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Overview

Introduction to Jersey City, New Jersey

The city of Jersey City is the county seat of Hudson County, New Jersey. Considered part of the New York metropolitan area, Jersey City is a close neighbor to Manhattan, separated only be the Hudson River. A significant port of entry, the city serves as an important industrial and commercial center for the region and benefits from its close proximity to Manhattan due to the spillover effect from several of New York City's large businesses. Jersey City is serviced by several highways, including Interstate I-78; U.S. Routes 1 and 9: New Jersey State Highways 7, 139, and 440; and the New Jersey Turnpike. Public transportation is the primary form of transport for Jersey City commuters and it exists in many varieties: there is abundant ferry service offered by NY Waterway to and from several locations, Hudson-Bergen offers light rail service, and there is 24-hour subway and bus service as well. Nearby large airports include LaGuardia Airport (LGA), John F. Kennedy Airport (JFK), and Newark's Liberty Airport, which is directly connected to Jersey City via rail service operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PATH).

The area which now comprises Jersey City was first explored in 1609 by English navigator Henry Hudson, who was financed by the Dutch East India Company. A permanent settlement was pioneered there in 1630 by Michael Pauw, an agent of the Dutch West India Company, and the city today retains this early influence with its abundant Dutch street names. Initially dubbed Paulus Hook, named after one of its early governors Michael Paulusen, the city became incorporated as the city of Jersey in 1820 while it was still a part of the town of Bergen. It was reincorporated in 1838, at which time it became independent of Bergen and was given its present name. From 1860 to 1870 the city's population more than quadrupled, owing to the economic strength of its factories and also to the consolidation of several municipalities into the city. A significant event occurred in 1916 when German saboteurs exploded ammunition-laden railroad cars into the city's Black Tom Island, resulting in property losses estimated in the millions. By the latter part of the 20th century, Jersey City had attained a healthy level of prosperity owing to its perception as a favorable alternative for businesses looking to escape New York City's exorbitant business costs.

Attractions in the Jersey City Area

Jersey City's prime attraction is Liberty State Park. The Park, about half of which is open to public access, offers views of the Manhattan skyline, the Statue of Liberty, and Ellis Island. There are also several bike paths and walkways, including Liberty Walkway, a long waterfront path stretching from the historic Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal building to the Statue of Liberty overlook. The Park also houses the Liberty Science Center, offering several floors of exhibits and a theater with one of the nation's largest IMAX dome screens. Jersey City visitors can also take advantage of the enormous number of things to see and do in the greater metropolitan New York City area. Some of these include the following:

  • Bronx Zoo
  • Statue of Liberty
  • Madison Square Garden
  • Empire State Building
  • Brooklyn Bridge
  • Battery Park
  • Carnegie Hall
  • Rockefeller Center
  • Javits Center
  • Apollo Theater
  • American Museum of Natural History
  • Central Park
  • St. John's Cathedral
  • Chrysler Building
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • Brooklyn Children’s Museum
  • The Museum of Modern Art

Major league professional sports abound in the New York City area, home to the following teams:

  • New York Yankees (Major League Baseball)
  • New York Mets (Major League Baseball)
  • New York Knicks (National Basketball Association)
  • New Jersey Nets (National Basketball Association)
  • New York Islanders (National Hockey League)
  • New York Rangers (National Hockey League)
  • New Jersey Devils (National Hockey League)
  • New York Jets (National Football League)
  • New York Giants (National Football League)
  • New York Liberty (Women's National Basketball Association)
  • Red Bull New York (Major League Soccer)
  • Long Island Lizards (Major League Lacrosse)

People

Total Population 259,651
Male Share of the Population 49.4%
Female Share of the Population 50.6%
Senior Citizens 9.8%
Employed Population 16+ 128,570
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 41.9%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 42.9%
Median Earnings25+ $43,487
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $23,313
Median Earnings With High School Degree $28,516

Wealth

Median Family Income $64,522
% Above Poverty Level 80.7%
% Below Poverty Level 19.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 36 minutes
% Working from Home 3.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 8.4%
% Using Public Transportation 47.6%

Housing

People Living Alone 28.7%
Median Gross Rent $1,198
Median House Value $319,800

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 68.2%
US/American 0%
English 1.4%
Irish 4.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Jersey City Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 5 miles E of Newark, New Jersey
County Hudson
Standard Zip Codes 07302, 07304, 07305, 07306, 07307, 07310, 07311
P.O. Box Zip Codes 07303, 07308, 07309
Company Zip Codes 07097, 07390, 07395, 07399
Phone Area Codes 201
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.728
Longitude -74.078

Jersey City Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station JERSEY CITY
Distance 2.1 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 36 F
Apr Temp 42 to 58 F
Jul Temp 68 to 83 F
Oct Temp 47 to 63 F
Annual Precip 46.3 inches
Station NEWARK INTL AP
Distance 4.7 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 38 F
Apr Temp 44 to 61 F
Jul Temp 69 to 85 F
Oct Temp 48 to 65 F
Annual Precip 46.2 inches
Station NEW YORK CITY CENTRAL PK
Distance 7 miles
Jan Temp 26 to 38 F
Apr Temp 44 to 61 F
Jul Temp 69 to 84 F
Oct Temp 50 to 64 F
Annual Precip 49.6 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Jersey City, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Ellis Island (07305)

Five Corners (07308)

General Lafayette (07309)

Greenville (07305)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
East Newark 2,577 $53,750
Harrison 12,742 $132,936
Hoboken 52,452 $165,648
Secaucus 18,170 $97,222
Union City 68,656 $39,501
Weehawken 13,215 $94,336

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Jersey City Public Libraries

Library
Jersey City Free Public Library
472 JERSEY AVENUE
Jersey City, New Jersey
(201) 547-4500
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Jersey City Hospitals

LIBERTYHEALTH-JERSEY CITY MEDICAL CENTER CAMPUS
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
355 GRAND STREET
(201) 915-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

LIBERTYHEALTH-GREENVILLE HOSPITAL CAMPUS
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
1825 KENNEDY BLVD
(201) 547-6100
Emergency Service: Yes

CHRIST HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
176 PALISADE AVE
(201) 795-8200
Emergency Service: Yes

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Jersey City High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

WILLIAM L DICKINSON
2 PALISADE AVE
201-714-4400
Serves 3,149 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.5

JAMES J FERRIS
35 COLGATE ST
201-915-6660
Serves 1,460 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.5

HENRY SNYDER
239 BERGEN AVE
201-915-6600
Serves 1,207 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11

LINCOLN
60 CRESCENT AVE
201-915-6700
Serves 1,023 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.4

HCST JERSEY CITY CENTER
525 MONTGOMERY ST
201-413-5954
A Vocational School
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 671 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.3

DR RONALD MC NAIR ACAD HS
123 COLES STREET
201-418-7618
Serves 528 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.2

LIBERTY HIGH SCHOOL
40 SIP AVENUE
201-915-6760
Serves 180 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.2

Additional Details
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Jersey City colleges and trade schools.
Jersey City Graduate Schools
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Study Online in Jersey City
Historic Jersey City

photo

Marlborough House between 1900 and 1906

Select a photo to view (Source):

Marlborough House between 1900 and 1906

Hotel Traymore c1900.

Savoy Hotel between 1900 and 1905

Additional Resources
Info for Jersey City Government Officials


Are you an official in the Jersey City government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

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