Introduction to Summit, New Jersey

Summit, New Jersey, in Union county, is 5 miles NW of Union, New Jersey and 9 miles W of Newark, New Jersey. The people of the city are in the Newark metropolitan area. Summit has a population of 21,131.

Summit History

Native Americans were the first inhabitants in this region. This area was purchased in the year 1664. European settlers arrived at this place in 1710. This city has undergone quite a few name changes, including ones like "Pie Hill" and "Beacon Hill." According to some sources, it acquired its present name from the house of Lord Chancellor James Kent that was called "summit Lodge." Summit was initially incorporated as a township on March 23, 1869, but was later reincorporated as a city on March 8, 1899. Post World War II, the city experienced a rapid growth and development, and it is currently one of the wealthiest communities in the state of New Jersey.

Summit and nearby Attractions

  • Free Public Library of Summit
  • Basset Building
  • New Jersey Center for Visual Arts
  • Christ Church
  • Wick House Herb Garden
  • Edison Recreation Center

Things To Do In Summit

There are quite a few places of historic and cultural interest in the city of Summit, including the Free Public Library, the Basset Building, the Municipal Building and the Central Building. Some of the nearby attractions include the New Jersey Center for Visual Arts. One can also take a trip of the various churches around the city, or even visit the Briant Pond. The Edison Recreation Center and the Watchung Reservation offer excellent recreational facilities that can be enjoyed by adults and children alike.

Summit Transportation

Air transportation is available from Newark Liberty International Airport.

Summit Higher Education

Residents have higher educational opportunities at Drew University, Union County College, Kean University and Seton Hall University.


Total Population 21,869
Male Share of the Population 49.5%
Female Share of the Population 50.5%
Senior Citizens 11.6%
Employed Population 16+ 10,144
Age of the Population 40


% of people married 64%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 70.5%
Median Earnings25+ $75,545
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $24,352
Median Earnings With High School Degree $27,701


Median Family Income $167,336
% Above Poverty Level 95.8%
% Below Poverty Level 4.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 36 minutes
% Working from Home 7.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.9%
% Using Public Transportation 21%


People Living Alone 25%
Median Gross Rent $1,532
Median House Value $809,400


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 28.8%
US/American 0.1%
English 7.6%
Irish 17.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Summit Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 5 miles NW of Union, New Jersey (center to center)
Nearest Large City 9 miles W of Newark, New Jersey
County Union
Standard Zip Codes 07901
P.O. Box Zip Codes 07902
Phone Area Codes 908
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.741
Longitude -74.36

Summit Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.8 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 39 F
Apr Temp 38 to 62 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 40 to 66 F
Annual Precip 51.6 inches
Distance 7.5 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 36 F
Apr Temp 38 to 60 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 41 to 64 F
Annual Precip 51.9 inches
Distance 10.3 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 38 F
Apr Temp 44 to 61 F
Jul Temp 69 to 85 F
Oct Temp 48 to 65 F
Annual Precip 46.2 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Chatham 10,569 $207,708
Florham Park 11,802 $141,071
Madison 16,091 $141,010
Millburn 20,183 $222,386
New Providence 12,355 $155,653
South Orange Village 16,305 $151,719

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Summit Public Libraries

Summit Free Public Library
Summit, New Jersey
(908) 273-0350
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Summit Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(908) 522-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Summit High Schools

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 907 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.7

Study Online in Summit

Career and College Resources

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Info for Summit Government Officials

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