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Overview

Introduction to Roswell, New Mexico

Roswell, New Mexico, in Chaves county, is 147 miles NE of Las Cruces, New Mexico and 160 miles NE of El Paso, Texas. As of the year 2000 census, 45,293 people lived in Roswell.

Roswell History

A group of pioneers from Missouri originally attempted to start a settlement here in 1865, but failed due to the lack of water in the area. In 1869, Van C. Smith and Billy Bob Joe started the settlement with two adobe buildings. Named after Roswell Smith, father of Van C. Smith, the town became the county seat of the newly-created Chaves County in 1889.

Roswell and nearby Attractions

  • Historical Center for Southeast New Mexico
  • General Douglas L. McBridge Military Museum
  • International UFO Museum and Research Center
  • Roswell Museum and Art Center
  • Anderson Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Bottomless Lake State Park

Things To Do In Roswell

The International UFO Museum, the Roswell Museum and Art Center and the Anderson Museum of Contemporary Art are all located in Roswell. One can also visit the outline of an iron cross of stones made by German POWs during the Second World War. Local festivals include the UFO Festival and the Pecos Valley Jazz and Arts Festival, which each attract a number of visitors every year.

Roswell Transportation

Air transportation is available from Sierra Blanca Regional Airport.

Roswell Higher Education

Local institutions of higher education include Eastern New Mexico University-Roswell Campus and the New Mexico Military Institute.

People

Total Population 48,568
Male Share of the Population 48.5%
Female Share of the Population 51.5%
Senior Citizens 14.5%
Employed Population 16+ 20,010
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 44.3%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 18.6%
Median Earnings25+ $28,357
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,690
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,084

Wealth

Median Family Income $48,678
% Above Poverty Level 77.3%
% Below Poverty Level 22.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.7%
% Using Public Transportation 0.7%

Housing

People Living Alone 28.4%
Median Gross Rent $700
Median House Value $97,400

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 63.8%
US/American 0%
English 6.2%
Irish 7.8%

Roswell Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 147 miles NE of Las Cruces, New Mexico (center to center)
Nearest Large City 160 miles NE of El Paso, Texas
County Chaves
Standard Zip Codes 88201, 88203
P.O. Box Zip Codes 88202
Phone Area Codes 505
Time Zone Mountain (-7 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 33.394
Longitude -104.522

Roswell Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station ROSWELL AP
Distance 6.5 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 56 F
Apr Temp 43 to 78 F
Jul Temp 67 to 95 F
Oct Temp 46 to 77 F
Annual Precip 13.3 inches
Station RAMON 8 SW
Distance 59.1 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 51 F
Apr Temp 36 to 70 F
Jul Temp 59 to 89 F
Oct Temp 40 to 71 F
Annual Precip 13.9 inches
Station MALJAMAR 4 SE
Distance 62.2 miles
Jan Temp 25 to 56 F
Apr Temp 43 to 78 F
Jul Temp 64 to 96 F
Oct Temp 46 to 77 F
Annual Precip 16 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Roswell, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Elkins (88201)

Roswell Industrial Air Cente (88201)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dexter 1,510 $47,470
Hagerman 1,158 $34,934

Roswell Public Libraries

Library
Roswell Public Library
301 N. PENNSYLVANIA AVE
Roswell, New Mexico
(505) 622-7101
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Roswell Hospitals

EASTERN NEW MEXICO MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
405 W COUNTRY CLUB RD
(505) 622-8170
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
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Roswell High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

ROSWELL HIGH
500 WEST HOBBS STREET
505-625-8130
Serves 1,326 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

GODDARD HIGH
701 E. COUNTRY CLUB ROAD
505-625-8115
Serves 1,215 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.8

UNIVERSITY HIGH
606 WEST O'CONNOR ROAD
505-625-8245
A Non-traditional School
Serves 219 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.9

CHAVES COUNTY JDC
400 N. VIRGINIA
505-625-8100
A Non-traditional School
Serves 6 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12

Additional Details
Roswell Colleges
Roswell colleges and trade schools.
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Career and College Resources

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