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Overview

Introduction to Garland, Texas

Garland is a Texas city in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metropolitan area. The city is situated about 15 miles northeast of Dallas and is one of the state's most populous cities. Major highways traversing the city include Interstates I-30 and I-635; and Texas State Highways 66 and 78. Located nearby are U.S. Routes 75 and 80.

The genesis of Garland can be traced to early rural communities and townships, the first of which was Duck Creek. Established during the mid-to-latter stages of the 19th century, Duck Creek became an agricultural community whose principal crop was cotton. The arrival of the Santa Fe Railroad in 1886, which bypassed old Duck Creek by almost a mile, gave rise to a competing community known as Embree. Later that same year, the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad (MK&T) built its own station a little north of Embree and called it the new Duck Creek. The competition between the communities was resolved in 1887 when the government located a new post office between the two towns and named the new location Garland in honor of then U.S. Attorney General Augustus H. Garland. The city became incorporated in 1891. By the mid-20th century, Garland has begun transforming itself from an agricultural town to an industrial one, as new industries became attracted by the city's resources. Production during World War II gave the city a large economic and population boost, and during the latter half of the 20th-century the city focused on developing its available land area around its diversified industrial base. Garland today is one of the state's larger cities, yet retains the character of a small family town.

Garland Area Attractions

The Patty Granville Arts Center is a complex owned and operated by the city. Included within the complex are two elegant proscenium theatres which seat 720 and 200, respectively. Also included as part of the complex is the Plaza Theatre, which has seating for 350. The Atrium at the Granville Arts Center is a 6,500 square foot ballroom encased in glass on two sides and opening onto an elegant outdoor courtyard. The Atrium provides civic, community and commercial organizations the opportunity to house banquets, receptions, trade shows, and conventions. The Garland Opry is a non-profit organization which has been providing the Garland community with weekly Country and Gospel music entertainment for over 32 years.

There are numerous attractions outside the city limits of Garland but within minutes of the city in the Dallas-Fort Worth metro area. Some of these include:

  • Dallas Museum of Art
  • Dallas Zoo
  • Trammell & Margaret Crow Collection of Asian Art
  • Conspiracy Museum
  • Dallas Arboretum
  • Galleria Dallas
  • Fountain Place
  • Sixth Floor Museum
  • Thanks-Giving Square

Sports fans can find plenty of professional action within the Dallas-Fort Worth metro area. The following teams play their home games within minutes of Garland:

  • The Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League
  • The Texas Rangers of Major League Baseball
  • The Dallas Stars of the National Hockey League
  • The Dallas Mavericks of the National Basketball Association
  • The Dallas Desperados of the Arena Football League
  • FC Dallas of Major League Soccer
  • The Frisco Roughriders, a minor league Class-AA baseball team affiliated with the Texas Rangers
  • The Fort Worth Cats, an independent minor league baseball team in the American Association
  • The Fort Worth Flyers, a minor league basketball team in the NBA Development League

People

Total Population 234,213
Male Share of the Population 49%
Female Share of the Population 51%
Senior Citizens 10.2%
Employed Population 16+ 109,204
Age of the Population 34

Families

% of people married 50%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 21.4%
Median Earnings25+ $30,580
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $20,581
Median Earnings With High School Degree $26,036

Wealth

Median Family Income $55,417
% Above Poverty Level 82.8%
% Below Poverty Level 17.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 28 minutes
% Working from Home 3.7%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1%
% Using Public Transportation 2.4%

Housing

People Living Alone 20.8%
Median Gross Rent $952
Median House Value $117,400

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 66.6%
US/American 0%
English 5.2%
Irish 6.2%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Garland Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 12 miles NE of Dallas, Texas
County Dallas
Standard Zip Codes 75040, 75041, 75042, 75043, 75044, 75048
P.O. Box Zip Codes 75045, 75046, 75047, 75049
Phone Area Codes 972
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 32.912
Longitude -96.638

Garland Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station LAVON DAM
Distance 12.3 miles
Jan Temp 31 to 53 F
Apr Temp 51 to 75 F
Jul Temp 71 to 94 F
Oct Temp 53 to 78 F
Annual Precip 40 inches
Station DALLAS-FT WORTH INTL AP
Distance 22 miles
Jan Temp 34 to 54 F
Apr Temp 54 to 76 F
Jul Temp 75 to 95 F
Oct Temp 56 to 78 F
Annual Precip 34.7 inches
Station KAUFMAN 3 SE
Distance 32.3 miles
Jan Temp 32 to 54 F
Apr Temp 52 to 74 F
Jul Temp 72 to 95 F
Oct Temp 54 to 78 F
Annual Precip 38.9 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Garland Public Libraries

Library
Nicholson Memorial Library System
625 AUSTIN ST
Garland, Texas
(972) 205-2543
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Garland Hospitals

VISTA HOSPITAL OF DALLAS
(Proprietary)
2696 WEST WALNUT STREET
(972) 276-7116
Emergency Service: Yes

BAYLOR MEDICAL CENTER AT GARLAND
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
2300 MARIE CURIE
(972) 487-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Irving
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  • Online MS in Supply Chain Management
  • Master of Governmental Accounting (Online)
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Oklahoma City
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Richardson
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Garland High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

GARLAND H S
310 S GARLAND AVE
972-494-8492
Serves 2,366 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.3

N GARLAND H S
2109 W BUCKINGHAM RD
972-675-3120
Serves 2,350 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.5

S GARLAND H S
600 COLONEL DR
972-926-2700
Serves 2,237 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.8

NAAMAN FOREST H S
4843 NAAMAN FOREST BLVD
972-675-3091
Serves 2,191 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 16

LAKEVIEW CENTENNIAL H S
3505 HAYMAN DR
972-240-3740
Serves 2,015 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.2

ALPHA CHARTER SCHOOL
701 W STATE ST
972-272-2173
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 200 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.5

GISD EVENING SCH
310 S GARLAND AVE
972-494-8290
A Non-traditional School
Serves 177 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.6

GISD ALTERNATIVE SCHOOL
2015 S COUNTRY CLUB RD
972-926-2690
A Non-traditional School
Serves 135 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 5.5

EDUCATION CENTER INTERNATIONAL ACA
2800 W KINGSLEY
972-271-3151
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
Serves 99 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 10.1

COOP BEHAVIORAL CTR
221 S 9TH ST
972-494-8520
A Special Education School
Serves 27 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 2.2

Garland Colleges

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