Introduction to Madison, South Dakota

Madison, South Dakota is 37 miles NW of Sioux Falls, South Dakota and 199 miles N of Omaha, Nebraska. It is located in Lake County, and has population of 6,540.

Madison History

The original territory of Madison was established in 1880 by William Lee and Charles Walker. It was named after Madison, Wisconsin. C.B. Kennedy, who built his home in the well drained valley between Lake Herman and Lake Madison in 1878. The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad, which arrived in 1880, passed very close to Kennedy's homestead. As a result, residents of the original Madison community moved to the area near the railroad. By 1883, residents of the town of Herman had also shifted to this region. Gradually, many industries were established in the area and Madison became a thriving and prosperous city.

Madison and Nearby Attractions

  • Smith - Zimmermann State Museum
  • Walkers Point Recreation Area
  • Prairie Village
  • Lake Herman State Park
  • Great Plains Zoo

Things To Do In Madison

There are numerous sites of historic interest in Madison including the Prairie Village, and the Herman Luce Cabin. The city is also home to the Smith-Zimmerman Museum. Prairie Village, which is a living history museum, features restored buildings, a sawmill, an operating railroad, steam tractors, and agriculture displays. The Smith-Zimmermann Museum houses various pieces of Victorian furnishings. The Pipestone National Monument marks the area where Plains Indians used to quarry pipestone. Opportunities to play golf are available at the Lakes Golf Course, and Madison Golf and Country Club. The city also offers easy access to the 1,350-acre Lake Herman and the 2,800-acre Lake Madison. Here people can enjoy boating, canoeing, kayaking, swimming, and skiing. The Madison area also offers a variety of fishing, bird viewing, and hunting opportunities. In addition, residents of the city host annual events like the Railroad Days, and Madison Arts in the Park.

Madison Transportation

Air transportation is available from the Joe Foss Field Airport.

Madison Higher Education

Dakota State University is located in the city of Madison. South Dakota State University, University of Sioux Falls, Augustana College, and Kilian Community College are nearby.


Total Population 6,830
Male Share of the Population 46.4%
Female Share of the Population 53.6%
Senior Citizens 16.3%
Employed Population 16+ 3,723
Age of the Population 32


% of people married 41.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 27.1%
Median Earnings25+ $29,969
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $11,474
Median Earnings With High School Degree $28,118


Median Family Income $58,298
% Above Poverty Level 79.2%
% Below Poverty Level 20.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 13 minutes
% Working from Home 4.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work 12.5%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 38.9%
Median Gross Rent $463
Median House Value $88,600


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 13.1%
US/American 0%
English 5.2%
Irish 13.2%

Madison Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 37 miles NW of Sioux Falls, South Dakota (center to center)
Nearest Large City 199 miles N of Omaha, Nebraska
County Lake
Standard Zip Codes 57042
Phone Area Codes 605
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 44.006
Longitude -97.113

Madison Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station MADISON 2 SE
Distance 1.7 miles
Jan Temp 2 to 21 F
Apr Temp 33 to 56 F
Jul Temp 59 to 83 F
Oct Temp 35 to 59 F
Annual Precip 25.1 inches
Distance 5.7 miles
Jan Temp 3 to 24 F
Apr Temp 35 to 59 F
Jul Temp 61 to 84 F
Oct Temp 37 to 60 F
Annual Precip 24.7 inches
Station DE SMET
Distance 33.9 miles
Jan Temp 2 to 22 F
Apr Temp 34 to 57 F
Jul Temp 61 to 84 F
Oct Temp 35 to 59 F
Annual Precip 23.8 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Madison, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Junius (57042)

Lake Herman (57042)

Orland (57042)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Colman 685 $47,031
Colton 749 $64,896
Oldham 135 $42,292
Ramona 164 $63,750
Sinai 169 $57,500
Wentworth 139 $54,167

Madison Public Libraries

Madison Public Library
Madison, South Dakota
(605) 256-7525

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Madison Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(605) 256-6551
Emergency Service: Yes

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Madison High Schools

800 NE 9TH ST
Serves 432 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.5

Madison Colleges

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