Introduction to Binghamton, New York

Nestled in the southern tier of upstate New York is the city of Binghamton, which serves as the county seat of Broome County. The city is located only a few miles from the Pennsylvania border. Nearest big cities are Elmira (56 miles to the west), Syracuse (73 miles to the north) and Scranton, Pennsylvania (60 miles to the south).

Incorporated as a village in 1834 before becoming a city in 1867, Binghamton was named after William Bingham, a wealthy Philadelphia banker and area landowner of the late 1700s who provided the impetus for the creation of a new village at the meeting of the Susquehanna and Chenango Rivers. One of the most significant developments in the city's history was the evolution of a firm that started in 1889 as the Bundy Manufacturing Company. Initially focused on the production of time clocks, the company went through several mergers and a variety of name changes before the 1914 hiring of Thomas Watson, Sr., under whose corporate leadership the firm changed its name for the final time to International Business Machines. IBM has since become a corporate giant in addition to Binghamton's leading employer. Another major development came about during the Depression era when Binghamton resident Edwin A. Link developed the pilot trainer, or flight simulator. Since that time, Link Aviation and its successor companies have been world leaders in training of pilots, and the associated technology has spawned a bonanza of products on today's markets. Binghamton is also home to Binghamton University, the top ranked university in the New York State University system and a major force in the community in terms of employment, education, athletics, and arts.

Points of Interest in and around Binghamton

Binghamton is often referred to as the "carousel capital of the world." In the 1930s, George F. Johnson, a local manufacturer who was also a great benefactor to the Binghamton area, donated six antique Herschell carousels to local parks. Available for riding at no charge from Memorial Day to Labor Day, all six are now on the New York State Historic Register and the National Register of Historic Places. Binghamton is also home to the Ross Park Zoo, the fifth oldest zoo in the nation. Nearby Vestal, located 10 miles southwest of Binghamton, is home to Kopernik Observatory, the largest public observatory in the northeast. Other Binghamton area attractions include:

  • Rod Serling Museum: Honoring the "Twilight Zone" creator and former Binghamton resident.
  • The Discovery Center of the Southern Tier: A hands on, interactive museum for children and families.
  • Galumpha: A cutting-edge theatrical presentation filled with comedy, dance, food, and audience participation.
  • Roberson Museum and Science Center
  • Cutler Botanic Garden
  • The Art Mission: A non-profit community art center.
  • Hanford Mills Museum
  • North East Classic Car Museum
  • Downtown Binghamton Farmers' Market
  • Binghamton Philharmonic
  • Binghamton University Orchestra

The sports scene in Binghamton is dominated by two professional teams. The Binghamton Mets are a Minor League Baseball franchise playing in the Eastern League. They are the Class-AA affiliate of the New York Mets. Hockey's Binghamton Senators are a team in the American Hockey League (AHL) affiliated with the National Hockey League's Ottawa Senators.


Total Population 46,495
Male Share of the Population 49%
Female Share of the Population 51%
Senior Citizens 16.7%
Employed Population 16+ 18,471
Age of the Population 36


% of people married 29.1%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 23.4%
Median Earnings25+ $26,987
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $17,049
Median Earnings With High School Degree $21,694


Median Family Income $45,327
% Above Poverty Level 66.1%
% Below Poverty Level 33.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 8.2%
% Using Public Transportation 8.6%


People Living Alone 41.6%
Median Gross Rent $657
Median House Value $85,300


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 27.9%
US/American 0.5%
English 8.6%
Irish 20.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Binghamton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 49 miles N of Scranton, Pennsylvania (center to center)
Nearest Large City 130 miles NW of Newark, New Jersey
County Broome
Metro Area Binghamton
Standard Zip Codes 13901, 13903, 13904, 13905
P.O. Box Zip Codes 13902
Phone Area Codes 607
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.098
Longitude -75.918

Binghamton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 7.8 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 28 F
Apr Temp 35 to 53 F
Jul Temp 59 to 78 F
Oct Temp 40 to 57 F
Annual Precip 38.6 inches
Distance 8.5 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 32 F
Apr Temp 33 to 56 F
Jul Temp 57 to 81 F
Oct Temp 37 to 61 F
Annual Precip 38.2 inches
Distance 25 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 32 F
Apr Temp 33 to 58 F
Jul Temp 57 to 81 F
Oct Temp 38 to 61 F
Annual Precip 43.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Binghamton, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Broadacres (13905)

Choconut Center (13905)

Conklin Forks (13903)

Dickinson (13905)

East Vestal (13903)

Glen Castle (13901)

Hawleyton (13903)

Hinmans Corners (13905)

Hospital (13904)

Kattelville (13901)

Nimmonsburg (13901)

Park Terrace (13903)

West Chenango (13905)

West Colesville (13904)

Westview (13905)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Apalachin 1,508 $55,938
Endicott 13,143 $39,736
Endwell 11,445 $75,483

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Binghamton Public Libraries

Broome County Public Library
Binghamton, New York
(607) 778-6400
Library Web Site
Fenton Free Library
Binghamton, New York
(607) 724-8649

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More Information for Librarians

Binghamton Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
(607) 798-5111
Emergency Service: Yes

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Binghamton High Schools

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Serves 1,752 students.

Serves 638 students.

Serves 590 students.

Additional Details
Binghamton Colleges
Binghamton colleges and trade schools.
Study Online in Binghamton
Historic Binghamton


Court house between 1890 and 1901

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Court house between 1890 and 1901

Court house between 1890 and 1901

Security Mutual Life Insurance Company building between 1900 and 1910

Additional Resources
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