Introduction to Cortland, New York

Cortland, New York, in Cortland county, is 31 miles S of Syracuse, New York and 138 miles E of Buffalo, New York.

Cortland History

Cortland was first settled in by Europeans in 1791. It became the county seat of Cortland County in 1808. The area was incorporated as a village in 1853 and reincorporated as a city in 1900. It is also known as the Crown City.

Cortland and nearby Attractions

  • 1890 House Museum and Center of the Arts
  • Cortland Country Music Park
  • New York State Grange Museum
  • Suggett House Museum
  • Homeville Museum
  • Allan H. Treman State Marine Park

Things To Do In Cortland

Cortland offers a number of recreational facilities. You can visit the Country Music Park, Forest Lake, Lime Hollow Center for Environment and Culture and the Suggett House Museum. You can also visit the 1890 House Museum and Center for Victorian Art, the Victorian gothic home of Chester Wickwire. The Buttermilk Falls State Park, Taughannock Falls State Park and the Robert H. Treman State Park are worth taking a look around. There are also many golf courses in and around Cortland, including Lakeview Golf Club, Fillmore Golf Club, Walden Oaks Country Club, Elm Tree Golf Course and Maple Hill Golf Club.

Cortland Transportation

Syracuse Hancock International is the nearest major airport.

Cortland Higher Education

SUNY College at Cortland is the local college. Cornell University, Ithaca College, Syracuse University, SUNY at Binghamton, Onondaga Community College and Le Moyne College also offer facilities for higher education.


Total Population 19,134
Male Share of the Population 45.6%
Female Share of the Population 54.4%
Senior Citizens 12.8%
Employed Population 16+ 8,757
Age of the Population 28


% of people married 27.4%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 23.4%
Median Earnings25+ $30,699
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,000
Median Earnings With High School Degree $26,638


Median Family Income $55,518
% Above Poverty Level 76%
% Below Poverty Level 24%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 16 minutes
% Working from Home 4.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 15.3%
% Using Public Transportation 1.2%


People Living Alone 41.2%
Median Gross Rent $678
Median House Value $94,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 10.7%
US/American 0%
English 15.6%
Irish 10.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Cortland Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 31 miles S of Syracuse, New York (center to center)
Nearest Large City 138 miles E of Buffalo, New York
County Cortland
Standard Zip Codes 13045
Phone Area Codes 607
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.601
Longitude -76.18

Cortland Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.1 miles
Jan Temp 15 to 31 F
Apr Temp 34 to 54 F
Jul Temp 59 to 81 F
Oct Temp 39 to 59 F
Annual Precip 39.3 inches
Distance 17.2 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 31 F
Apr Temp 33 to 55 F
Jul Temp 57 to 80 F
Oct Temp 37 to 59 F
Annual Precip 36.7 inches
Distance 25.6 miles
Jan Temp 16 to 31 F
Apr Temp 36 to 55 F
Jul Temp 61 to 82 F
Oct Temp 42 to 60 F
Annual Precip 36.9 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Cortland, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Cortlandville (13045)

Virgil (13045)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dryden 14,840 $76,395
Freeville 524 $74,531
Groton 6,097 $63,718

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Cortland Public Libraries

Cortland Free Library
Cortland, New York
(607) 753-1042

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Cortland Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(607) 756-3500
Emergency Service: Yes

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Cortland High Schools

Serves 1,296 students.

Cortland Colleges

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