Introduction to Madison, New Jersey

Madison, New Jersey is 6 miles S of Parsippany, New Jersey and 12 miles W of Newark, New Jersey. It is in Morris county. The town is part of the Newark metro area. The population of Madison is 16,530.

Madison History

The earliest settlers of European origin arrived in the region now known as Madison in the early parts of the 18th century. In 1834, the town was named Madison in honor of President James Madison. After the Civil War, growth and development of this town rapidly increased with the construction of the railroad. Industries grew in the area, and working class people built a residential community here. The population was diverse both in terms of ethnicity and socio-economic status. Though original settlers were British, the French arrived after the American Revolution followed by African Americans, Irish, Germans and Italians.

Madison and nearby Attractions

  • Faulkner House
  • Holloway Hall
  • Museum of Early Trades & Crafts
  • Turtle Back Zoo
  • Saint Vincent Cemetery
  • Shakespeare Garden

Things To Do In Madison

The town of Madison has a number of historical buildings like the Faulkner House, the Holloway Hall, the Madison House, the Wendel Hall, and the President's Hall, among others. The Shakespeare Garden is another popular tourist destination. Here one can spend a quiet day in the midst of nature. The Turtle Back Zoo and the Cora Hartshorn Arboretum & Bird Sanctuary are ideal places to take children also.

Madison Transportation

Newark Liberty International Airport is close by.

Madison Higher Education

Residents can pursue higher education at Drew University. Also close by are the Seton Hall University, Union County College, Kean University, and the County College of Morris.


Total Population 16,091
Male Share of the Population 47.6%
Female Share of the Population 52.4%
Senior Citizens 14.3%
Employed Population 16+ 7,522
Age of the Population 39


% of people married 50.6%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 65.4%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $141,010
% Above Poverty Level 94.3%
% Below Poverty Level 5.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 28 minutes
% Working from Home 6.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7%
% Using Public Transportation 11%


People Living Alone 26.7%
Median Gross Rent $1,562
Median House Value $660,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 17.5%
US/American 0.2%
English 10.3%
Irish 22.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Madison Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 6 miles S of Parsippany, New Jersey (center to center)
Nearest Large City 12 miles W of Newark, New Jersey
County Morris
Standard Zip Codes 07940
Phone Area Codes 973
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.759
Longitude -74.417

Madison Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 3.6 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 39 F
Apr Temp 38 to 62 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 40 to 66 F
Annual Precip 51.6 inches
Distance 8.7 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 36 F
Apr Temp 38 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 41 to 64 F
Annual Precip 51.9 inches
Distance 11.1 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 39 F
Apr Temp 39 to 63 F
Jul Temp 63 to 87 F
Oct Temp 42 to 66 F
Annual Precip 49.6 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Chatham 10,569 $207,708
East Hanover 11,248 $123,984
Florham Park 11,802 $141,071
Morristown 18,563 $88,072
New Providence 12,355 $155,653

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Madison Public Libraries

Madison Public Library
Madison, New Jersey
(973) 377-0722
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Madison High Schools

Serves 706 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.5

Additional Details
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