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Overview

Introduction to El Paso, Texas

El Paso is located on the north bank of the Rio Grande in western Texas. Originally claimed in 1598 by Spain and settled in 1659 by Spanish colonists, it was named El Paso ("the crossing") after the route to the north. When owned by Mexico, what is now El Paso was part of a larger city that included Ciudad Juárez on the south bank of the Rio Grande. During the Mexican Revolution, Francisco "Pancho" Villa lived and organized his forces in El Paso. After the Mexican American war in 1848, El Paso passed into US hands, becoming a city in 1873, and soon after that, the stomping grounds for legendary figures Billy the Kidd, Wyatt Earp, and Pat Garrett.

Today, El Paso is the fifth-largest city (565,000) in Texas and one of the emerging Southwestern cities quickly joining the ranks of the country's new urban centers. The petroleum, mining and defense industries boost the city's strong economy, with US military installation Fort Bliss a leading employer. The city's history, Latin flavor ( nearly three-quarters of El Paso's population is Latin) and proximity to Mexico attract thousands of visitors each year. El Paso is among America's safest and most affordable cities.

El Paso Culture

The El Paso Centennial Museum on the UTEP campus, established to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the state, celebrates Texas history. Prehistoric drawings can be viewed 32 miles northeast of the city at Hueco Tanks State Historical Park, which is also a perfect place for hiking and rock climbing. Fort Bliss has 2 museums and hosts many annual events such as the Amigo Air Show, Oktoberfest, Showtime, USA and Armed Forces Day. Other historic sites and museums in the El Paso area include Magoffin Home State Historical Park, the Wilderness Park Museum, the Border Patrol Museum and the El Paso Museum of Art.

El Paso Sports and Leisure

Cohen Stadium in northeast El Paso hosts minor league baseball home games of the El Paso Diablos, the AA affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. During the college football season, the University of Texas at El Paso perennially ranks among the best in the country. On New Year's Eve, college football's Sun Bowl attracts crowds of more than 40,000 to one of the premier events in the sport. The Sun Bowl also hosts the El Paso Patriots (USL) soccer games, providing affordable entertainment. Just 6 miles across the New Mexico border, Sunland Park, has horseracing from October through May. Within an hour's drive, New Mexico State University in Las Cruces offers more college sports.

El Paso Outdoors

The comfortably dry heat of the El Paso sun (temperatures averaging in the low 80s during the summer and above 40 in the winter) allows outdoor recreation throughout the year. El Paso has 7 public golf courses, including highly-acclaimed Painted Dunes. Across the New Mexico state border are several getaway spots allowing hiking, hunting and fishing. A 2-hour drive to Ruidoso will access horse racing, hunting and fishing, and mountains offering great skiing in the winter months.

El Paso at Night

El Paso has an energetic nightlife. Numerous bars and clubs can be found downtown and within walking distance across the Mexican border in Ciudad Juárez. A charming blend of American and Mexican cultures, the "Sun Capital of Texas" offers big-city attractions with a small-town flavor.

People

Total Population 676,325
Male Share of the Population 48.4%
Female Share of the Population 51.6%
Senior Citizens 11.9%
Employed Population 16+ 281,532
Age of the Population 33

Families

% of people married 46.9%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 23.2%
Median Earnings25+ $28,640
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,574
Median Earnings With High School Degree $22,815

Wealth

Median Family Income $48,027
% Above Poverty Level 79.1%
% Below Poverty Level 20.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 23 minutes
% Working from Home 3%
% Walking and Biking to Work 2.1%
% Using Public Transportation 1.8%

Housing

People Living Alone 23.4%
Median Gross Rent $752
Median House Value $118,400

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 81.4%
US/American 0%
English 1.7%
Irish 2.7%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

El Paso Almanac

Category Value
County El Paso
Metro Area El Paso
Standard Zip Codes 79901, 79902, 79903, 79904, 79905, 79906, 79907, 79908, 79910, 79911, 79912, 79915, 79916, 79918, 79922, 79924, 79925, 79927, 79928, 79930, 79932, 79934, 79935, 79936, 79938
P.O. Box Zip Codes 79913, 79914, 79917, 79920, 79923, 79926, 79929, 79931, 79937, 79940, 79941, 79942, 79943, 79944, 79945, 79946, 79947, 79948, 79949, 79950, 79951, 79952, 79953, 79954, 79955, 79982, 79983, 79984, 79985, 79986, 79987, 79988, 79989, 79990, 79991, 79992, 79993, 79994, 79995, 79996, 79997, 79998, 799
Company Zip Codes 79958, 79960, 79961, 79966, 79968, 79973, 79974, 79975, 79976, 79977, 79978, 79980
Phone Area Codes 915
Time Zone Mountain (-7 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 31.758
Longitude -106.486

El Paso Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station EL PASO INTL AP
Distance 7.3 miles
Jan Temp 33 to 57 F
Apr Temp 51 to 78 F
Jul Temp 72 to 95 F
Oct Temp 52 to 78 F
Annual Precip 9.4 inches
Station YSLETA
Distance 10.8 miles
Jan Temp 29 to 61 F
Apr Temp 47 to 81 F
Jul Temp 69 to 99 F
Oct Temp 48 to 81 F
Annual Precip 9.7 inches
Station EL PASO 32 ENE
Distance 31 miles
Jan Temp 30 to 53 F
Apr Temp 46 to 73 F
Jul Temp 64 to 91 F
Oct Temp 49 to 75 F
Annual Precip 11.1 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, El Paso, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Biggs Field (79908, 79918)

Wbamc (79920)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Anthony 5,305 $35,132
Clint 820 $61,042
Horizon City 18,981 $59,541

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

El Paso Public Libraries

Library
El Paso Public Library
501 N OREGON ST
El Paso, Texas
(915) 543-5404

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More Information for Librarians

El Paso Hospitals

LAS PALMAS MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
1801 NORTH OREGON STREET
(915) 521-1200
Emergency Service: Yes

PROVIDENCE MEMORIAL HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
2001 N OREGON ST
(915) 577-6011
Emergency Service: Yes

SIERRA MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
1625 MEDICAL CENTER DR
(915) 747-4000
Emergency Service: Yes

EL PASO SPECIALTY HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
1755 CURIE SUITE A
(915) 544-3636
Emergency Service: Yes

SOUTHWESTERN GENERAL HOSPITAL
(Proprietary)
1221 N COTTON
(915) 496-9600
Emergency Service: Yes

R E THOMASON GENERAL HOSPITAL
(Government - Hospital District or Authority)
4815 ALAMEDA AVE
(915) 521-7602
Emergency Service: Yes

DEL SOL MEDICAL CENTER
(Proprietary)
10301 GATEWAY WEST
(915) 595-9000
Emergency Service: Yes

PHYSICIANS SPECIALTY HOSPITAL OF EL PASO
(Proprietary)
1416 GEORGE DIETER
(915) 598-4240
Emergency Service: Yes

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El Paso High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

AMERICAS H S
12101 PELLICANO
915-937-2800
A Title I School.
Serves 2,913 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18.1

MONTWOOD H S
12000 MONTWOOD
915-937-2400
A Title I School.
Serves 2,746 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.1

SOCORRO H S
10150 ALAMEDA AVE
915-937-2000
A Title I School.
Serves 2,744 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

FRANKLIN H S
900 N RESLER DR
915-832-6600
Serves 2,625 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 18

CORONADO H S
100 CHAMPIONS PL
915-834-2460
Serves 2,518 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.2

J M HANKS H S
2001 LEE TREVINO DR
915-434-5000
A Title I School.
Serves 2,434 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.4

BEL AIR H S
731 YARBROUGH DR
915-434-2000
A Title I School.
Serves 2,284 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

EASTWOOD H S
2430 MCRAE BLVD
915-434-4000
A Title I School.
Serves 2,137 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.4

ANDRESS H S
5400 SUN VLY DR
915-832-8600
A Title I School.
Serves 1,904 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.1

DEL VALLE H S
950 BORDEAUX DR
915-434-3000
A Title I School.
Serves 1,868 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.8

YSLETA H S
8600 ALAMEDA AVE
915-434-8000
A Title I School.
Serves 1,850 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16.3

IRVIN H S
9465 ROANOKE DR
915-587-3500
A Title I School.
Serves 1,709 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.8

CHAPIN HS
7001 GATEWAY BLVD S
915-832-6730
A Title I School.
Serves 1,606 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

RIVERSIDE H S
301 MIDWAY DR
915-434-7000
A Title I School.
Serves 1,412 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.6

BURGES H S
7800 EDGEMERE WAY
915-780-1100
A Title I School.
Serves 1,387 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.7

AUSTIN H S
3500 MEMPHIS AVE
915-587-2500
A Title I School.
Serves 1,373 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.9

CANUTILLO H S
7965 ARTCRAFT
915-877-7500
A Title I School.
Serves 1,266 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.4

BOWIE H S
801 S SAN MARCIAL ST
915-496-8200
A Title I School.
Serves 1,210 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.9

PARKLAND H S
5932 QUAIL AVE
915-434-6000
A Title I School.
Serves 1,172 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.9

JEFFERSON H S
4700 ALAMEDA AVE
915-496-8010
A Title I School.
Serves 1,137 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.1

EL PASO H S
800 E SCHUSTER AVE
915-496-8300
A Title I School.
Serves 1,109 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.6

MOUNTAIN VIEW HIGH SCHOOL
14521 HORIZON BLVD
915-857-1011
A Title I School.
Serves 1,046 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17.1

EL DORADO HIGH SCHOOL
12401 EDGEMERE BLVD
915-937-3200
A Title I School.
Serves 1,041 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.5

CLINT HIGH SCHOOL
14521 HORIZON BLVD
915-851-2344
A Title I School.
Serves 732 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.9

SILVA HEALTH MAGNET
121 VAL VERDE ST
915-533-9654
A Vocational School
Serves 650 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22

EL PASO ACADEMY
11000 ARGAL CT
915-590-8589
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 559 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 17

PLATO ACADEMY
7924 GATEWAY E #205
915-434-9000
A Non-traditional School
Serves 286 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 22

PASO DEL NORTE ACADEMY
711 N MESA
915-532-7216
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 211 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 35.8

TEJAS SCHOOL OF CHOICE
7500 ALPHA ST
915-434-9900
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 163 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.6

SUNSET H S
6531 BOEING DR
915-779-4199
A Non-traditional School
Serves 153 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.2

KEYS ACAD
313 S RIO VISTA
915-937-4000
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 121 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.3

SCHOOL-AGE PARENT CTR
1170 WALNUT ST
915-545-5960
A Non-traditional School
Serves 97 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.1

CESAR CHAVEZ ACAD
7814 ALAMEDA AVE
915-434-9600
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 85 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.7

DISTRICT HOMEBOUND
9600 SIMS DR
915-434-0000
A Non-traditional School
Serves 80 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 3.3

DELTA ACADEMY
6531 BOEING DR
915-774-0447
A Non-traditional School
Serves 70 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 4.3

TELLES ACADEMY
320 S CAMPBELL ST
915-496-4600
A Non-traditional School
Serves 60 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 3.2

REGIONAL DAY SCHOOL-DEAF
1308 ZUNI PL
915-779-8151
A Special Education School
Serves 10 students.

CESAR CHAVEZ ACADEMY J J A E P
7814 ALAMEDA AVE
915-434-9600
A Non-traditional School
Serves 7 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 23.3

TELLES ACADEMY J J A E P
320 S CAMPBELL ST
915-496-4600
A Non-traditional School
Serves 3 students.

EL PASO PSYCHIATRIC CTR
6531 BOEING DR
915-532-2202
A Non-traditional School

OCCUPATIONAL CTR
5300 WARRIORS DR
915-587-9680

CAREER & TECH ED CTR
1170 WALNUT ST
915-545-5900

Additional Details
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Historic El Paso

photo

Mexican adobe house (Mt. Franklin in distance, El Paso) c1907

Select a photo to view (Source):

Mexican adobe house (Mt. Franklin in distance, El Paso) c1907

Mexican church at the smelter (El Paso) c1907

El Paso Street (El Paso) c1903.

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