Introduction to Irvington, New Jersey
Irvington, New Jersey, in Essex county, is 3 miles W of Newark, New Jersey. The city is situated along the Elizabeth River. The acreage located east of the river has a rolling plain landscape. The west side of the river includes a portion of the Orange Mountains.
The vast majority of the citizens are African Americans. The city is known for its high violent crime rate. Irvington is part of the New York metro area. Parts of Irvington have been designated as Urban Enterprise Zones.
The area was named Camptown until the mid-1800's. In 1850 the citizens were concerned that the actions mentioned in the well known song Camptown Races would be part of the reputation of the town. It was renamed in honor of Washington Irving and was incorporated as a village in 1874. In 1898 it was incorporated as a town. During the first three quarters of the 20th century Irvington experienced significant growth due to the arrival of immigrants.
The 1967 Newark riots causes a large number of residents to leave Newark and move to nearby Irvington. The city had been prominently a white community but the vast majority of the citizens are now African Americans. A crack epidemic occurred in Irvington in the 1980's.
Irvington and nearby Attractions and Activities
- Branch Brook Park
- Eagle Rock Reservation
- Montclair Art Museum
- Weequahic Park
- NJ Capoeira Arts Center
- Irvington Park
- New Jersey Historical Society Museum
- Essex County Roller Skating Rink
- Brookdale Park
- Liberty Hall Museum
- South Mountain Reservation
- Edgemont Memorial Park
The city is served by the nearby Newark Liberty International Airport. New Jersey Transit provides bus services.