Introduction to Princeton, New Jersey

Princeton, New Jersey, in Mercer county, is 10 miles NE of Trenton, New Jersey and 37 miles SW of Newark, New Jersey. The town is located in the Trenton metropolitan area. Princeton has a population of 14,203.

Princeton History

Initially, Princeton was a part of the township of Montgomery in Somerset County, and the township of West Windsor in Middlesex County. It was incorporated on April 9, 1838. Princeton is the academic home to many renowned scientists such as Albert Einstein and Kurt Gödel.

Princeton and nearby Attractions

  • Princeton Battlefield Park
  • Delaware & Raritan Canal Park
  • Hopewell Museum
  • Rocky Top Dog Park
  • Albert Einstein House
  • Old Barracks Museum

Things To Do In Princeton

There are many historical sites in Princeton where you can spend your leisure hours. The town has art galleries, museums and antique shops. In addition, Princeton organizes several recreational programs and events throughout the year.

Princeton Transportation

Air transportation is available from Trenton Mercer Airport.

Princeton Higher Education

Opportunities for higher education are provided at Princeton University, Mercer County Community College, Rider University, The College of New Jersey, Thomas Edison State College and many other colleges and universities.


Total Population 28,940
Male Share of the Population 49.7%
Female Share of the Population 50.3%
Senior Citizens 14%
Employed Population 16+ 14,656
Age of the Population 33


% of people married 46.1%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 80.9%
Median Earnings25+ $64,416
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,455
Median Earnings With High School Degree $38,197


Median Family Income $171,291
% Above Poverty Level 94.3%
% Below Poverty Level 5.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 28 minutes
% Working from Home 12.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 23.1%
% Using Public Transportation 10.5%


People Living Alone 26.4%
Median Gross Rent $1,344
Median House Value $760,800


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 32.3%
US/American 0.3%
English 10.1%
Irish 12.6%

Princeton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 10 miles NE of Trenton, New Jersey (center to center)
Nearest Large City 37 miles SW of Newark, New Jersey
County Mercer
Standard Zip Codes 08540, 08542
P.O. Box Zip Codes 08543
Company Zip Codes 08541, 08544
Phone Area Codes 609
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.348
Longitude -74.659

Princeton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 7.5 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 39 F
Apr Temp 39 to 61 F
Jul Temp 63 to 85 F
Oct Temp 42 to 65 F
Annual Precip 47.6 inches
Distance 15.4 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 40 F
Apr Temp 39 to 63 F
Jul Temp 64 to 87 F
Oct Temp 42 to 67 F
Annual Precip 48.8 inches
Distance 19.1 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 37 F
Apr Temp 37 to 61 F
Jul Temp 62 to 85 F
Oct Temp 40 to 64 F
Annual Precip 49.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Hopewell 1,891 $129,167
Lawrenceville 3,538 $126,719
Plainsboro 23,224 $117,727
Rocky Hill 554 $131,528
South Brunswick 44,355 $120,469
West Windsor 28,108 $181,892

Princeton Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(609) 497-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Princeton High Schools

Serves 1,253 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.9

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Career and College Resources

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Historic Princeton


Westland (Home of Grover Cleveland) c1903.

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Westland (Home of Grover Cleveland) c1903.

John C. Green School of Science (Princeton University) c1903.

Library (Princeton University) between 1900 and 1906

Additional Resources
Info for Princeton Government Officials

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