Introduction to Las Vegas, New Mexico

Las Vegas, New Mexico, in San Miguel county, is 40 miles E of Santa Fe, New Mexico and 87 miles NE of Albuquerque, New Mexico. As of the year 2000 census, 14,565 people lived in Las Vegas.

Las Vegas History

Las Vegas was originally settled by a group of people who received a grant from the government of Mexico in 1835. It was built in traditional Spanish colonial style and was heavily fortified against attacks. General Stephen W. Kearny claimed it as a part of America during the Mexican-American War. Las Vegas derives its name from the Spanish for meadows.

Las Vegas and nearby Attractions

  • Fort Union National Monument
  • New Mexico Highlands University Golf Course
  • The City of Las Vegas Museum
  • Rough Rider Memorial
  • Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge

Things To Do In Las Vegas

Las Vegas offers a wide variety of recreational opportunities. The Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge is the habitat for over 270 species of birds. The Rough Rider Memorial showcases a large collection of artifacts, archives and photographs of the Rough Riders Regiment, which were created by Theodore Roosevelt, as well as Native American pottery, costumes and ranching/farming equipment. The Fort Union National Monument and the City of Las Vegas Museum also offer insight into the area’s history. The New Mexico Highlands University Golf Course is nearby as well.

Las Vegas Transportation

Air transportation is available from Albuquerque International Airport.

Las Vegas Higher Education

New Mexico Highlands University and Luna Vocational Technical Institute are the local institutions of higher education. Others in the neighborhood include the University of Phoenix-Albuquerque Campus and the University of New Mexico.


Total Population 13,713
Male Share of the Population 47.4%
Female Share of the Population 52.6%
Senior Citizens 18%
Employed Population 16+ 4,091
Age of the Population 41


% of people married 24.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 19.2%
Median Earnings25+ $25,674
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,781
Median Earnings With High School Degree $21,594


Median Family Income $40,233
% Above Poverty Level 64.7%
% Below Poverty Level 35.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 14 minutes
% Working from Home 5.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7.8%
% Using Public Transportation 0.9%


People Living Alone 48.4%
Median Gross Rent $565
Median House Value $113,000


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 75.9%
US/American 0%
English 2.5%
Irish 2.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Las Vegas Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 40 miles E of Santa Fe, New Mexico (center to center)
Nearest Large City 87 miles NE of Albuquerque, New Mexico
County San Miguel
Standard Zip Codes 87701, 87745
Phone Area Codes 505
Time Zone Mountain (-7 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 35.593
Longitude -105.223

Las Vegas Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 4.4 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 48 F
Apr Temp 27 to 66 F
Jul Temp 50 to 86 F
Oct Temp 29 to 69 F
Annual Precip 17.7 inches
Distance 5.7 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 46 F
Apr Temp 33 to 63 F
Jul Temp 53 to 83 F
Oct Temp 37 to 66 F
Annual Precip 18.1 inches
Station GASCON
Distance 24.7 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 43 F
Apr Temp 27 to 55 F
Jul Temp 45 to 75 F
Oct Temp 30 to 61 F
Annual Precip 24.6 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Las Vegas, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Beulah (87745)

Romeroville (87701)

Sapello (87745)

West Las Vegas (87701)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Las Vegas Public Libraries

Carnegie Public Library
Las Vegas, New Mexico
(505) 454-1401

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More Information for Librarians

Las Vegas Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(505) 426-3500
Emergency Service: Yes

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Las Vegas High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 687 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.6

Serves 531 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.6

A Non-traditional School
Serves 119 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.4

A Charter School.
Serves 25 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 8.6

Las Vegas Colleges

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