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Overview

Introduction to Chattanooga, Tennessee

Chattanooga is is the fourth largest city in Tennessee, it is the seat of Hamilton County.

Chattanooga is located in southeast Tennessee, on the border with Georgia. The Tennessee River flows through Chattanooga. Chattanooga is about half way between Atlanta, Georgia and Nashville, Tennessee. Atlanta is approximately two hours southeast, and Nashville is approximately two hours northwest.

Chattanooga experiences hot, humid summers, and cool, damp winters. July is the warmest month of the year, with an average daily temperature of almost 90 degrees Fahrenheit. January is the coldest month, with an average daily temperature of almost 49 degrees Fahrenheit. Chattanooga does experience temperatures below freezing and averages one day per winter with an inch or more of snow. Chattanooga receives an average of slightly over 54 inches of precipitation a year.

Chattanooga History

The first inhabitants of the Chattanooga area were Native American Indians. Chattanooga's first European visitors were from Spanish expeditions lead by Hernando DeSoto. Chattanooga was established as Ross's Landing in 1816 by John Ross, Chief of the Cherokee Indians. The city adopted the name Chattanooga in 1838. The name is of Native American origin. Some key dates in Chattanooga's history include:

  • In 1819, Hamilton County was formed
  • In 1908, the Chattanooga Choo Choo Terminal Station was built
  • In 1863, during the American Civil War, the Campaign for Chattanooga was fought
  • In 1941, the city was made famous by the first gold record big-band swing song "Chattanooga Choo Choo" by Glenn Miller
  • In 1948, Chattanooga became the first major southern city to have African-American Police Officers

Chattanooga Arts, Culture, and Entertainment

Chattanooga is a center for arts, culture, and entertainment. Some of Chattanooga's more notable cultural attractions include:

  • The Bluff View Art District
  • The Boys Choir of Chattanooga
  • The Chattanooga Ballet
  • The Chattanooga Girls Choir
  • The Chattanooga Regional History Museum
  • The Chattanooga Symphony & Opera
  • The Chattanooga Theatre Centre
  • The Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
  • The Creative Discovery Museum
  • Choral Arts of Chattanooga
  • The Houston Museum of Decorative Arts
  • The Hunter Museum of Art
  • The International Towing and Recovery Hall of Fame and Museum
  • Miller Plaza, the site of numerous performances and exhibits
  • The Nightfall Concert Series
  • Rock City Gardens
  • The Tennessee Aquarium, the world's largest freshwater aquarium
  • The Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum
  • The Tivoli Theatre

Chattanooga also hosts Riverbend Festival every year. Riverbend Festival is a week-long music festival in the downtown area.

Chattanooga Sports and Leisure

Chattanooga has a few professional sports offerings, which include:

  • Baseball - The Minor League Baseball (MiLB) Chattanooga Lookouts. The Lookouts are a Double-A affiliate of the Cincinnati Reds
  • Football - The National Indoor Football League (NIFL) Tennessee River Sharks

Chattanooga is also home to the NCAA Division I-AA national football championship every year at Finley Stadium, on the campus of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. A two hour drive northwest or southeast offers Chattanooga residents all of the sporting attractions of either Nashville, Tennessee, or Atlanta, Georgia.

Chattanooga "Must See" Attractions

Chattanooga has attractions too numerous to do justice in a simple list. Some of Chattanooga's more unique attractions include:

  • The NCAA Division I-AA national football championship
  • Rock City Gardens
  • Riverbend Festival, a week-long music festival
  • The Tennessee Aquarium, the world's largest freshwater aquarium

Chattanooga at Night

Chattanooga offers a rich and vibrant nightlife including a full spectrum of culinary offerings, and other entertainment options to satisfy just about anyone. The best source of information on dining, the latest events, happenings, night clubs, and performances can be found in the Chattanooga Times Free Press, or one of two free weekly newspapers, The Pulse, or Enigma.

People

Total Population 174,483
Male Share of the Population 47.7%
Female Share of the Population 52.3%
Senior Citizens 15.2%
Employed Population 16+ 75,700
Age of the Population 37

Families

% of people married 38.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 27.2%
Median Earnings25+ $30,815
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $17,114
Median Earnings With High School Degree $22,926

Wealth

Median Family Income $51,950
% Above Poverty Level 77.4%
% Below Poverty Level 22.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 4%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.4%
% Using Public Transportation 1.9%

Housing

People Living Alone 35.6%
Median Gross Rent $748
Median House Value $145,000

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 45.4%
US/American 0%
English 8.6%
Irish 8.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Chattanooga Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 104 miles NW of Atlanta, Georgia
County Hamilton
Metro Area Chattanooga
Standard Zip Codes 37402, 37403, 37404, 37405, 37406, 37407, 37408, 37409, 37410, 37411, 37412, 37415, 37416, 37419, 37421, 37450
P.O. Box Zip Codes 37401, 37414, 37422, 37424
Phone Area Codes 423
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 35.045
Longitude -85.309

Chattanooga Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station CHATTANOOGA AP
Distance 6.3 miles
Jan Temp 30 to 49 F
Apr Temp 47 to 72 F
Jul Temp 69 to 90 F
Oct Temp 49 to 72 F
Annual Precip 54.5 inches
Station LAFAYETTE 5 SW
Distance 27.6 miles
Jan Temp 29 to 48 F
Apr Temp 43 to 71 F
Jul Temp 66 to 88 F
Oct Temp 46 to 72 F
Annual Precip 58.3 inches
Station DALTON
Distance 28.9 miles
Jan Temp 30 to 49 F
Apr Temp 47 to 72 F
Jul Temp 69 to 89 F
Oct Temp 49 to 73 F
Annual Precip 56.5 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Chattanooga, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Chatt (37414, 37424)

Chatta (37414, 37424)

Chickamauga (37424)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Collegedale 9,918 $72,946
East Ridge 21,275 $48,996
Lookout Mountain 1,871 $135,417
Powells Crossroads 1,359 $65,833
Red Bank 11,793 $46,623
Signal Mountain 8,456 $112,808

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Chattanooga Public Libraries

Library
Chattanooga-hamilton Co. Bicentennial Library
1001 BROAD STREET
Chattanooga, Tennessee
(423) 757-5310
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Chattanooga Hospitals

ERLANGER MEDICAL CENTER
(Government - Hospital District or Authority)
975 E 3RD ST
(423) 778-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

HEALTHSOUTH CHATTANOOGA REHAB HOSPITAL
(Government - State)
2412 MCCALLIE AVE
(423) 698-0221
Emergency Service: No

PARKRIDGE MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
2333 MCCALLIE AVE
(423) 493-1772
Emergency Service: Yes

MEMORIAL HEALTHCARE SYSTEM, INC
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
2525 DESALES AVE
(423) 495-2525
Emergency Service: Yes

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Chattanooga High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

RED BANK HIGH SCHOOL
640 MORRISON SPRINGS RD
423-874-1900
Serves 1,270 students.

BRAINERD HIGH SCHOOL
1020 N MOORE RD
423-855-2615
A Title I School.
Serves 968 students.

EAST RIDGE HIGH SCHOOL
4320 BENNETT RD
423-867-6200
Serves 888 students.

HOWARD ACADEMY OF ACADEMICS TECHNOLOGY
2500 SOUTH MARKET ST
423-209-5868
A Vocational School
A Title I School.
Serves 701 students.

CHATTANOOGA SCHOOL FOR ARTS AND SCIENCES
865 E 3RD ST
423-209-5812
Serves 659 students.

CHATTANOOGA HIGH CENTER FOR CREATIVE ARTS
1301 DALLAS RD
423-209-5929
Serves 535 students.

TYNER ACADEMY
6836 TYNER RD
423-855-2635
Serves 527 students.

TWENTYFIRST CENTURY ACADEMY
4201 CHERRYTON DR
423-493-0309
A Magnet School.
A Title I School.
Serves 510 students.

LOOKOUT VALLEY MIDDLE/HIGH SCHOOL
350 LOOKOUT HIGH ST
423-825-7352
Serves 470 students.

CHATTANOOGA STATE MID COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL
4501 AMNICOLA HW
423-497-4400
Serves 80 students.

WASHINGTON SCHOOL
7821 HANCOCK RD
423-893-3520
A Non-traditional School

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Historic Chattanooga

photo

Fountain Square and Court House 1907 (est.)

Select a photo to view (Source):

Fountain Square and Court House 1907 (est.)

The General (Union Station) c1907

Hotel Patten between 1905 and 1915

Additional Resources
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