Introduction to Elizabeth, New Jersey

The city of Elizabeth, one of New Jersey's largest cities, is the county seat of Union County. Located only 20 miles southwest of New York City, Elizabeth lies on Newark Bay and is connected to Staten Island by the Goethals Bridge. One of the New York metropolitan area's prime residential and industrial centers, Elizabeth is a highly industrialized city with major shipping operations and one of North America's largest seaports. It is bordered by Cartaret (to the south), Westfield (to the west), Newark (to the north), and Staten Island (to the east). Elizabeth is a focal point of several major thoroughfares, including Interstates I-78, I-95, and I-278; U.S. Routes 1, 9, and 22; and New Jersey State Highways 27, 28, and 81. The city is home to a portion of the Newark/Elizabeth Liberty International Airport.

First settled in 1664, the community was originally named "Elizabethtown" by its English settlers in honor of the wife of noted colonial proprietor Sir George Carteret. It served as the first capital of New Jersey and officially became the city of Elizabeth upon its incorporation in 1855. Its first major industry was the Singer Sewing Machine Company, which employed thousands, but since World War II, the city has seen major growth in its transportation facilities. The Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal (sometimes referred to as "Port Elizabeth") has become the principal container ship facility serving the northeastern quadrant of North America and one of the busiest ports in the world.

Points of Interest in Elizabeth

Historic Midtown Elizabeth boasts more than a dozen historical sites and landmarks. The Elizabeth Public Library is housed in an elegant building which has undergone significant upgrades in recent years. The structure was a gift from Andrew Carnegie during the early part of the 20th century. The historic Ritz Theatre is one of the state's oldest and largest operating theaters and dates back to 1926. Another historic site is Boxwood Hall, former home of Elias Boudinot, President of the Continental Congress, and Jonathan Dayton, the youngest signer of the Constitution. Nearby is the Belcher Ogden Mansion, former residence of Royal Governor Jonathan Belcher and the last remaining original Royal Governor's mansion in the country. The ethnic diversity of Elizabeth is reflected in its annual festivals and parades. The Elizabeth Latin Carnival, held in early September, draws crowds numbering in the hundreds of thousands. Other special festivities include Portugal Day, Pride Day in the Port, Unity Day, and Julyfest. Every Sunday before Memorial Day the city hosts the annual Tour De Elizabeth, a bike tour of the entire City.

The New York metropolitan area is replete with world-class attractions of all types. Some of the more noted include the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building, Rockefeller Center, Madison Square Garden, Central Park, Carnegie Hall, the Brooklyn Bridge, the Bronx Zoo, the Apollo Theater, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Brooklyn Children's Museum.

Sports fans have a wide choice of options close by Elizabeth. The New York area boasts several teams which are all located less than an hour away. Some of New York and New Jersey's major league professional teams include New York's Mets and Yankees (Major League Baseball), Giants and Jets (National Football League), Rangers and Islanders (National Hockey League), the New York Knicks and New Jersey Nets (National Basketball Association), the New Jersey Devils (National Hockey League), Red Bull New York (Major League Soccer), the Long Island Lizards (Major League Lacrosse), and a women's pro basketball team, the New York Liberty (WNBA).


Total Population 127,759
Male Share of the Population 49.6%
Female Share of the Population 50.4%
Senior Citizens 9.9%
Employed Population 16+ 57,168
Age of the Population 33


% of people married 35.7%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 11.6%
Median Earnings25+ $26,539
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,938
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,829


Median Family Income $44,835
% Above Poverty Level 81%
% Below Poverty Level 19%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 27 minutes
% Working from Home 3.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 6.4%
% Using Public Transportation 11.3%


People Living Alone 24.1%
Median Gross Rent $1,062
Median House Value $263,600


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 73.1%
US/American 0%
English 0.3%
Irish 1.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Elizabeth Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 5 miles S of Newark, New Jersey
County Union
Standard Zip Codes 07201, 07202, 07206, 07208
P.O. Box Zip Codes 07207
Phone Area Codes 908
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.663
Longitude -74.211

Elizabeth Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 4.3 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 38 F
Apr Temp 44 to 61 F
Jul Temp 69 to 85 F
Oct Temp 48 to 65 F
Annual Precip 46.2 inches
Distance 5.4 miles
Jan Temp 25 to 40 F
Apr Temp 42 to 62 F
Jul Temp 67 to 86 F
Oct Temp 47 to 66 F
Annual Precip 48.6 inches
Distance 12.3 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 36 F
Apr Temp 38 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 41 to 64 F
Annual Precip 51.9 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Elizabeth, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Bayway (07202)

Betsytown (07201)

Elizabethport (07206)

Elmora (07202)

North Elizabeth (07208)

Parkandbush (07202)

Peterstown (07201)

Union Square (07201)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Cranford 23,328 $135,500
Hillside 21,779 $70,449
Linden 41,322 $73,044
Roselle 21,466 $63,314

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Elizabeth Public Libraries

Elizabeth Free Public Library
Elizabeth, New Jersey
(908) 354-6060
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Elizabeth Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(908) 994-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Elizabeth High Schools

Serves 5,299 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.5

Additional Details
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Historic Elizabeth


Elizabeth Station 1892
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