Introduction to Vermillion, South Dakota

Vermillion, South Dakota is 32 miles NW of Sioux City, Iowa and 116 miles NW of Omaha, Nebraska. It is in Clay county. The population of the city is 9,765.

Vermillion History

Vermillion is the county seat of Clay County. The city was first visited by French Fur traders in the late 1700s. The city was founded in 1859 and was officially incorporated in 1873. The city houses the University of South Dakota, which is the state’s major academic institution.

Vermillion and nearby Attractions

  • America’s Shrine to Music Museum
  • Austin Whittemore House
  • Sioux City Public Museum
  • Stone State Park
  • Lewis and Clark State Recreation Area
  • Trinity Heights

Things To Do In Vermillion

While in Vermillion, one can visit parks like the Union Grove State Park, the Newton Hills State Park, the Adams Homestead and Nature Preserve and Ponca State Park. The Bluffs is the local golf course. The city of Vermillion hosts festivals like the Dalesburg Midsummer Festival every June and Dakota Days every October.

Vermillion Transportation

Joe Foss Field Airport provides facilities for air transportation.

Vermillion Higher Education

The University of South Dakota is the local institution of higher educational. Other nearby educational institutions include Wayne State College, Northeast Community College and the University of Nebraska at Omaha.


Total Population 10,746
Male Share of the Population 49.5%
Female Share of the Population 50.5%
Senior Citizens 7.5%
Employed Population 16+ 5,336
Age of the Population 23


% of people married 27.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 51.9%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $57,500
% Above Poverty Level 64.3%
% Below Poverty Level 35.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 14 minutes
% Working from Home 3.6%
% Walking and Biking to Work 20.1%
% Using Public Transportation 0.5%


People Living Alone 30.4%
Median Gross Rent $681
Median House Value $131,200


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 17.8%
US/American 0%
English 7.4%
Irish 16.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Vermillion Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 32 miles NW of Sioux City, Iowa (center to center)
Nearest Large City 116 miles NW of Omaha, Nebraska
County Clay
Standard Zip Codes 57069
Phone Area Codes 605
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 42.779
Longitude -96.928

Vermillion Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1.1 miles
Jan Temp 8 to 30 F
Apr Temp 37 to 64 F
Jul Temp 63 to 89 F
Oct Temp 39 to 67 F
Annual Precip 25.3 inches
Distance 20.5 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 30 F
Apr Temp 37 to 62 F
Jul Temp 63 to 87 F
Oct Temp 39 to 65 F
Annual Precip 26.2 inches
Distance 35.6 miles
Jan Temp 10 to 31 F
Apr Temp 37 to 64 F
Jul Temp 64 to 88 F
Oct Temp 39 to 66 F
Annual Precip 28.6 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Vermillion, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Greenfield (57069)

Hub City (57069)

Meckling (57069)

Westerville (57069)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Beresford 2,211 $75,625
Elk Point 2,080 $72,813
Gayville 392 $59,750
Mission Hill 245 $60,313
Volin 220 $56,944
Wakonda 329 $48,750

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Vermillion Public Libraries

Vermillion Public Library
Vermillion, South Dakota
(605) 677-7060
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Vermillion Hospitals

(Government - Federal)
(605) 624-2611
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Vermillion High Schools

1001 E MAIN ST
Serves 406 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.5

Vermillion Colleges

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