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Overview

Introduction to Trenton, New Jersey

Trenton is located in Mercer County and is the capital of the state of New Jersey. The town borders the Delaware River. The city was created within the Trenton Township in 1792. The municipality contains the distinct neighborhoods known as North Ward, South Ward, East Ward and West Ward. "The island" is another noteworthy area in Trenton and the historic Mill Hill is located near downtown.

History

Quakers established the first settlement in the area in 1679. In 1719 the town had taken the name Trent-towne in tribute to William Trent who was a primary landowner in the area. Later, the name was shortened and the city became known as Trenton. The city was the location of the first victory achieved by George Washington during the American Revolutionary War. For a short time in 1784, during the months of November and December Trenton was the national capital of the country.

The city was incorporated in 1792. During the late 1800's and the early portion of the 1900's the town was a prominent manufacturing area. The slogan "Trenton makes, the world takes" was a well known slogan during this era. The city was a prominent location for the production of steel, rope, ceramics, rubber, wire and linoleum.

Transportation

The New Jersey Transit provides extensive bus transportation for the city and the nearby suburbs. Train service emanating from Trenton Rail Station runs along the Northeast Corridor and connects the city with Newark as well as New York. SEPTA offers train service which begins at the Trenton Station and runs by the side of the Northeast Corridor and connects with Philadelphia. The Trenton-Mercer Airport offers limited air transportation.

Attractions

  • Battle Monument
  • Contemporary Victorian Museum
  • Ellarslie: The City of Trenton Museum
  • New Jersey State House
  • Meredith Havens Fire Museum
  • New Jersey State Museum
  • Friends Burying Ground
  • The Old Barracks Museum
  • The 1719 William Trent House Museum
  • Old Masonic Lodge
  • Chambersburg

Higher Education

The Thomas Edison State College and Mercer County Community College are situated in Trenton. The College of New Jersey is located nearby. The Thomas Edison State College is the location of the prominent John S. Watson Institute for Public Policy. The institute offers public policy analysis as well as other consulting services to government agencies, community agencies and for the private sector.

People

Total Population 84,632
Male Share of the Population 50.7%
Female Share of the Population 49.3%
Senior Citizens 8.9%
Employed Population 16+ 32,493
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 28.9%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 11%
Median Earnings25+ $25,149
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $17,595
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,680

Wealth

Median Family Income $41,090
% Above Poverty Level 71.7%
% Below Poverty Level 28.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 24 minutes
% Working from Home 1.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 5%
% Using Public Transportation 11%

Housing

People Living Alone 31.7%
Median Gross Rent $956
Median House Value $107,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 72.1%
US/American 0%
English 1.2%
Irish 2.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Trenton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 28 miles NE of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
County Mercer
Standard Zip Codes 08608, 08609, 08610, 08611, 08618, 08619, 08620, 08628, 08629, 08638, 08640, 08641, 08648, 08690, 08691
P.O. Box Zip Codes 08601, 08602, 08603, 08604, 08605, 08606, 08607, 08625, 08650
Company Zip Codes 08645, 08646, 08647, 08666, 08677, 08695
Phone Area Codes 609
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 40.216
Longitude -74.743

Trenton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station HIGHTSTOWN 2 W
Distance 9.9 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 39 F
Apr Temp 39 to 61 F
Jul Temp 63 to 85 F
Oct Temp 42 to 65 F
Annual Precip 47.6 inches
Station LAMBERTVILLE
Distance 15 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 40 F
Apr Temp 39 to 63 F
Jul Temp 64 to 87 F
Oct Temp 42 to 67 F
Annual Precip 48.8 inches
Station MOORESTOWN
Distance 21 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 41 F
Apr Temp 41 to 66 F
Jul Temp 65 to 88 F
Oct Temp 44 to 68 F
Annual Precip 48.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Trenton, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Ewing Township (08628, 08638, 08618)

Groveville (08620)

Hamilton Square (08690)

Hamilton Township (08620, 08629, 08690, 08691, 08610, 08611, 08619)

Mercerville (08619)

Robbinsville (08691)

West Trenton (08628)

Yardville (08620)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bordentown 11,566 $104,053
Ewing 36,379 $93,135
Fieldsboro 624 $82,500
Hamilton 89,055 $91,568
Lawrenceville 3,825 $111,378
West Windsor 27,872 $183,512

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Trenton Public Libraries

Library
Mercer County Library System
2751 BRUNSWICK PIKE
Trenton, New Jersey
(609) 989-6916
Library Web Site
Trenton Free Public Library
120 ACADEMY ST.
Trenton, New Jersey
(609) 392-7188

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Trenton Hospitals

ROBERT WOOD JOHNSON UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL HAMILTON
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
ONE HAMILTON HEALTH PLACE
(609) 586-7900
Emergency Service: Yes

CAPITAL HEALTH SYSTEM-MERCER CAMPUS
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
446 BELLEVUE AVE
(609) 394-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

ST FRANCIS MEDICAL CENTER
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
601 HAMILTON AVE
(609) 599-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

CAPITAL HEALTH SYSTEM-FULD CAMPUS
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
750 BRUNSWICK AVE
(609) 394-6000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Trenton High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

TRENTON CENTRAL HIGH
400 CHAMBERS STREET
609-989-2496
Serves 2,705 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.7

HAMILTON EAST-STEINERT
2900 KLOCKNER ROAD
609-890-3743
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,628 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.6

HAMILTON NORTH-NOTTINGHAM
1055 KLOCKNER ROAD
609-890-3758
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,361 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.7

DAYLIGHT/TWILIGHT H S
720 BELLEVUE AVENUE
609-989-2494
Serves 767 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.7

EMILY FISHER CS OF ADVANCED STUDIES
31 CHANCERY LANE
609-656-1444
A Charter School.
Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 255 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.4

MCVS ASSUNPINK CENT
1085 OLD TRENTON ROAD
609-586-5144
A Vocational School
Serves 86 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 7.8

MCVS PERFORMING ARTS
1200 OLD TRENTON ROAD
609-586-3550
A Vocational School

Additional Details
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Historic Trenton

photo

Capture of the Hessians at Trenton. between 1900 and 1912

Select a photo to view (Source):

Capture of the Hessians at Trenton. between 1900 and 1912

Capture of the Hessians at Trenton. c1912, 1912

Capture of the Hessians at Trenton. between 1900 and 1912

Additional Resources
Info for Trenton Government Officials


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