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Overview

Introduction to Brownsville, Texas

The city of Brownsville, located directly on the Mexican border, is Texas' southernmost city. An international bridge connects the city to Matamoros, Mexico. Brownsville is the county seat of Cameron County and is the major manufacturing center of the Rio Grande Valley. The city is serviced by U.S. Routes 77, 83, and 281; and has its own general aviation airport, the Brownsville/South Padre Island International Airport. Brownsville is situated about 275 miles southeast of San Antonio and 165 miles south of Corpus Christi.

When Texas declared its independence from Mexico in 1835, it claimed the Rio Grande River as its western boundary. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending Texas' war of independence, confirmed the area where Brownsville now stands as being American territory. In 1848 the city of Brownsville was founded and named after Major Jacob Brown, a war hero. Incorporated as a city in 1853, Brownsville played a prominent role in the Civil War as a major port for the exporting of cotton and other goods by the Confederate States of America. After the war, a period of reconstruction ensued and by the early 1900s, the city was enjoying prosperity and experiencing a surge in population. The city today stands as one of the fastest growing manufacturing regions in the United States and an important center for technology, industry and distribution.

Attractions in Brownsville

Brownsville offers many cultural and recreational opportunities for its visitors and residents. Museums and historic sites in the city include the Historic Brownsville Museum, housed in the restored Southern Pacific Railroad Depot; and the Brownsville Heritage Complex, which contains the restored former home of the city's founder, local businessman Charles Stillman. Also in the city is the Children's Museum of Brownsville and right next door, the Americas Museum, featuring costumes and indigenous dress from throughout all of the Americas. The Commemorative Air Force Museum showcases vintage military aircraft and presents an annual Air Fiesta every March. The Gladys Porter Zoo has more than 1500 animal species housed in natural settings. Annual events in town include the Brownsville International Birding & Nature Festival (held in February), the Charro Days Fiesta (also in February), and October's Latin Jazz Festival.

Professional sports can be found a few hours north of Brownsville in nearby big Texas cities. Some of these prominent Texas teams include:

  • Basketball (NBA): San Antonio Spurs
  • Basketball (WNBA): San Antonio Silver Stars
  • Minor League Baseball: Corpus Christi Hooks (AA-affiliate of the Texas Rangers)
  • Minor League Baseball: San Antonio Missions (AA-affiliate of the Seattle Mariners)
  • Minor League Baseball: Coastal Bend Aviators (Independent team located in Robstown, Texas)
  • Hockey (American Hockey League): San Antonio Rampage
  • Hockey (Central Hockey League): Corpus Christi Rayz
  • Arena Football (Af2) Corpus Christi Sharks
  • Arena Football (IFL) Corpus Christi Hammerheads

People

Total Population 179,834
Male Share of the Population 47.7%
Female Share of the Population 52.3%
Senior Citizens 10%
Employed Population 16+ 64,918
Age of the Population 30

Families

% of people married 48%
Average household size 4

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 17.2%
Median Earnings25+ $22,293
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $14,345
Median Earnings With High School Degree $20,885

Wealth

Median Family Income $36,046
% Above Poverty Level 64.3%
% Below Poverty Level 35.7%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 19 minutes
% Working from Home 3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.9%
% Using Public Transportation 1%

Housing

People Living Alone 17.3%
Median Gross Rent $632
Median House Value $81,900

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 89.9%
US/American 0%
English 0.7%
Irish 0.8%

Brownsville Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 131 miles S of Corpus Christi, Texas
County Cameron
Metro Area Brownsville - Harlingen - San Benito
Standard Zip Codes 78520, 78521, 78526
P.O. Box Zip Codes 78522, 78523
Phone Area Codes 956
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 25.901
Longitude -97.497

Brownsville Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station BROWNSVILLE AP
Distance 4 miles
Jan Temp 51 to 69 F
Apr Temp 65 to 82 F
Jul Temp 75 to 92 F
Oct Temp 66 to 84 F
Annual Precip 27.5 inches
Station PORT ISABEL
Distance 20.9 miles
Jan Temp 52 to 67 F
Apr Temp 67 to 79 F
Jul Temp 78 to 89 F
Oct Temp 70 to 83 F
Annual Precip 28.5 inches
Station SANTA ROSA 3 WNW
Distance 34.1 miles
Jan Temp 48 to 69 F
Apr Temp 63 to 85 F
Jul Temp 75 to 96 F
Oct Temp 64 to 86 F
Annual Precip 21.4 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Brownsville, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Acacia Lake (78520)

Boca Chica (78520)

Bville (78520)

El Jardin (78520)

Keller Corner (78520)

Kennedy Shores (78520)

Palm Village (78520)

Palo Alto Battlefield Nation (78520)

Portway Acres (78520)

Villa Cavazos (78520)

Villa Nueva (78520)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income

Brownsville Public Libraries

Library
Brownsville Public Library
2600 CENTRAL BLVD
Brownsville, Texas
(956) 548-1055
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Brownsville Hospitals

VALLEY BAPTIST MEDICAL CENTER - BROWNSVILLE
(Proprietary)
1040 W JEFFERSON ST
(956) 544-1400
Emergency Service: Yes

VALLEY REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
100 A ALTON GLOOR
(956) 350-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

BROWNSVILLE SURGICAL HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
4750 NORTH EXPRESSWAY
(956) 554-2000
Emergency Service: No

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
 
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Brownsville High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

HANNA H S
2615 PRICE RD
956-548-7600
A Title I School.
Serves 2,506 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.3

RIVERA H S
6955 FM 802
956-831-8700
A Title I School.
Serves 2,359 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.6

PACE H S
314 W LOS EBANOS BLVD
956-548-7700
A Title I School.
Serves 2,239 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.4

PORTER H S
3500 INTERNATIONAL BLVD
956-548-7800
A Title I School.
Serves 2,064 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.9

LOPEZ H S
3205 S DAKOTA AVE
956-982-7400
A Title I School.
Serves 1,830 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.9

LINCOLN PARK SCH
7 ORANGE ST
956-548-7880
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 160 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 8.9

CAMERON CO J J A E P
1900 PRICE RD
956-361-8270
A Non-traditional School
Serves 22 students.

ALTER CTR
1351 E POLK ST
956-982-2860
A Non-traditional School

TEEN LEARNING COMMUNITY
2044 N CORIA
956-504-6305
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.

Brownsville Colleges

Click school name for a detailed profile.

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Career and College Resources

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Career References and Original Articles
College Directories and Lists
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Info for Brownsville Government Officials


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