Introduction to Canton, New York

Canton, New York, in St. Lawrence County, is 103 miles N of Utica, New York and 219 miles NE of Buffalo, New York.

Canton History

Canton was officially incorporated in 1845. The first permanent settlers arrived in Canton in 1801. Originally known as New Cairo, the village changed its name to Canton sometime around 1807. The village was modernized in the period between 1887 and 1889, with water works, a complete sewage system, and electrical lighting systems all installed in the area during this period. Canton was named after a Chinese city with the same name. Initially, the economy of the village was based on agriculture.

Canton and nearby Attractions

  • Eel Weir State Park
  • Silas Wright Museum
  • Edwards History Center
  • Boldt Castle
  • New York State Zoo at Thompson Park

Things To Do In Canton

The Edwards History Center and the Frederick Remington Art Museum are some of the local museums. Local golfers can enjoy a round at the Partridge Run Golf & Country Club. Eel Weir State Park, located on the Oswegatchie River, offers provisions for recreational activities like fishing, picknicking and camping.

Canton Transportation

Ogdensburg International is the nearest airport.

Canton Higher Education

St. Lawrence University is located in Canton. Other nearby colleges and universities include Clarkson University and Jefferson Community College.


Total Population 11,339
Male Share of the Population 49.8%
Female Share of the Population 50.2%
Senior Citizens 14.2%
Employed Population 16+ 4,088
Age of the Population 28


% of people married 31.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 34.4%
Median Earnings25+ $31,990
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $27,901
Median Earnings With High School Degree $26,055


Median Family Income $61,947
% Above Poverty Level 81.1%
% Below Poverty Level 18.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 7.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 20.4%
% Using Public Transportation 1.8%


People Living Alone 28.2%
Median Gross Rent $780
Median House Value $119,700


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 16.4%
US/American 0%
English 12.9%
Irish 17.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Canton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 103 miles N of Utica, New York (center to center)
Nearest Large City 219 miles NE of Buffalo, New York
County St Lawrence
Standard Zip Codes 13617
Phone Area Codes 315
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 44.595
Longitude -75.169

Canton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station CANTON 4 SE
Distance 4 miles
Jan Temp 4 to 26 F
Apr Temp 32 to 52 F
Jul Temp 58 to 79 F
Oct Temp 35 to 57 F
Annual Precip 37.5 inches
Distance 16.8 miles
Jan Temp 6 to 24 F
Apr Temp 34 to 52 F
Jul Temp 60 to 80 F
Oct Temp 39 to 56 F
Annual Precip 34.7 inches
Station MALONE
Distance 45.5 miles
Jan Temp 4 to 23 F
Apr Temp 31 to 49 F
Jul Temp 57 to 76 F
Oct Temp 36 to 54 F
Annual Precip 37.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Canton, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Bucks Bridge (13617)

Crary Mills (13617)

Eddy (13617)

Langdon Corners (13617)

Morley (13617)

North Russell (13617)

Pierrepont (13617)

West Pierrepont (13617)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Hermon 1,058 $49,063
Heuvelton 798 $66,250
Potsdam 16,263 $71,063

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Canton Public Libraries

Canton Free Library
Canton, New York
(315) 386-3712
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

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Canton High Schools

Serves 536 students.

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