


Median Family Income $67,566
% Above Poverty Level 85%
% Below Poverty Level 15%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 23 minutes
% Working from Home 3.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.2%
% Using Public Transportation 1.3%


People Living Alone 31.3%
Median Gross Rent $1,014
Median House Value $206,100


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 20.5%
US/American 0.1%
English 8.7%
Irish 19.4%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Manchester Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 48 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Hillsborough
Standard Zip Codes 03101, 03102, 03103, 03104, 03106, 03109, 03110
P.O. Box Zip Codes 03105, 03108
Company Zip Codes 03107, 03111
Phone Area Codes 603
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.995
Longitude -71.455

Manchester Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 2.9 miles
Jan Temp 5 to 32 F
Apr Temp 29 to 56 F
Jul Temp 55 to 82 F
Oct Temp 32 to 61 F
Annual Precip 39.8 inches
Station WEARE
Distance 15.3 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 31 F
Apr Temp 32 to 55 F
Jul Temp 57 to 81 F
Oct Temp 36 to 59 F
Annual Precip 47.2 inches
Station EPPING
Distance 19 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 33 F
Apr Temp 34 to 57 F
Jul Temp 58 to 83 F
Oct Temp 37 to 61 F
Annual Precip 44.5 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Auburn 5,141 $105,605
Bedford 21,659 $149,742
Derry 33,202 $81,447
Goffstown 17,831 $86,061
Hooksett 13,837 $97,875
Merrimack 25,595 $101,786

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Manchester Public Libraries

Manchester City Library
Manchester, New Hampshire
(603) 624-6550
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Manchester Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(603) 668-3545
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(603) 669-5300
Emergency Service: Yes

Manchester VA Medical Center
718 Smyth Road
(603) 624-4366 or (800) 892-8384
Emergency Service:

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East Windsor
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Manchester High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 2,399 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

Serves 2,187 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

Serves 2,115 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.1

Additional Details
Manchester Careers
Manchester career and employment information.
Manchester Colleges
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Historic Manchester


Masonic home between 1900 and 1910

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Masonic home between 1900 and 1910

County court house between 1900 and 1910

Stark House c1908.

Additional Resources
Info for Manchester Government Officials

Are you an official in the Manchester government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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