Introduction to Newburgh, New York

Newburgh is situated along the west bank of the Hudson River in Orange County. The Town of Newburgh is located nearby. The municipality is known for its numerous historical and architectural landmarks. In 2004 the state of New York regarded it as one of the five most stressed cities in the state, based on factors such as households headed by single mothers, unemployment, poverty, abandoned buildings and adults without a high school diploma.


In 1609 Henry Hudson and his party were the first Europeans to explore the region. The first settlement was established in 1709 by a group of German Lutherans, however, by 1750 the community was primarily filled with people of English and Scottish ancestry. In 1752 the community took the name Parish of Newburgh in tribute to Newburgh, Scotland. For a short time, the town had been the headquarters for the Continental Army. Several of the local army officers were involved in the "Newburgh Conspiracy." Their goal was to overthrow the government, however, George Washington was able to convince his army officers to stay dedicated to him.

The city was chartered in 1865. Newburgh became wealthy during the "Gilded Age." It became a major transportation and industrial center due to being well positioned between New York City and Albany. The first Edison power plant in the country was constructed in Newburgh. It was the first city in the nation to be electrified. The significant economic decline during the late 20th Century was primarily due to the industrial companies relocating to other cities.

Historic Sites

  • The Dutch Reformed Church features Greek Revival architecture.
  • East End Historic District is included in the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Washington's Headquarters State Historic Site is a National Historic Landmark.
  • The Montgomery-Grand-Liberty Streets Historic District includes a large number of historic structures.
  • Crawford House includes a noteworthy maritime exhibit.
  • The New Windsor Cantonment was the location of a Continental Army camp.
  • Mount Gulina Historic Site is a Revolutionary War homestead.


  • Downing Park is located on a high plateau and offers scenic views of the city and the countryside.
  • Algonquin Park is situated in a naturally beautiful environment.
  • The Gallery is a notable venue which showcases the work of regional artists.
  • The Hudson Valley Center of Contemporary Art features a variety of exhibits.
  • Karpeles Manuscript Museum offers exhibits of original manuscripts and documents from one of the largest private collections in the world.

Activities and Nightlife

Nearby Orange Lake is well known for ice yachting and ice skating races. Chadwick Lake provides opportunities for fishing and ice skating. The Hudson River waterfront offers scenic views. Visitors enjoy the sightseeing cruises along the Hudson River. For nightlife, Monk's House of Jazz features national and local musicians. The popular Pineapple Larry's provides live music in a unique atmosphere.


The city is served by the Stewart International Airport.


Total Population 28,614
Male Share of the Population 48.2%
Female Share of the Population 51.8%
Senior Citizens 8.3%
Employed Population 16+ 11,275
Age of the Population 28


% of people married 33.5%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 11.2%
Median Earnings25+ $26,629
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $21,314
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,083


Median Family Income $38,823
% Above Poverty Level 65.6%
% Below Poverty Level 34.4%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 25 minutes
% Working from Home 2.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 10.6%
% Using Public Transportation 6.6%


People Living Alone 28.6%
Median Gross Rent $1,065
Median House Value $172,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 64.7%
US/American 0%
English 2%
Irish 6.1%

Newburgh Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 29 miles W of Danbury, Connecticut (center to center)
Nearest Large City 52 miles N of New York, New York
County Orange
Standard Zip Codes 12550, 12553
P.O. Box Zip Codes 12551, 12552, 12555
Phone Area Codes 845
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.503
Longitude -74.01

Newburgh Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 4.1 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 36 F
Apr Temp 39 to 60 F
Jul Temp 64 to 85 F
Oct Temp 42 to 64 F
Annual Precip 45.7 inches
Distance 8.6 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 35 F
Apr Temp 40 to 60 F
Jul Temp 64 to 85 F
Oct Temp 44 to 62 F
Annual Precip 50.5 inches
Station WALDEN 1 ESE
Distance 8.7 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 34 F
Apr Temp 36 to 58 F
Jul Temp 59 to 83 F
Oct Temp 37 to 62 F
Annual Precip 44.5 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Newburgh, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Mid Hudson (12555)

Town Branch (12550)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Balmville 3,072 $78,200
Beacon 14,437 $78,164

Newburgh Public Libraries

Newburgh Free Library
Newburgh, New York
(845) 563-3600
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Newburgh Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(845) 561-4400
Emergency Service: Yes

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Historic Newburgh


Court House c1906.

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Court House c1906.

Palatine Hotel and Grant St. c1906.

Post Office and Second St. c1906.

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