Introduction to Alamogordo, New Mexico

Alamogordo, New Mexico, in Otero county, is 59 miles NE of Las Cruces, New Mexico and 84 miles N of El Paso, Texas. The city contains a population of approximately 35,582.

Alamogordo History

Alamogordo was founded in 1898. It the same year, the El Paso and Northwestern Railroad first entered the city. Alamogordo derived its name from the many cottonwood trees in the area. An atomic bomb was detonated at the Alamogordo Test Range on July 16, 1945. The city is the county seat of Otero County, which was established on January 30, 1899.

Alamogordo and nearby Attractions

  • Lincoln National Forest
  • Alameda Park Zoo
  • Museum of Space History
  • Oliver Lee Memorial State Park
  • White Sands National Monument
  • Tularosa Basin Historical Society Museum

Things To Do In Alamogordo

Alamogordo provides amenities for several different types of recreational opportunities. One can visit America's National Park Ride Train Museum, the New Mexico Museum of Space History and the White Sands National Monument. The Alameda Park Zoo is also a popular local spot. Local celebrations include the Cottonwood Festival, the White Sands Film Festival and Hamfest. The Lincoln National Forest and the Oliver Lee Memorial State Park can be reached from Alamogordo within few minutes.

Alamogordo Transportation

Sierra Blanca is the nearest airport.

Alamogordo Higher Education

New Mexico State University-Alamogordo is the local institution of higher education. Others in the neighborhood include the University of New Mexico and El Paso Community College.


Total Population 31,224
Male Share of the Population 49.6%
Female Share of the Population 50.4%
Senior Citizens 17.1%
Employed Population 16+ 11,691
Age of the Population 37


% of people married 49.4%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 17.3%
Median Earnings25+ $27,120
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $9,324
Median Earnings With High School Degree $22,457


Median Family Income $51,606
% Above Poverty Level 81.5%
% Below Poverty Level 18.5%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 2.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.1%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 30.3%
Median Gross Rent $689
Median House Value $112,100


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 49.7%
US/American 0%
English 7.9%
Irish 7.7%

Alamogordo Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 59 miles NE of Las Cruces, New Mexico (center to center)
Nearest Large City 84 miles N of El Paso, Texas
County Otero
Standard Zip Codes 88310
P.O. Box Zip Codes 88311
Phone Area Codes 505
Time Zone Mountain (-7 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 32.899
Longitude -105.959

Alamogordo Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.6 miles
Jan Temp 29 to 55 F
Apr Temp 46 to 75 F
Jul Temp 66 to 93 F
Oct Temp 48 to 76 F
Annual Precip 13.2 inches
Distance 12.3 miles
Jan Temp 28 to 56 F
Apr Temp 43 to 76 F
Jul Temp 64 to 93 F
Oct Temp 46 to 76 F
Annual Precip 11.3 inches
Distance 49.1 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 57 F
Apr Temp 37 to 77 F
Jul Temp 63 to 95 F
Oct Temp 40 to 78 F
Annual Precip 11.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Alamogordo, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

White Sands National Monumen (88310)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Cloudcroft 577 $55,375
Tularosa 2,916 $34,744

Alamogordo Public Libraries

Alamogordo Public Library
Alamogordo, New Mexico
(505) 439-4140

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Alamogordo Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(505) 443-7845
Emergency Service: No

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Alamogordo High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,926 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.6

A Non-traditional School
Serves 173 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

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Alamogordo Colleges
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