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Overview

The City of Plattsburgh is located at the mouth of the Saranac River on the western shore of Lake Champlain. It is situated 150 miles north of Albany, New York, 63 miles south of Montreal, Canada and 17 miles northwest of Burlington, Vermont. Plattsburgh is rich in history owing to its strategic location on Lake Champlain. Besides the lake's significant recreational opportunities including boating and fishing, Plattsburgh is an eastern gateway to the enormous Adirondack Park with its hiking, camping, skiing and myriad of wilderness activities.

History

In 1766 a grant of some 30,000 acres near the mouth of the Saranac River to Count Charles de Fredenburgh brought the first settlement to the area. The American Revolution forced de Fredenburgh to flee to Canada. Lake Champlain's strategic location as a gateway from Canada to the middle of the colonies put it at the center of several conflicts including the seizure of Fort Ticonderoga, the Battle of Lake Champlain at Valcour Island and General John Burgoyne's encampment on Cumberland Head as he moved south down the lakes to Crown Point, Ticonderoga and ultimate defeat at Saratoga.

Settlement of the region became rapid and permanent following the American Revolution . The rights to the old Fredenburgh grant were purchased in 1784 by Zepheniah Platt and others. Plattsburgh was founded in 1785, and by 1810 the population had increased to 3,112 individuals.

At the outbreak of the War of 1812, Lake Champlain's importance again came to the fore as an invasion route from Canada to strike into the heart of the U.S. and split the country in two. On September 11, 1814. Plattsburgh Bay was the site of a battle that changed the course of the war when a fleet under the command of Commodore Thomas Macdonough defeated the larger and better armed British fleet under the command of Captain G. Downey. With the loss of the British fleet, the invasion force of at least 11,000 well-appointed British troops commanded by the Governor-general of Lower Canada, Sir George Prevost, withdrew back to Canada.

Plattsburgh continued to grow throughout the 19th century, becoming a transportation and manufacturing center for the region. Following the Battle of Plattsburgh, the Plattsburgh Barracks army base was established and operated continuously until the late 1990s when Plattsburgh Air Force Base was closed by the government.

College Community

In 1889, the New York Legislature authorized establishment of Plattsburgh Normal School as a training school for teachers and nurses. In 1948 it was renamed SUNY Plattsburgh when it joined the State University of New York system. Plattsburgh State University remains an integral part of the Plattsburgh community to this day with an undergraduate enrollment of 5,400. The Plattsburgh area is also home to Clinton Community College offering two-year degrees and certificates in a variety of programs.

Economic Growth

Economic growth in the Plattsburgh area has become more focused on the city's location as one of the prime gateways between the U.S. and Canada and the Quebec-New York Corridor. The region is attracting growing numbers of manufacturers, assembly operations, distribution services and warehouses, particularly with companies looking to bridge the U.S.-Canada connection.

People

Total Population 19,845
Male Share of the Population 47.5%
Female Share of the Population 52.5%
Senior Citizens 14.7%
Employed Population 16+ 8,768
Age of the Population 29

Families

% of people married 28.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 31.5%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0

Wealth

Median Family Income $52,407
% Above Poverty Level 74.7%
% Below Poverty Level 25.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 14 minutes
% Working from Home 1.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 14.3%
% Using Public Transportation 1.7%

Housing

People Living Alone 36.8%
Median Gross Rent $747
Median House Value $142,900

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 18%
US/American 0.1%
English 8.6%
Irish 19.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Plattsburgh Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 132 miles N of Schenectady, New York (center to center)
Nearest Large City 201 miles NW of Boston, Massachusetts
County Clinton
Standard Zip Codes 12901, 12903
Phone Area Codes 518
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 44.699
Longitude -73.453

Plattsburgh Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station PLATTSBURGH AFB
Distance 3.5 miles
Jan Temp 8 to 26 F
Apr Temp 34 to 53 F
Jul Temp 60 to 80 F
Oct Temp 38 to 56 F
Annual Precip 34.4 inches
Station CHAZY
Distance 12.8 miles
Jan Temp 5 to 27 F
Apr Temp 32 to 54 F
Jul Temp 58 to 80 F
Oct Temp 37 to 57 F
Annual Precip 30.2 inches
Station ST ALBANS RADIO
Distance 19.9 miles
Jan Temp 6 to 25 F
Apr Temp 33 to 51 F
Jul Temp 60 to 79 F
Oct Temp 38 to 56 F
Annual Precip 36 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Plattsburgh, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Beekmantown (12901)

South Plattsburgh (12901)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Keeseville 1,776 $44,079

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Plattsburgh Public Libraries

Library
Plattsburgh Public Library
19 OAK STREET
Plattsburgh, New York
(518) 563-0921

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More Information for Librarians

Plattsburgh Hospitals

CHAMPLAIN VALLEY PHYSICIANS HOSPITAL MEDICAL CENTE
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
75 BEEKMAN STREET
(518) 561-2000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Plattsburgh High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

PLATTSBURGH SHS
1 CLIFFORD DR STE 102
518-561-7500
Serves 733 students.

BEEKMANTOWN HS
6944 RT 22
518-563-8787
Serves 645 students.

Additional Details
Plattsburgh Colleges
Plattsburgh colleges and trade schools.
Study Online in Plattsburgh
Historic Plattsburgh

photo

Fouquet House and D. & H. R.R. station c1904.

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Fouquet House and D. & H. R.R. station c1904.

Fouquet House and D. & H. R.R. Delaware & Hudson Railroad station c1904.

Court House and park c1904.

Additional Resources
Info for Plattsburgh Government Officials


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