Introduction to Canyon, Texas

Canyon, Texas, in Randall county, is 17 miles S of Amarillo, Texas and 251 miles W of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The city is considered part of the Amarillo metropolitan area.

Canyon History

Canyon began as a community between the mid to late 19th century. On behalf of T. Anchor Ranch in 1878, William B. Munson and Jot Gunter selected the site where the City of Canyon would be built. Settlers arrived from 1887 onwards, after the arrival of L.G. Conner. Conner’s home went on to become the area’s general store, post office and voting place. Canyon City was declared the county seat of Randall County in 1889, and incorporated as the City of Canyon in 1906.

Canyon and nearby Attractions

  • Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum
  • Lake Rita Blanca State Park
  • Palo Duro Canyon State Park

Things To Do In Canyon

The Palo Duro Canyon State Park occupies 26,275 acres in the northern area of the Palo Duro Canyon, which is the second largest canyon in the country. Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge is a popular wintering destination for migrating waterfowl, and is host to thousands of geese and ducks every winter. The area consists of 7,664 acres of shortgrass prairie, marsh, woodland, riparian and cropland habitats.

Canyon Transportation

Air transportation facilities are available at Amarillo International Airport.

Canyon Higher Education

West Texas A & M University is the local institution providing courses in higher education. Other nearby colleges include Amarillo College and Wayland Baptist University.


Total Population 14,248
Male Share of the Population 47%
Female Share of the Population 53%
Senior Citizens 10.5%
Employed Population 16+ 7,167
Age of the Population 27


% of people married 41.7%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 41.5%
Median Earnings25+ $38,125
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $24,271
Median Earnings With High School Degree $27,222


Median Family Income $64,758
% Above Poverty Level 79.9%
% Below Poverty Level 20.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 21 minutes
% Working from Home 2.2%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7.8%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 29.2%
Median Gross Rent $738
Median House Value $150,600


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 34.6%
US/American 0%
English 11%
Irish 11.8%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Canyon Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 17 miles S of Amarillo, Texas (center to center)
Nearest Large City 251 miles W of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
County Randall
Metro Area Amarillo
Standard Zip Codes 79015
Company Zip Codes 79016
Phone Area Codes 806
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 34.98
Longitude -101.918

Canyon Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station CANYON
Distance 0.9 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 52 F
Apr Temp 43 to 74 F
Jul Temp 66 to 93 F
Oct Temp 46 to 75 F
Annual Precip 19.1 inches
Distance 20.5 miles
Jan Temp 23 to 49 F
Apr Temp 42 to 71 F
Jul Temp 65 to 91 F
Oct Temp 45 to 72 F
Annual Precip 19.7 inches
Station DIMMITT 2 N
Distance 34.7 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 49 F
Apr Temp 37 to 71 F
Jul Temp 62 to 90 F
Oct Temp 41 to 71 F
Annual Precip 19.7 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Amarillo 196,571 $57,976
Happy 754 $52,143

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Canyon Public Libraries

Canyon Area Library
1501 3RD AVE
Canyon, Texas
(806) 655-5015
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

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Canyon High Schools

910 9TH AVE
Serves 868 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.2

Canyon Colleges

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Additional Details
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Career and College Resources

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Info for Canyon Government Officials

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