Introduction to Spearfish, South Dakota

Spearfish, South Dakota, in Lawrence county, is 42 miles NW of Rapid City, South Dakota and 333 miles N of Denver, Colorado.

Spearfish History

Spearfish was originally inhabited by Native Americans. European settlers first arrived in the area in 1876, during the Black Hills Gold Rush. The first post office and the first store of the area were established in 1877. The city was incorporated in 1888. It was named because Native Americans and fur traders considered the stream an ideal place to spear fish. The first railroad entered the area in 1893. Mining and tourism became important in this area in the 20th Century.

Spearfish and nearby Attractions

  • D C Booth Historic National Fish Hatchery
  • Spirit of Hills Wildlife Sanctuary
  • High Plains Heritage Center
  • Gulches of Fun Amusement Park
  • Bear Butte State Park
  • House of Roses Museum

Things To Do In Spearfish

While staying in Spearfish, one can pay a visit to the Spirit of Hills Wildlife Sanctuary, the Bear Butte State Park and the D.C. Booth Historic National Fish Hatchery. The Gulches of Fun Amusement Park is popular among children and an ideal destination for a family outing. The city also offers easy access to the Old Fort Meade Museum, Adams Museum, the House of Roses Museum and the Black Hills Mining Museum. Local festivals include the Downtown Harvest Fest, Taste of Spearfish and the Festival in the Park.

Spearfish Transportation

Rapid City Regional Airport provides facilities for air transportation.

Spearfish Higher Education

Black Hills State University is the local institution of higher education. Others providing facilities for higher education include the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Casper College and Chadron State College.


Total Population 10,980
Male Share of the Population 46.2%
Female Share of the Population 53.8%
Senior Citizens 15.9%
Employed Population 16+ 5,677
Age of the Population 33


% of people married 45.5%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 29.7%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $65,542
% Above Poverty Level 84.1%
% Below Poverty Level 15.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 10.6%
% Using Public Transportation 0.7%


People Living Alone 34.1%
Median Gross Rent $632
Median House Value $194,300


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 15.9%
US/American 0%
English 9.7%
Irish 11.9%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Spearfish Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 42 miles NW of Rapid City, South Dakota (center to center)
Nearest Large City 333 miles N of Denver, Colorado
County Lawrence
Standard Zip Codes 57783
Company Zip Codes 57799
Phone Area Codes 605
Time Zone Mountain (-7 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 44.49
Longitude -103.858

Spearfish Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.8 miles
Jan Temp 13 to 36 F
Apr Temp 33 to 57 F
Jul Temp 59 to 85 F
Oct Temp 36 to 60 F
Annual Precip 21.6 inches
Distance 10.6 miles
Jan Temp 11 to 33 F
Apr Temp 29 to 53 F
Jul Temp 54 to 81 F
Oct Temp 32 to 57 F
Annual Precip 28.4 inches
Station LEAD
Distance 10.8 miles
Jan Temp 14 to 33 F
Apr Temp 30 to 50 F
Jul Temp 54 to 77 F
Oct Temp 34 to 55 F
Annual Precip 29.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Belle Fourche 5,702 $53,317
Central City 170 $60,000
Deadwood 1,211 $66,477
Lead 3,082 $51,269
Sturgis 6,657 $60,299
Whitewood 925 $52,708

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Spearfish Public Libraries

Grace Balloch Memorial Library
Spearfish, South Dakota
(605) 642-1330
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Spearfish Hospitals

1316 10TH ST
(605) 642-3113
Emergency Service: No

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
1440 N MAIN ST
(605) 644-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Spearfish High Schools

1725 N MAIN
Serves 670 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.9

Spearfish Colleges

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