Introduction to Fairfield, New Jersey

Fairfield, New Jersey is in far northwestern Essex County.

Fairfield History

The area now known as Fairfield, was formerly a part of the Horseneck Tract and consisted of portions of West Orange, Livingston and other places which are now the municipalities of North Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Roseland, West Caldwell, Caldwell, Essex Falls, Verona and Fairfield. The settlers bought the Horseneck Tract in 1702, and Fairfield was formed as Caldwell Township, on February 16th, 1798. It was officially incorporated on February 21st by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature. The community was renamed as "Fairfield Township," on November 6th, 1963. The township was re-incorporated as a borough on June 8th, 1964, but it turned into a township again in 1979, in order to enjoy the benefits of federal revenue sharing policies in the USA.

Fairfield and Nearby Attractions

  • Hamilton House Museum
  • Darlington County Park
  • International Center of Photography
  • South Mountain Reservation
  • Belskie Museum of Art and Science
  • George Washington Bridge

Things To Do In Fairfield

Connecticut Audubon Center at Fairfield, Fairfield Historical Society Museum and Ogden House Museum and Gardens have interesting historical artifacts on display. Nearby museums include Belskie Museum of Art and Science, Isamu Noguchi Garden Museum, American Family Immigration History Center and the Jewish Museum. Darlington County Park and Morristown National Historical Park offer provisions for a host of recreational activities.

Fairfield Transportation

Air transportation is available from Newark Liberty International Airport.

Fairfield Higher Education

Universities located nearby include William Paterson University of New Jersey, Seton Hall University and Kean University.


Total Population 7,556
Male Share of the Population 49.3%
Female Share of the Population 50.7%
Senior Citizens 20.2%
Employed Population 16+ 3,470
Age of the Population 46


% of people married 60%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 36.8%
Median Earnings25+ $61,740
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $25,583
Median Earnings With High School Degree $40,798


Median Family Income $121,250
% Above Poverty Level 99.7%
% Below Poverty Level 0.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 24 minutes
% Working from Home 4.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 0.9%
% Using Public Transportation 3.7%


People Living Alone 14.7%
Median Gross Rent $1,704
Median House Value $476,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 6.7%
US/American 1.2%
English 5.8%
Irish 14.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Fairfield Almanac

Category Value
County Essex
Standard Zip Codes 07004
Phone Area Codes 973
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.883
Longitude -74.306

Fairfield Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Fairfield Public Libraries

Anthony Pio Costa Memorial Library
Fairfield, New Jersey
(973) 227-3575

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Fairfield Colleges

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