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Overview

Introduction to Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis, located on the Mississippi River in the southwest corner of Tennessee, is the largest city in the state. Settled by Native Americans and later the French, Memphis was founded in 1819 and incorporated in 1826. After falling to Union forces during the Civil War, then suffering yellow fever epidemics in the 1870s, the city declined and went bankrupt. With its prime location on the Mississippi, Memphis rebounded, becoming a natural distribution center for the South and Midwest.

Today, Memphis is a growing city with several major company headquarters, including FedEx, AutoZone and International Paper. The many FedEx packages passing through makes Memphis International Airport the world's busiest cargo airport. High-tech industries, health care and biomedical research are also important segments of the city's economy. Known as the birthplace of the Blues and home of Elvis Presley, Memphis is one of America's top cities for tourism.

Memphis Culture

Many of the city's cultural attractions revolve around music, including the Memphis Music Hall of Fame (blues), Sun Studio (rockabilly), the Rock 'n' Soul Museum in the Gibson Guitar Plant and Graceland, the residence of Elvis Presley. Memphis also has the National Civil Rights Museum, housed in the former motel where Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated in 1968. Popular events include the commemoration of Elvis Presley's death in August, the International Blues Talent Competition in October and WC Handy's birthday in November. And nothing tops Memphis in May, where one of the nation's top barbecue competitions coincides with the Beale Street Music Festival.

Memphis Sports and Leisure

The NBA's Memphis Grizzlies play at 19,000-seat FedEx Forum in the northern part of downtown. The city's minor league baseball team is the Memphis Redbirds, the triple-A affiliate of the St. Louis Cardinals. Redbirds home games are at AutoZone Park downtown.

Memphis Outdoors

For outdoor recreation, Overton Park has hiking and biking trails, tennis courts, a golf course and the Memphis Brooks Museum of Art. Beale Street and the Mid-America Ped Mall are prime locations for walking. Mud Island has beaches, a pool and great fishing. Martin Luther King Riverside Park, just southwest of downtown, is another good fishing spot.

Memphis at Night

Memphis nightlife also revolves around its downtown music scene. Its claim to fame-- besides great barbecue-- is its blues music, which can be heard nightly at establishments all over town. Beale Street is loaded with clubs and cafes. But the city's love of music isn't limited to just the blues; dozens of clubs featuring jazz, rock, country and rockabilly music are available. For a change of pace, there's always a getaway to Oxford, Mississippi, home of the University of Mississippi and, according to Lonely Planet, "one of the hippest towns in the South."

People

Total Population 657,167
Male Share of the Population 47.6%
Female Share of the Population 52.4%
Senior Citizens 11%
Employed Population 16+ 281,092
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 31.4%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 25.2%
Median Earnings25+ $29,137
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $17,378
Median Earnings With High School Degree $22,766

Wealth

Median Family Income $43,023
% Above Poverty Level 72.4%
% Below Poverty Level 27.6%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 22 minutes
% Working from Home 2.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.1%
% Using Public Transportation 2.2%

Housing

People Living Alone 35.3%
Median Gross Rent $828
Median House Value $94,000

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 67.2%
US/American 0%
English 4.3%
Irish 4.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Memphis Almanac

Category Value
County Shelby
Metro Area Memphis
Standard Zip Codes 38103, 38104, 38105, 38106, 38107, 38108, 38109, 38111, 38112, 38114, 38115, 38116, 38117, 38118, 38119, 38120, 38122, 38125, 38126, 38127, 38128, 38131, 38132, 38133, 38134, 38135, 38137, 38138, 38139, 38141, 38157
P.O. Box Zip Codes 38101, 38113, 38124, 38130, 38167, 38168, 38173, 38174, 38175, 38177, 38181, 38182, 38183, 38184, 38186, 38187, 38190
Company Zip Codes 37501, 37544, 38110, 38129, 38136, 38140, 38142, 38143, 38145, 38146, 38147, 38148, 38150, 38151, 38152, 38159, 38161, 38163, 38165, 38166, 38188, 38193, 38194, 38195, 38197
Phone Area Codes 901
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 35.149
Longitude -90.048

Memphis Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station MEMPHIS INTL AP
Distance 6.8 miles
Jan Temp 31 to 49 F
Apr Temp 52 to 72 F
Jul Temp 73 to 92 F
Oct Temp 53 to 75 F
Annual Precip 54.6 inches
Station MEMPHIS WSFO
Distance 14.1 miles
Jan Temp 28 to 48 F
Apr Temp 48 to 72 F
Jul Temp 71 to 91 F
Oct Temp 49 to 74 F
Annual Precip 53.6 inches
Station INDEPENDENCE 1 W
Distance 33.8 miles
Jan Temp 29 to 48 F
Apr Temp 48 to 72 F
Jul Temp 69 to 91 F
Oct Temp 48 to 74 F
Annual Precip 52.1 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Memphis, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Hickory Hill (38115, 38125)

Mem (38184, 38111, 38187, 38112, 38113, 38114, 38115, 38116, 38117, 38118, 38119, 38120, 38122, 38124, 38125, 38126, 38127, 38128, 38130, 38132, 38133, 38134, 38135, 38137, 38138, 38139, 38141, 38104, 38168, 38105, 38173, 38106, 38174, 38107, 38181, 38108, 38182, 38109)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Arlington 11,635 $95,885
Bartlett 58,107 $89,096
Germantown 39,262 $123,577
Lakeland 12,556 $113,594
Millington 11,113 $64,848
Piperton 1,709 $99,276

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Memphis Public Libraries

Library
Memphis/shelby County Public Library & Info C
3030 POPLAR AVENUE
Memphis, Tennessee
(901) 415-2700
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Memphis Hospitals

REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER AT MEMPHIS
(Government - Hospital District or Authority)
877 JEFFERSON AVENUE
(901) 545-7928
Emergency Service: Yes

METHODIST HEALTHCARE MEMPHIS HOSPITALS
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
1265 UNION AVE SUITE 700
(901) 726-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

DELTA MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
3000 GETWELL RD
(901) 369-8100
Emergency Service: Yes

ST FRANCIS HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
5959 PARK AVE
(901) 765-1000
Emergency Service: Yes

BAPTIST MEMORIAL HOSPITAL FOR WOMEN
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
6225 HUMPHREYS BOULEVARD
(901) 227-9000
Emergency Service: No

BAPTIST MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
6019 WALNUT GROVE ROAD
(901) 226-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, Tennessee
(VA)
1030 Jefferson Avenue
(901) 523-8990 or (800) 636-8262 (in state)
Emergency Service:

Click the Visit School Site buttons to go directly to a school's website and learn more about the school and programs it has to offer. School website will open in a new tab.
Click the Request Info buttons to request more information from a representative at the school.

 
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Memphis High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

CORDOVA HIGH SCHOOL
1800 BERRYHILL RD
901-759-4540
Serves 2,114 students.

WHITE STATION HIGH SCHOOL
514 SO PERKINS RD
901-761-8880
A Title I School.
Serves 1,971 students.

WHITEHAVEN HIGH SCHOOL
4851 ELVIS PRESLEY
901-348-3000
A Title I School.
Serves 1,788 students.

KINGSBURY HIGH SCHOOL
1270 NORTH GRAHAM
901-320-6060
A Title I School.
Serves 1,742 students.

WOODDALE HIGH SCHOOL
5151 SCOTTSDALE
901-366-2440
A Title I School.
Serves 1,546 students.

HAMILTON HIGH SCHOOL
1363 PERSON
901-775-7838
A Title I School.
Serves 1,491 students.

RIDGEWAY HIGH SCHOOL
2009 RIDGEWAY
901-761-8820
A Title I School.
Serves 1,488 students.

KIRBY HIGH SCHOOL
4080 KIRBY PW
901-369-1960
A Title I School.
Serves 1,431 students.

CRAIGMONT HIGH SCHOOL
3333 COVINGTON PK
901-385-4312
A Title I School.
Serves 1,403 students.

TREZEVANT HIGH SCHOOL
3350 TREZEVANT
901-357-3760
A Title I School.
Serves 1,369 students.

OVERTON HIGH SCHOOL
1770 LANIER
901-684-2136
A Title I School.
Serves 1,348 students.

EAST HIGH SCHOOL
3206 POPLAR AV
901-320-6160
A Title I School.
Serves 1,329 students.

CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL
306 S BELLEVUE
901-722-4500
A Title I School.
Serves 1,270 students.

MELROSE HIGH SCHOOL
2870 DEADRICK
901-325-5974
A Title I School.
Serves 1,243 students.

FRAYSER HIGH SCHOOL
1530 DELLWOOD
901-357-3880
A Title I School.
Serves 1,171 students.

MITCHELL HIGH SCHOOL
658 MITCHELL RD
901-789-8174
A Title I School.
Serves 1,168 students.

FAIRLEY HIGH SCHOOL
4950 FAIRLEY RD
901-789-8060
A Title I School.
Serves 1,143 students.

RALEIGH EGYPT HIGH SCHOOL
3970 VOLTAIRE
901-385-4108
A Title I School.
Serves 1,044 students.

NORTHSIDE HIGH SCHOOL
1212 VOLLINTINE
901-722-4582
A Title I School.
Serves 1,034 students.

HILLCREST HIGH SCHOOL
4184 GRACELAND DR
901-348-3104
A Title I School.
Serves 910 students.

SHEFFIELD HIGH SCHOOL
4315 SHEFFIELD
901-366-2370
A Title I School.
Serves 831 students.

TREADWELL HIGH SCHOOL
920 N HIGHLAND
901-320-6100
A Title I School.
Serves 772 students.

OAKHAVEN HIGH SCHOOL
3125 LADBROOK RD
901-366-2300
A Title I School.
Serves 767 students.

WESTWOOD HIGH SCHOOL
4480 WESTMONT ST
901-789-8000
A Title I School.
Serves 764 students.

WESTSIDE HIGH SCHOOL
3389 DAWN DR
901-357-3700
A Title I School.
Serves 698 students.

CARVER HIGH SCHOOL
1591 PENNSYLVANIA
901-775-7594
A Title I School.
Serves 639 students.

PYRAMID ACADEMY
1266 POPLAR AV
901-722-4400
A Title I School.
Serves 637 students.

B T WASHINGTON HIGH SCHOOL
715 SO LAUDERDALE
901-775-7240
A Title I School.
Serves 578 students.

SOUTH SIDE HIGH SCHOOL
1880 PROSPECT
901-775-7380
A Title I School.
Serves 564 students.

MANASSAS HIGH SCHOOL
781 FIRESTONE BL
901-579-3244
A Title I School.
Serves 335 students.

MEMPHIS ADULT HIGH SCHOOL
703 S GREER
901-325-4847
Serves 245 students.

MIDDLE COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL
737 UNION AV
901-544-5360
A Title I School.
Serves 215 students.

SHRINE SCHOOL
4259 FORESTVIEW DR
901-366-2400
A Title I School.
Serves 173 students.

AVON - LENOX SCHOOL
310 NORTH AVON
901-684-2124
A Special Education School
A Title I School.
Serves 89 students.

TREZEVANT CAREER AND TECHNICAL SCHOOL
3224 RANGELINE RD
901-357-3880
A Vocational School
A Title I School.

EAST CAREER TECHNOLOGY CENTER
3225 WALNUT GROVE
901-320-6200
A Vocational School

KINGSBURY VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
1328 NORTH GRAHAM
901-320-6000
A Vocational School

SOUTHWEST CAREER AND TECHNICAL SCHOOL
3746 HORN LAKE RD
901-789-8186
A Vocational School

KANSAS CAREER AND TECHNICAL CENTER
80 W OLIVE ST
901-775-7300
A Vocational School
A Title I School.

SHEFFIELD CAREER AND TECHNICAL CENTER
4350 CHUCK
901-366-2340
A Vocational School

Additional Details
Memphis Careers
Memphis career and employment information.
Memphis Colleges
Memphis colleges and trade schools.
Memphis Graduate Schools
Memphis Graduate and Business Schools
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Historic Memphis

photo

Memphis Trust Bld'g. c1906

Select a photo to view (Source):

Memphis Trust Bld'g. c1906

Custom House and Post Office c1906.

Shelby County Court House between 1900 and 1910

Additional Resources
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