Introduction to Gaffney, South Carolina

Gaffney, South Carolina is 29 miles SW of Gastonia, North Carolina (center to center) and 46 miles W of Charlotte, North Carolina in Cherokee county. The city is located in Cherokee county and is part of the Greenville - Spartanburg - Anderson metro area.

Gaffney History

Michael Gaffney, an Irish immigrant, arrived in the early 1800s and opened a lodging house and tavern that were known as "Gaffney's Cross Roads." It was strategically located since two major roads - one connecting Charlotte to Georgia, and the other from North Carolina to Charleston - converged at this point. Gradually, a community was established and it was named "Gaffney City" in 1872. In 1897, it became the seat of Cherokee County. Over the years, Gaffney emerged as South Carolina's center for the textile industry. Until the 1980s, the city was the major contributor to the county's economy.

Gaffney and Nearby Attractions

  • Cherokee County Veterans Museum
  • Cowpens National Battlefield
  • Regional Museum of Spartanburg County
  • Croft State Natural Area
  • Kings Mountain State Park
  • Daniel Stowe Botanical Garden

Things To Do In Gaffney

Cherokee County Veterans Museum, which is located in the city of Gaffney, houses more than 500 artifacts and memorabilia depicting the American military history. The Regional Museum of Spartanburg County showcases exhibits of historical significance, and the Spartanburg County Museum of Art features collections of 20th century art. Cowpens National Battlefield is the site where colonials won a victory over the regular British forces in 1781. Kings Mountain National Military Park, and Walnut Grove Plantation are other historic sites near Gaffney. Croft State Natural Area, spread across 7,054 acres of land, offers facilities for boating, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, swimming, picnicking, and camping. Residents of the city also celebrate the annual Peach Festival each July.

Gaffney Transportation

Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport is the closest major airport.

Gaffney Higher Education

Gaffney is home to the Limestone College, and Spartanburg Community College- Cherokee County Campus. Cleveland Community College, and Gardner-Webb University are some of the colleges near the city.


Total Population 12,562
Male Share of the Population 46.8%
Female Share of the Population 53.2%
Senior Citizens 17.8%
Employed Population 16+ 4,411
Age of the Population 38


% of people married 32%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 21%
Median Earnings25+ $27,281
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $7,188
Median Earnings With High School Degree $23,434


Median Family Income $41,701
% Above Poverty Level 71.8%
% Below Poverty Level 28.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 17 minutes
% Working from Home 1.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.3%
% Using Public Transportation 0.5%


People Living Alone 39.3%
Median Gross Rent $521
Median House Value $93,600


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 58%
US/American 0%
English 5.8%
Irish 4%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Gaffney Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 29 miles SW of Gastonia, North Carolina (center to center)
Nearest Large City 46 miles W of Charlotte, North Carolina
County Cherokee
Metro Area Greenville - Spartanburg - Anderson
Standard Zip Codes 29340, 29341
P.O. Box Zip Codes 29342
Phone Area Codes 864
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 35.071
Longitude -81.65

Gaffney Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 8.5 miles
Jan Temp 27 to 51 F
Apr Temp 43 to 71 F
Jul Temp 66 to 88 F
Oct Temp 45 to 72 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches
Distance 18.2 miles
Jan Temp 27 to 52 F
Apr Temp 43 to 74 F
Jul Temp 65 to 91 F
Oct Temp 45 to 74 F
Annual Precip 51.6 inches
Distance 19.2 miles
Jan Temp 30 to 54 F
Apr Temp 45 to 76 F
Jul Temp 68 to 91 F
Oct Temp 47 to 75 F
Annual Precip 49.9 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Blacksburg 1,975 $27,199
Chesnee 717 $27,361
Cowpens 1,702 $38,542
Hickory Grove 443 $56,875
Jonesville 833 $28,529
Pacolet 2,453 $36,250

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Gaffney Public Libraries

Cherokee County Library
Gaffney, South Carolina
(864) 487-2711
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Gaffney Hospitals

(864) 487-4271
Emergency Service: Yes

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Gaffney High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 2,066 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.8

A Vocational School

Gaffney Colleges

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