Introduction to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania

Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in Franklin county, is 38 miles N of Frederick, Maryland (center to center) and 70 miles NW of Baltimore, Maryland. The town contains a population of approximately 17,862.

Chambersburg History

The Iroquois, Lenape and Shawnee tribes of Native Americans were the original inhabitants of this region. Benjamin Chambers and his brother arrived in 1730 and founded the community of Chambersburg. He established a saw mill and a grist mill in the region which was known as "Falling Spring" at that time. To protect against the Indians, residents formed a militia in 1748, and Benjamin Chambers became its colonel. Chambersburg was officially laid out in 1764 by Colonel Chambers, and was incorporated in 1803. Chambersburg played an important role in many battles of the French and Indian War, Revolutionary War, and the American Civil War.

Chambersburg and Nearby Attractions

  • Rockhill Trolley Museum
  • Antietam National Battlefield
  • Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
  • Catoctin Wildlife Preserve & Zoo
  • Caledonia State Park

Things To Do In Chambersburg

Chambersburg offers easy access to several sites of historic interest, including the Eisenhower National Historic Site, Monocacy National Battlefield, Gettysburg National Military Park, Antietam National Battlefield, and Baker Mansion. Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park, where a canal was in operation from the 1820s to the 1920s, now features lockhouses, locks, and aqueducts. The towpath is presently used as a recreational trail. The Rockhill Trolley Museum displays numerous 19th and 20th century trolley cars. Visitors also have the opportunity to ride a demo railway in the museum. Among other popular destinations nearby are Catoctin Wildlife Preserve & Zoo, Wildriver Waterpark, Lincoln Caverns, and Williams Grove Amusement Park. The community also hosts annual events like the Franklin County Fair, ChambersFest, and Apple Fest.

Chambersburg Transportation

Franklin County Regional Airport is the closest major airport.

Chambersburg Higher Education

Chambersburg is home to the Wilson College. Other colleges nearby include the Mount Saint Mary's College, Penn State Mont Alto, and Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania.


Total Population 20,519
Male Share of the Population 45.6%
Female Share of the Population 54.4%
Senior Citizens 16.9%
Employed Population 16+ 8,486
Age of the Population 36


% of people married 41.5%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 22.3%
Median Earnings25+ $30,805
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $19,577
Median Earnings With High School Degree $28,202


Median Family Income $49,522
% Above Poverty Level 77.7%
% Below Poverty Level 22.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 6.2%
% Using Public Transportation 0.6%


People Living Alone 34.5%
Median Gross Rent $776
Median House Value $157,300


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 33.2%
US/American 0.1%
English 6.7%
Irish 13.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Chambersburg Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 38 miles N of Frederick, Maryland (center to center)
Nearest Large City 70 miles NW of Baltimore, Maryland
County Franklin
Standard Zip Codes 17201
Phone Area Codes 717
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.937
Longitude -77.661

Chambersburg Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.5 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 37 F
Apr Temp 39 to 63 F
Jul Temp 62 to 85 F
Oct Temp 41 to 65 F
Annual Precip 41.5 inches
Distance 14.6 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 39 F
Apr Temp 39 to 65 F
Jul Temp 61 to 87 F
Oct Temp 39 to 66 F
Annual Precip 42.5 inches
Distance 21.8 miles
Jan Temp 17 to 36 F
Apr Temp 37 to 61 F
Jul Temp 62 to 84 F
Oct Temp 40 to 64 F
Annual Precip 44 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Chambersburg, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Aqua (17201)

Beautiful (17201)

Cheesetown (17201)

Clay Hill (17201)

Duffield (17201)

Franklin Furn (17201)

Greenvillage (17201)

Housum (17201)

Jackson Hall (17201)

Kauffman (17201)

Kerrstown (17201)

New Franklin (17201)

Nyesville (17201)

Pond Bank (17201)

Red Bridge (17201)

Stoufferstown (17201)

Sunbeam (17201)

Turkeyfoot (17201)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Greencastle 4,031 $66,168

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Chambersburg Public Libraries

Coyle Free Library
Chambersburg, Pennsylvania
(717) 263-1054
Franklin County Library System
Chambersburg, Pennsylvania
(717) 709-0282
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Chambersburg Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(717) 267-3000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Chambersburg High Schools

Serves 1,760 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.3

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