Introduction to Peterborough, New Hampshire

Peterborough, New Hampshire, in Hillsborough county, is 25 miles W of Nashua, New Hampshire and 57 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts. The town has a population of approximately 5,883.

Peterborough History

Peterborough is in Hillsborough County and was named after the Earl of Peterborough. Hillsborough County became a part of New Hampshire in 1769. In 1771, the county was organized at Amherst.

Peterborough and nearby Attractions

  • Bear Brook State Park
  • Peterborough Historical Society Museum
  • Greenfield State Park
  • Silver Lake State Park
  • Horatio Colony House Museum
  • Miller State Park

Things To Do In Peterborough

Pillsbury State Park, Wendell State Forest, Fort Dummer State Park, Marshal State Forest and Rollins State Park are popular local attractions. Local churches include the All Saints Episcopal Church, Peterborough Unitarian Church and First Church of Christ.

Peterborough Transportation

Air transportation facilities are available from Manchester Airport.

Peterborough Higher Education

One can pursue higher education from Keene State College, New Hampshire College, Worcester State College and Fitchburg State College.


Total Population 6,406
Male Share of the Population 47.1%
Female Share of the Population 52.9%
Senior Citizens 23.7%
Employed Population 16+ 3,379
Age of the Population 51


% of people married 44.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 54.5%
Median Earnings25+ $38,415
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $31,482


Median Family Income $90,321
% Above Poverty Level 94.2%
% Below Poverty Level 5.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 28 minutes
% Working from Home 9.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.1%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 41.7%
Median Gross Rent $873
Median House Value $237,300


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 8.8%
US/American 0.2%
English 23.1%
Irish 24.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Peterborough Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 25 miles W of Nashua, New Hampshire (center to center)
Nearest Large City 57 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Hillsborough
Standard Zip Codes 03458
Phone Area Codes 603
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.87
Longitude -71.952

Peterborough Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.4 miles
Jan Temp 9 to 30 F
Apr Temp 32 to 54 F
Jul Temp 56 to 79 F
Oct Temp 35 to 58 F
Annual Precip 44.6 inches
Distance 18.4 miles
Jan Temp 8 to 32 F
Apr Temp 30 to 56 F
Jul Temp 55 to 81 F
Oct Temp 32 to 60 F
Annual Precip 45.1 inches
Station KEENE
Distance 19.3 miles
Jan Temp 9 to 30 F
Apr Temp 31 to 56 F
Jul Temp 57 to 82 F
Oct Temp 34 to 60 F
Annual Precip 41.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dublin 1,575 $75,417
Greenfield 1,641 $72,917
Hancock 1,755 $89,773
Jaffrey 5,371 $73,654
Sharon 359 $92,500
Temple 1,489 $93,676

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Peterborough Public Libraries

Peterborough Town Library
Peterborough, New Hampshire
(603) 924-8040
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Peterborough Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(603) 924-7191
Emergency Service: Yes

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Peterborough High Schools

Serves 1,169 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.3

Study Online in Peterborough

Career and College Resources

Real-World Career Reports
Career References and Original Articles
College Directories and Lists
Additional Resources
Info for Peterborough Government Officials

Are you an official in the Peterborough government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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