Introduction to Salamanca, New York

Salamanca, New York, in Cattaraugus county, is 51 miles S of Buffalo, New York.

Salamanca History

Encompassed by the Town of Salamanca, this city is built on land leased from an Indian reservation. The city was initially called "Bucktooth", which was derived from the name of an early settler. The current name honors an investor in the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad, Don Jo’s de Salamanca, who was also a Spanish marquess. Before the railroads arrived, Salamanca was largely supported by the lumber industry. In 1870, the community was declared a village and was officially incorporated as the City of Salamanca in 1909.

Salamanca and Nearby Attractions

  • Salamanca Rail Museum
  • Mount Morris Dam
  • Kinzua Bridge State Park
  • Seneca-Iroquois National Museum
  • Arcade & Attica Railroad
  • Allegany State Park

Things To Do In Salamanca

Local festivals celebrated in Salamanca include the Winter Funfest, the Falling Leaves Festival, and the Indian Foods Dinner. The Mount Morris Dam, located in the Genesee River gorge, is a popular destination. Salamanca Rail Museum and the Seneca-Iroquois National Museum are well known museums nearby. Allegany State Park, the largest state park in New York, is also a famous snowmobiling area. Other parks nearby are Letchworth State Park, Evangola State Park, and Lake Erie State Park.

Salamanca Transportation

Buffalo Niagara International Airport is a major airport near Salamanca.

Salamanca Higher Education

Saint Bonaventure University, Jamestown Community College, Houghton College, and University of Pittsburgh - Bradford.


Total Population 5,686
Male Share of the Population 47.2%
Female Share of the Population 52.8%
Senior Citizens 14%
Employed Population 16+ 2,035
Age of the Population 34


% of people married 36.7%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 13%
Median Earnings25+ $24,922
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,602
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,343


Median Family Income $36,028
% Above Poverty Level 71.9%
% Below Poverty Level 28.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 2.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 5.3%
% Using Public Transportation 0.5%


People Living Alone 35.1%
Median Gross Rent $611
Median House Value $64,500


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 25.1%
US/American 0%
English 7.1%
Irish 16.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Salamanca Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 51 miles S of Buffalo, New York
County Cattaraugus
Standard Zip Codes 14779
Phone Area Codes 716
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.157
Longitude -78.715

Salamanca Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 4.4 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 30 F
Apr Temp 31 to 54 F
Jul Temp 54 to 78 F
Oct Temp 37 to 58 F
Annual Precip 45.2 inches
Distance 8.2 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 29 F
Apr Temp 31 to 53 F
Jul Temp 55 to 78 F
Oct Temp 37 to 57 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches
Distance 17.6 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 30 F
Apr Temp 30 to 54 F
Jul Temp 54 to 78 F
Oct Temp 35 to 58 F
Annual Precip 41.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
East Randolph 588 $26,944

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Salamanca Public Libraries

Salamanca Public Library
Salamanca, New York
(716) 945-1890
Library Web Site
Seneca Nation Library
Salamanca, New York
(716) 945-3157

library logo

More Information for Librarians

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Salamanca High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

A Title I School.
Serves 398 students.

A Non-traditional School
Serves 20 students.

Study Online in Salamanca

Career and College Resources

Real-World Career Reports
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Info for Salamanca Government Officials

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