Introduction to Salamanca, New York

Salamanca, New York, in Cattaraugus county, is 51 miles S of Buffalo, New York.

Salamanca History

Encompassed by the Town of Salamanca, this city is built on land leased from an Indian reservation. The city was initially called "Bucktooth", which was derived from the name of an early settler. The current name honors an investor in the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad, Don Jo’s de Salamanca, who was also a Spanish marquess. Before the railroads arrived, Salamanca was largely supported by the lumber industry. In 1870, the community was declared a village and was officially incorporated as the City of Salamanca in 1909.

Salamanca and Nearby Attractions

  • Salamanca Rail Museum
  • Mount Morris Dam
  • Kinzua Bridge State Park
  • Seneca-Iroquois National Museum
  • Arcade & Attica Railroad
  • Allegany State Park

Things To Do In Salamanca

Local festivals celebrated in Salamanca include the Winter Funfest, the Falling Leaves Festival, and the Indian Foods Dinner. The Mount Morris Dam, located in the Genesee River gorge, is a popular destination. Salamanca Rail Museum and the Seneca-Iroquois National Museum are well known museums nearby. Allegany State Park, the largest state park in New York, is also a famous snowmobiling area. Other parks nearby are Letchworth State Park, Evangola State Park, and Lake Erie State Park.

Salamanca Transportation

Buffalo Niagara International Airport is a major airport near Salamanca.

Salamanca Higher Education

Saint Bonaventure University, Jamestown Community College, Houghton College, and University of Pittsburgh - Bradford.


Total Population 5,686
Male Share of the Population 47.2%
Female Share of the Population 52.8%
Senior Citizens 14%
Employed Population 16+ 2,035
Age of the Population 34


% of people married 36.7%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 13%
Median Earnings25+ $24,922
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,602
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,343


Median Family Income $36,028
% Above Poverty Level 71.9%
% Below Poverty Level 28.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 2.4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 5.3%
% Using Public Transportation 0.5%


People Living Alone 35.1%
Median Gross Rent $611
Median House Value $64,500


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 25.1%
US/American 0%
English 7.1%
Irish 16.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Salamanca Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 51 miles S of Buffalo, New York
County Cattaraugus
Standard Zip Codes 14779
Phone Area Codes 716
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.157
Longitude -78.715

Salamanca Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 4.4 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 30 F
Apr Temp 31 to 54 F
Jul Temp 54 to 78 F
Oct Temp 37 to 58 F
Annual Precip 45.2 inches
Distance 8.2 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 29 F
Apr Temp 31 to 53 F
Jul Temp 55 to 78 F
Oct Temp 37 to 57 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches
Distance 17.6 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 30 F
Apr Temp 30 to 54 F
Jul Temp 54 to 78 F
Oct Temp 35 to 58 F
Annual Precip 41.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
East Randolph 588 $26,944

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Salamanca Public Libraries

Salamanca Public Library
Salamanca, New York
(716) 945-1890
Library Web Site
Seneca Nation Library
Salamanca, New York
(716) 945-3157

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Click the Visit School Site buttons to go directly to a school's website and learn more about the school and programs it has to offer. School website will open in a new tab.
Click the Request Info buttons to request more information from a representative at the school.

Results:  5
Matching School Ads
  • MSN - Family Nurse Practitioner
  • RN to MSN - Family Nurse Practitioner

Nursing@Simmons, the innovative, online nursing degree program from Simmons School of Nursing and Health Sciences prepares Registered Nurses for the next stage of their careers.

You need to have a Bachelor’s degree and RN license to be qualified for this school.

UNC Kenan-Flagler is one of the world's top-ranked business schools. At UNC Kenan-Flagler, you develop the skills that make you a highly effective leader and prepare you for long-term career success. The strength of the UNC Kenan-Flagler MBA degree comes from a school culture in which members live the business school's core values of excellence, leadership, teamwork, integrity and community.
  • Master of Science in Applied Psychology - Community Psychology
  • MSN - Clinical Nurse Leader
  • Master of Science in Applied Psychology - Industrial Organizational Psychology

Sacred Heart University Online is an affordable and convenient way to earn a degree online from a university ranked among America’s best colleges. Experience Sacred Heart’s signature core values and degree programs based on interactive personal attention, small classes, and rigorous academics offer students a unique life platform for career advancement and personal fulfillment.

  • Master of Public Administration Online
  • Master of Arts in International Relations Online
  • Master of Civil Engineering Online
  • Study at a university accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, Inc.
  • Immediately apply what you’re learning to current workplace challenges
  • Experience the convenience and flexibility of online learning—access coursework 24/7
  • Take advantage of four start dates per year
  • Benefit from no required GRE/GMAT 
  • Enjoy small class sizes and students from diverse backgrounds
  • Earn your degree from a respected institution in as few as 18 months
  • Bachelors in Business Management
  • MS - Teaching and Learning
  • Graduate Specialization - Accounting
  • The first and only 100% online, fully accredited public university in the United States
  • No set class times or locations
  • Affordable tuition, guaranteed not to increase as long as you are enrolled
  • Accelerated eight-week terms
  • Classes start every month

Salamanca High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

A Title I School.
Serves 398 students.

A Non-traditional School
Serves 20 students.

Study Online in Salamanca
Additional Resources
Info for Salamanca Government Officials

Are you an official in the Salamanca government or quasi-government agency such as the chamber of commerce, visitors bureau or economic development council? If so, visit our information page for government officials to see how CityTownInfo can support you.

Back to Top