Introduction to York, Pennsylvania

York is situated in the south-central portion of Pennsylvania in York County. The city was a major factor in the Revolutionary history of the United States. The town is known as the "White Rose City," named after the Wars of the Roses. Unique architecture from the colonial era and huge gothic churches are situated in the city.


The town was established in 1741 by settlers arriving from Philadelphia. The name of the city was taken from York, England. In 1887 the area was incorporated as a city. York was a temporary capital during the American Revolutionary War for the Continental Congress. The Articles of Confederation were written and adopted in the town yet they were not ratified until a later time. During the Civil War, the York U.S. Army General Hospital on Penn Commons provided medical care for thousands of Union soldiers who were wounded during the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg.

Between 1865-1877 York was a prominent center for agriculture, however it gradually became home to industries such as steam engines, paper mills and railroad manufacturing. In 1940 the famous York Peppermint Pattie was created in the city. The Pfaltzgraff Company, well known for its variety of pottery, established their first factory in the York area in 1895 and have been making their products in the city until 2005.


Rabbit Transit provides bus transportation for the city. Air transportation for the area is provided by the Baltimore-Washington International and the Harrisburg International Airports.


  • Strand-Capitol Performing Arts Center features well known performers
  • The historic York Fair takes place in September
  • National Street Rod Association
  • Olde York Street Fair
  • The citizens of York and Lancaster often participate in competitions. The tradition began due to the Wars of the Roses
  • Wolfgang Candy Company Factory Tour
  • York Revolution is a minor league baseball team that plays their baseball games in the Atlantic League
  • The York County Heritage Trust
  • The York County Bi-Centennial Commission
  • Weightlifting Hall of Fame
  • Agricultural Museum
  • Fire Museum
  • Historical Society Museum
  • Industrial Museum
  • Harley-Davidson Motor Company Final Assembly Museum
  • York Murals

Historic Sites

  • Worker's House
  • Barnett Bobb Log House
  • Eastern Market House
  • Golden Plough Tavern
  • Bonham House
  • Gates House & Plough Tavern

Higher Education

York College of Pennsylvania, York Technical Institute and York Business Institute are located in the city.


Total Population 43,853
Male Share of the Population 47.9%
Female Share of the Population 52.1%
Senior Citizens 9.3%
Employed Population 16+ 15,917
Age of the Population 31


% of people married 28.1%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 11.7%
Median Earnings25+ $25,537
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,193
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,370


Median Family Income $31,664
% Above Poverty Level 62.7%
% Below Poverty Level 37.3%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 22 minutes
% Working from Home 1.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 8.5%
% Using Public Transportation 5.5%


People Living Alone 34%
Median Gross Rent $729
Median House Value $78,800


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 54.9%
US/American 0%
English 3.6%
Irish 6.2%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

York Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 23 miles W of Lancaster, Pennsylvania (center to center)
Nearest Large City 45 miles N of Baltimore, Maryland
County York
Metro Area York
Standard Zip Codes 17315, 17401, 17402, 17403, 17404, 17406, 17407
P.O. Box Zip Codes 17405
Company Zip Codes 17415
Phone Area Codes 717
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 39.962
Longitude -76.728

York Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 3.4 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 39 F
Apr Temp 39 to 65 F
Jul Temp 63 to 87 F
Oct Temp 42 to 67 F
Annual Precip 43 inches
Station MILLERS 4 NE
Distance 17.4 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 38 F
Apr Temp 41 to 62 F
Jul Temp 64 to 84 F
Oct Temp 45 to 65 F
Annual Precip 43.6 inches
Distance 17.6 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 39 F
Apr Temp 40 to 64 F
Jul Temp 63 to 88 F
Oct Temp 42 to 67 F
Annual Precip 39.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, York, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Accomac (17406)

Bigmount (17315)

Botts (17403)

Davidsburg (17315)

Fayfield (17402)

Glades (17402)

Hellam (17406)

Highmount (17406)

Kreutz Creek (17406)

Leaders Heights (17403)

Locust Grove (17402)

Longstown (17402)

Mount Royal (17315)

Mount Zion (17402)

Ore Valley (17403)

Pleasureville (17402)

Stonybrook (17402)

Windsor Park (17403)

Wyndham Hills (17403)

Yorklyn (17402)

Yorkshire (17402)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dallastown 4,019 $60,268
Dover 1,992 $64,185
Jacobus 1,813 $92,667
Manchester 2,753 $51,875

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

York Public Libraries

Martin Memorial Library
York, Pennsylvania
(717) 846-5300
Library Web Site
York County Library System
York, Pennsylvania
(717) 840-7435
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

York Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(717) 843-8623
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(717) 851-2345
Emergency Service: Yes

Click the Visit School Site buttons to go directly to a school's website and learn more about the school and programs it has to offer. School website will open in a new tab.
Click the Request Info buttons to request more information from a representative at the school.

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York High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

A Title I School.
Serves 1,912 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.9

A Vocational School
Serves 1,443 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.7

Serves 1,379 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.5

Serves 874 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.6

Serves 854 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.5

A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 102 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22.7

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