Introduction to Scranton, Pennsylvania

Scranton is located in Lackawanna County in the northeastern portion of Pennsylvania. It's the biggest city in a group of neighboring municipalities that were formerly coal mining communities. In 1866 Scranton was incorporated as a city. The Green Ridge and the Hill Section of Scranton feature the mansions constructed by former coal entrepreneurs.


The area of Scranton was settled by pioneers from New England during the late 1700's. In the middle of the 1800's the iron and steel industries caused significant growth in the Scranton area. In 1851 the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad was established to move iron products as well as coal out of the Lackawanna Valley. The borough of Scranton was incorporated in 1856 and took its name in recognition of the brothers Seldon and George Scranton who began their industrial careers by producing T-rails for the railroads and helped to transform Scranton into a significant industrial area. In 1886 Scranton became home to the country's first successful continuously working electric streetcar system.

The city became known as "the Electric City." In 1890 an additional three other railroads had built systems to transport the vast quantity of coal located in the area. Due to the decreased supply of the region's iron ore the Lackawanna Steel Company moved out of Scranton and the city no longer had the industry that established the city. Scranton then became the center of the coal industry in the state of Pennsylvania. The production of coal and railroad traffic decreased significantly during the 1950's.


The County of Lackawanna Transit System offers bus services for the city. The Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport is situated in neighboring Avoca. Martz Trailways and Greyhound Lines offer bus transportation to cities located in the Northeast.


There are numerous attractions in the Scranton area including:

  • The Steamtown National Historic Site
  • The Everhart Museum
  • The Scranton Iron Furnaces
  • The Basilica of the National Shrine of St. Ann
  • The Houdini Museum
  • The Electric City Trolley Museum
  • Nay Aug Park
  • Scranton Cultural Center at the Masonic Temple

Higher Education

The University of Scranton is a Jesuit University. The university is comprised of four colleges; The Panuska College of Professional Studies, The College of Arts and Sciences, The Kania School of Management and The College of Graduate and Continuing Education. Other colleges in the area include:

  • Lackawanna College
  • Keystone College
  • Penn State Worthington Scranton Campus
  • Marywood University
  • Johnson College


Total Population 76,064
Male Share of the Population 48%
Female Share of the Population 52%
Senior Citizens 16.8%
Employed Population 16+ 31,909
Age of the Population 37


% of people married 36.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 20.9%
Median Earnings25+ $30,069
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,619
Median Earnings With High School Degree $25,191


Median Family Income $49,351
% Above Poverty Level 77.9%
% Below Poverty Level 22.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 2.5%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7.2%
% Using Public Transportation 2.3%


People Living Alone 35.7%
Median Gross Rent $709
Median House Value $103,700


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 23.1%
US/American 0%
English 5.7%
Irish 27.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Scranton Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 90 miles NW of Newark, New Jersey
County Lackawanna
Metro Area Scranton - - Wilkes - Barre - - Hazleton
Standard Zip Codes 18503, 18504, 18505, 18507, 18508, 18509, 18510, 18512, 18515, 18517, 18518, 18519
P.O. Box Zip Codes 18501, 18502
Company Zip Codes 18514, 18522, 18540, 18577
Phone Area Codes 570
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 41.408
Longitude -75.662

Scranton Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 6.4 miles
Jan Temp 19 to 34 F
Apr Temp 38 to 59 F
Jul Temp 62 to 83 F
Oct Temp 42 to 61 F
Annual Precip 37.5 inches
Distance 25 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 28 F
Apr Temp 31 to 52 F
Jul Temp 54 to 76 F
Oct Temp 34 to 56 F
Annual Precip 48.8 inches
Station HAWLEY 1 E
Distance 26.2 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 34 F
Apr Temp 33 to 57 F
Jul Temp 57 to 80 F
Oct Temp 36 to 61 F
Annual Precip 41.6 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dunmore 13,810 $69,265

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Scranton Public Libraries

Scranton Public Library
Scranton, Pennsylvania
(570) 348-3000
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Scranton Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
(570) 348-7100
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(570) 969-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(717) 963-2100
Emergency Service: Yes

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Scranton High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 1,847 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

Title I eligible, not participating.
Serves 906 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.2

A Special Education School
A Title I School.
Serves 104 students.

Additional Details
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Scranton career and employment information.
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Scranton colleges and trade schools.
Scranton Graduate Schools
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Study Online in Scranton
Historic Scranton


Municipal building) between 1890 and 1901

Select a photo to view (Source):

Municipal building) between 1890 and 1901

Presbyterian Church i.e. (Methodist Episcopal) between 1890 and 1901

Moses Taylor Hospital between 1900 and 1906

Additional Resources
Info for Scranton Government Officials

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