Introduction to Alpine, Texas

Alpine, Texas, in Brewster county, is 128 miles SW of Odessa, Texas (center to center) and 193 miles SE of El Paso, Texas.

Alpine History

This region was occupied by cattlemen between 1878 and 1882. The first modern settlers, who arrived in 1882, were railroad workers who brought their families and lived along a small spring-fed creek. The railroad section in the area was named Osborne, a name that was briefly used for the community of settlers as well. It was changed to Murphyville when the railways entered into a contract with Daniel and Thomas Murphy to use the spring on their land. The town was officially renamed Alpine in February 1888 by its residents.

Alpine and Nearby Attractions

  • Big Bend National Park
  • Fort Leaton State Historic Site
  • Fort Davis National Historic Site
  • Balmorhea State Park

Things To Do In Alpine

Alpine has a golf course as well as numerous other attractions. The nearby Fort Leaton State Historic Site is where an adobe trading post was constructed in 1848. Guided tours and picnic areas are also available at the site. The Balmorhea State Park, which is located in the foothills of the nearby Davis Mountains, features an Artesian-spring pool. The Big Bend National Park is home to diverse species of plants and animals. The impressive Santa Elena, Mariscal, and Boquillas canyons form the southern boundary of this park.

Alpine Transportation

El Paso International Airport is the nearest major airport.

Alpine Higher Education

Sul Ross State University is close to the city.


Total Population 6,000
Male Share of the Population 46.9%
Female Share of the Population 53.1%
Senior Citizens 16.2%
Employed Population 16+ 2,797
Age of the Population 39


% of people married 40.6%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 36.3%
Median Earnings25+ $0
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $0
Median Earnings With High School Degree $0


Median Family Income $52,226
% Above Poverty Level 86.3%
% Below Poverty Level 13.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 10 minutes
% Working from Home 2.3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 4.6%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 40%
Median Gross Rent $646
Median House Value $106,000


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 52.8%
US/American 0.3%
English 5.7%
Irish 6.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Alpine Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 128 miles SW of Odessa, Texas (center to center)
Nearest Large City 193 miles SE of El Paso, Texas
County Brewster
Standard Zip Codes 79830
P.O. Box Zip Codes 79831
Company Zip Codes 79832
Phone Area Codes 432
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 30.358
Longitude -103.66

Alpine Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station ALPINE
Distance 0.7 miles
Jan Temp 31 to 61 F
Apr Temp 46 to 79 F
Jul Temp 64 to 89 F
Oct Temp 48 to 78 F
Annual Precip 17.1 inches
Distance 25.1 miles
Jan Temp 28 to 61 F
Apr Temp 43 to 79 F
Jul Temp 61 to 90 F
Oct Temp 44 to 78 F
Annual Precip 15.8 inches
Distance 55.3 miles
Jan Temp 32 to 55 F
Apr Temp 45 to 72 F
Jul Temp 59 to 85 F
Oct Temp 48 to 72 F
Annual Precip 20.3 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Fort Davis 1,112 $53,365

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Alpine Public Libraries

Alpine Public Library
203 N 7TH ST
Alpine, Texas
(432) 837-2621

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Alpine Hospitals

(432) 837-3447
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Alpine High Schools

Serves 322 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.2

Alpine Colleges

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