Introduction to Pendleton, Oregon

Pendleton, Oregon, in Umatilla county, is 40 miles SE of Kennewick, Washington and 188 miles E of Portland, Oregon. The city contains a population of approximately 16,354.

Pendleton History

A trading post was established in the area now known as Pendleton by Dr. William C. McKay in 1851. The post office was established in 1865 was named Marshall, but the name was later changed to Pendleton. Pendleton was incorporated as a city in 1880. Pendleton Woolen Mills was founded in 1893 and is known all over the world as a manufacturer of fine men's plaid shirts and Indian trading blankets. From the 1880s to 1920s, Pendleton had a prospering Chinatown.

Pendleton and nearby Attractions

  • Children’s Museum of Eastern Oregon
  • Emigrant Springs State Heritage Area
  • Aldrich Park
  • John Murray Park

Things To Do In Pendleton

The Children’s Museum of Eastern Oregon offers various recreational opportunities. The historical sites and museums that can be visited from Pendleton include the Umatilla County Historical Society Museum, the Tam’stslikt Cultural Institute Museum and the Emigrant Springs State Heritage Area. The Aldrich Park, Pioneer Park and Till Taylor Park are all in the area as well. Local celebrations include the Wildhorse Pow-wow and the Pendleton Round-Up.

Pendleton Transportation

The nearest airport is the Eastern Oregon Regional Airport at Pendleton.

Pendleton Higher Education

Blue Mountain Community College is located in the city. Other colleges and universities near the city include Columbia Basin College, Washington State University, Eastern Oregon University and Walla Walla Community College.


Total Population 16,830
Male Share of the Population 51.9%
Female Share of the Population 48.1%
Senior Citizens 13.7%
Employed Population 16+ 6,968
Age of the Population 39


% of people married 46.2%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 19.3%
Median Earnings25+ $29,342
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $21,484
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,246


Median Family Income $61,512
% Above Poverty Level 85.7%
% Below Poverty Level 14.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 14 minutes
% Working from Home 2.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 6.5%
% Using Public Transportation 0.2%


People Living Alone 33.6%
Median Gross Rent $648
Median House Value $150,500


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 24.6%
US/American 0%
English 12.4%
Irish 12.5%

Pendleton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 40 miles SE of Kennewick, Washington (center to center)
Nearest Large City 188 miles E of Portland, Oregon
County Umatilla
Standard Zip Codes 97801
Phone Area Codes 541
Time Zone Pacific (-8 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 45.672
Longitude -118.787

Pendleton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.7 miles
Jan Temp 25 to 42 F
Apr Temp 38 to 64 F
Jul Temp 54 to 89 F
Oct Temp 35 to 66 F
Annual Precip 13.9 inches
Distance 8.1 miles
Jan Temp 26 to 41 F
Apr Temp 36 to 62 F
Jul Temp 52 to 88 F
Oct Temp 35 to 65 F
Annual Precip 17.5 inches
Distance 13.3 miles
Jan Temp 26 to 43 F
Apr Temp 37 to 63 F
Jul Temp 52 to 88 F
Oct Temp 37 to 66 F
Annual Precip 14.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Adams 356 $88,000
Athena 1,053 $52,250
Echo 690 $52,679
Helix 196 $52,500
Pilot Rock 1,607 $55,272
Weston 631 $60,833

Pendleton Public Libraries

Pendleton Public Library
Pendleton, Oregon
(541) 966-0380

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Pendleton High Schools

Serves 989 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19.8

Pendleton Colleges

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