Union, Ohio

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Union, Ohio

Introduction to Union, Ohio

Union, Ohio is 11 miles NW of Dayton, Ohio (center to center) and 51 miles N of Cincinnati, Ohio. It is in Montgomery county. The city, which is part of the Dayton - Springfield metro area, has a population of 5,574.

Union History

The first settlers, who arrived in the late 1700s, established an agricultural community in 1806. Daniel Razor and David Hoover named the area "Union" in 1816. Union soon had numerous budding commercial businesses. The turbine wheel was first created in this city. In the mid-1800s, the Dayton-Covington-Piqua Toll Road was established, and Union was incorporated as a city in 1982. It is now part of Montgomery and Miami Counties.

Union and Nearby Attractions

  • Sunwatch Prehistoric Indian Village
  • Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park
  • Aullwood Audubon Center & Farm
  • Piqua Historical Area
  • Englewood MetroPark
  • Cox Arboretum & Gardens Metropark

Things To Do In Union

The interactive science museum, Boonshoft Museum of Discovery, was created by the merger of the Children's Museum of Dayton, and the Dayton Museum of Natural History. Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park, which commemorates the legacy of Orville Wright, Wilbur Wright, and Paul Laurence Dunbar, is close to Union. The city also offers easy access to the Troy-Hayner Cultural Center, Trapshooting Hall of Fame, Piqua Historical Area, Sunwatch Prehistoric Indian Village, Fort Jefferson, and Aullwood Audubon Center & Farm. The 1,700-acre Englewood MetroPark provides amenities for horseback riding, hiking, fishing, picnicking, and canoeing. Cox Arboretum & Gardens Metropark, and Splash Moraine water park are other popular places to visit in the area.

Union Transportation

James M Cox Dayton International Airport is the nearest major airport.

Union Higher Education

Colleges close to Union are Sinclair Community College, University of Dayton, and Wright State University.

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High Points

Union strengths, compared to Peers (similar size places nationally) or State (other places in Ohio):

Category Trophy
Low Rate of Poverty
(vs. Peers)
Top 17% Union Low Rate of Poverty

Comparative Profile of Union, Ohio

Comparing Union to similar size places nationwide (Peers) and to other places in Ohio (State):

Ratings range from 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest).

The People

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Children Under 5 Years Old 8 8
Well-Paid Single Women 6 7
Male Share of the Population 6 6
Well-Paid Single Men 6 7
Female Share of the Population 5 5
Age of the Population 3 3
Racial Diversity 2 6
Senior Citizens 2 1


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Portion of People Married 8 9
Average Household Size 8 9


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
People Above Poverty 9 9
People in Middle Class or Better 8 9
Median Family Income 7 8
College Educated Adults 3 6

Commute & Sprawl

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Public Transportation Use 6 7
Short Commute Times 5 4
Working at Home 4 6
Walking and Biking to Work 3 5


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Housing Recently Built 8 10
Affordability of Property Taxes 5 2
Affordability of Rents 4 2
Seasonal and Vacation Housing 4 4
People Living Alone 3 2
Studio & One-Bedroom Rentals 1 2

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Union Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 11 miles NW of Dayton, Ohio (center to center)
Nearest Large City 51 miles N of Cincinnati, Ohio
County Montgomery
Metro Area Dayton - Springfield
Standard Zip Codes 45322
Phone Area Codes 937
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.897
Longitude -84.306

Union Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)
Distance 4.8 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 34 F
Apr Temp 40 to 61 F
Jul Temp 64 to 84 F
Oct Temp 44 to 64 F
Annual Precip 39.5 inches
Distance 11.2 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 35 F
Apr Temp 42 to 63 F
Jul Temp 67 to 87 F
Oct Temp 45 to 66 F
Annual Precip 39.4 inches
Distance 24.1 miles
Jan Temp 18 to 37 F
Apr Temp 39 to 64 F
Jul Temp 62 to 86 F
Oct Temp 40 to 67 F
Annual Precip 39.5 inches
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Union Population (2000)

Category Count Percent
Total Population 5,574 100%
Male 2,685 48.2%
Female 2,889 51.8%
Under 18 1,601 28.7%
18+ 3,973 71.3%
65+ 440 7.9%
Median Age 34.3
Average Family Size 3.05
White 5,400 96.9%
African-American 51 0.9%
Asian 20 0.4%
American Indian & Alaskan 8 0.1%
Other 20 0.4%
Mixed Race 74 1.3%
Hispanic (included in categories above) 66 1.2%

Estimated Union Population Growth 2000-2005

Category Value
Est. 2005 Population 5,920
Growth 346
Growth % 6.2%

Union Ancestry

(From 2000 Census, as reported by individuals)

Note: This is national, not racial, ancestry, so, e.g., the Census doesn't have categories for Hispanic and African-American people. CityTownInfo is currently gathering additional ancestry data for this site.
Ancestry Percent
German 34.5%
US/American 19.6%
Irish 11.9%
English 11.2%
Other (often includes Hispanic and African American) 9.6%
Italian 3.9%
Scottish 1.7%
Scotch-Irish 1.2%
Dutch 1.1%
Hungarian 1.1%
European 0.9%
Swedish 0.8%
French (except Basque) 0.5%
Welsh 0.5%
Polish 0.4%
Czechoslovakian 0.3%
African 0.2%
Czech 0.2%
Norwegian 0.2%
Slovak 0.2%
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Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Pop. Median Family
Income (2000)
Union 5,574 $55,139
Brookville 5,289 $48,068
Clayton 13,347 $67,250
Englewood 12,235 $60,978
Phillipsburg 628 $47,969
Vandalia 14,603 $55,270
West Milton 4,645 $45,847
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Featured Colleges in the Union Area (QuickSchools™)

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  • Degrees: Master, Bachelor

Penn Foster College

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  • Programs: Veterinary Technician (Associate)
  • Degrees: Associate

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Union Colleges

(List of Ohio Colleges)

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