Introduction to Newburgh, New York
Newburgh is situated along the west bank of the Hudson River in Orange County. The Town of Newburgh is located nearby. The municipality is known for its numerous historical and architectural landmarks. In 2004 the state of New York regarded it as one of the five most stressed cities in the state, based on factors such as households headed by single mothers, unemployment, poverty, abandoned buildings and adults without a high school diploma.
In 1609 Henry Hudson and his party were the first Europeans to explore the region. The first settlement was established in 1709 by a group of German Lutherans, however, by 1750 the community was primarily filled with people of English and Scottish ancestry. In 1752 the community took the name Parish of Newburgh in tribute to Newburgh, Scotland. For a short time, the town had been the headquarters for the Continental Army. Several of the local army officers were involved in the "Newburgh Conspiracy." Their goal was to overthrow the government, however, George Washington was able to convince his army officers to stay dedicated to him.
The city was chartered in 1865. Newburgh became wealthy during the "Gilded Age." It became a major transportation and industrial center due to being well positioned between New York City and Albany. The first Edison power plant in the country was constructed in Newburgh. It was the first city in the nation to be electrified. The significant economic decline during the late 20th Century was primarily due to the industrial companies relocating to other cities.
- The Dutch Reformed Church features Greek Revival architecture.
- East End Historic District is included in the National Register of Historic Places.
- Washington's Headquarters State Historic Site is a National Historic Landmark.
- The Montgomery-Grand-Liberty Streets Historic District includes a large number of historic structures.
- Crawford House includes a noteworthy maritime exhibit.
- The New Windsor Cantonment was the location of a Continental Army camp.
- Mount Gulina Historic Site is a Revolutionary War homestead.
- Downing Park is located on a high plateau and offers scenic views of the city and the countryside.
- Algonquin Park is situated in a naturally beautiful environment.
- The Gallery is a notable venue which showcases the work of regional artists.
- The Hudson Valley Center of Contemporary Art features a variety of exhibits.
- Karpeles Manuscript Museum offers exhibits of original manuscripts and documents from one of the largest private collections in the world.
Activities and Nightlife
Nearby Orange Lake is well known for ice yachting and ice skating races. Chadwick Lake provides opportunities for fishing and ice skating. The Hudson River waterfront offers scenic views. Visitors enjoy the sightseeing cruises along the Hudson River. For nightlife, Monk's House of Jazz features national and local musicians. The popular Pineapple Larry's provides live music in a unique atmosphere.
The city is served by the Stewart International Airport.