Introduction to Oxford, North Carolina

Oxford, North Carolina is 27 miles NE of Durham, North Carolina (center to center) and 37 miles N of Raleigh, Carolina. Located in Granville county, the city has a population of 8,338.

Oxford History

Many Native Indian tribes, including the Tuscaroras, have inhabited this region. Attracted by the rich land and well-watered wood, settlers from Virginia arrived in 1711. In 1761, local legislator Samuel Benton established a plantaion home and named it "Oxford". The area around this plantation became the county seat of Granville County. The community acquired the name of Benton's plantation, and the city of Oxford was incorporated in 1816. St. John's College, established in 1858, eventually became the United States' first Masonic orphanage. The world's second largest zipper manufacturer, IDEAL Fastener Corporation, is headquartered in Oxford. The city is also home to organizations like Revlon, Bridgestone Bandag Tire Solutions, and Certainteed.

Oxford and Nearby Attractions

  • North Carolina Museum of Life and Science
  • Duke Homestead State Historic Site
  • Kerr Lake State Recreation Area
  • Granville County Museum
  • J.C. Raulston Arboretum

Things To Do In Oxford

Granville County Museum, located in Oxford features rotating exhibits reflecting the region's science, art, history, and culture. North Carolina Museum of Life and Science is also nearby. Duke Homestead State Historic Site, which was the farmhouse of Washington Duke and his son James Buchanan Duke, is a place of historic interest in the area. The Dukes founded a tobacco factory which later became the American Tobacco Company. Visitors can enjoy boating, camping, swimming, hiking, fishing, and picnicking at the Kerr Lake State Recreation Area. J.C. Raulston Arboretum is another popular place to visit.

Oxford Transportation

Raleigh - Durham International Airport is the closest major airport.

Oxford Higher Education

Colleges near Oxford are Vance - Granville Community College, Durham Technical Community College, Duke University, and North Carolina Central University.


Total Population 8,650
Male Share of the Population 45.8%
Female Share of the Population 54.2%
Senior Citizens 18.9%
Employed Population 16+ 2,952
Age of the Population 44


% of people married 35%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 18.4%
Median Earnings25+ $32,806
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,125
Median Earnings With High School Degree $26,191


Median Family Income $48,800
% Above Poverty Level 73.4%
% Below Poverty Level 26.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 22 minutes
% Working from Home 2.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.6%
% Using Public Transportation 0.1%


People Living Alone 35.4%
Median Gross Rent $730
Median House Value $133,100


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 53.9%
US/American 0.3%
English 7.2%
Irish 4.3%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Oxford Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 27 miles NE of Durham, North Carolina (center to center)
Nearest Large City 37 miles N of Raleigh, North Carolina
County Granville
Standard Zip Codes 27565
Phone Area Codes 919
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 36.31
Longitude -78.591

Oxford Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station OXFORD 1 E
Distance 1.6 miles
Jan Temp 28 to 48 F
Apr Temp 43 to 70 F
Jul Temp 67 to 89 F
Oct Temp 46 to 71 F
Annual Precip 45.5 inches
Distance 16.5 miles
Jan Temp 26 to 48 F
Apr Temp 43 to 70 F
Jul Temp 65 to 88 F
Oct Temp 44 to 70 F
Annual Precip 46.6 inches
Distance 21.8 miles
Jan Temp 25 to 51 F
Apr Temp 42 to 73 F
Jul Temp 65 to 90 F
Oct Temp 42 to 73 F
Annual Precip 47.5 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Creedmoor 4,289 $74,276
Franklinton 2,319 $42,554
Henderson 15,311 $31,184
Kittrell 284 $31,250
Stem 859 $68,750
Stovall 388 $39,375

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Oxford Public Libraries

Granville County Library System
Oxford, North Carolina
(919) 693-1121
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Oxford Hospitals

(Government - Local)
(919) 690-3000
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Oxford High Schools

Serves 1,266 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.2

Study Online in Oxford

Career and College Resources

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Info for Oxford Government Officials

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