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Overview

Introduction to Hereford, Texas

Hereford, Texas, in Deaf Smith county, is 42 miles SW of Amarillo, Texas (center to center) and 241 miles E of Albuquerque, New Mexico. The city is home to about 14,597 residents.

Hereford History

The settlement of Hereford was established in the late 1890s, and witnessed growth and development following the construction of the Pecos and Northern Texas Railway in 1899. It was initially known as "Blue Water", because of the waters of Tierra Blanca Creek. However, since another community in Texas had the same name, the town was renamed Hereford after the Hereford cattle brought to the area by ranchers. In the early 1900s, Hereford was a thriving railroad town with a school, a bank, a newspaper, and churches. It was first incorporated on February 13, 1903, and reincorporated in 1906. Hereford was known as "The Windmill City" in the early 1900s because of the presence of more than 400 windmills in the city. In the late 1940s, Hereford gained the reputation of being the "town without a toothache". This fact was attributed to the natural fluoride in the region's water. Edgar Mitchell, the 6th man to walk on the moon, was born in Hereford.

Hereford and Nearby Attractions

  • Deaf Smith County Historical Museum
  • Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • Wonderland Park
  • Panhandle Plains Historical Museum
  • Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument
  • Hillcrest Zoo

Things To Do In Hereford

The city of Hereford is home to the Deaf Smith County Historical Museum, which features Indian and western artifacts, a unique miniature hand-carved three-ring circus, windmill and farm implements, a chapel, a jail cell, and a country store. Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum showcases the historical and cultural heritage of Northwest Texas, while Amarillo Museum of Art houses the artworks of Edward Steichen, Louise Nevelson, Georgia O'Keeffe, and Franz Kline. Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument is a place of historic interest near Hereford. Various activities like hiking, mountain biking, camping, and horseback riding can be pursued at the Palo Duro Canyon State Park. Hereford also offers easy access to popular destinations like Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Hillcrest Zoo, and Wonderland Park.

Hereford Transportation

The closest major airport is Amarillo International Airport.

Hereford Higher Education

Colleges near Hereford include the West Texas A & M University, Clovis Community College, Wayland Baptist University, and Amarillo College.

People

Total Population 15,257
Male Share of the Population 49.2%
Female Share of the Population 50.8%
Senior Citizens 11%
Employed Population 16+ 6,252
Age of the Population 30

Families

% of people married 52.6%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 14.1%
Median Earnings25+ $28,625
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $25,475
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,894

Wealth

Median Family Income $46,612
% Above Poverty Level 75.9%
% Below Poverty Level 24.1%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 14 minutes
% Working from Home 2.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work 0.4%
% Using Public Transportation 0.4%

Housing

People Living Alone 25%
Median Gross Rent $694
Median House Value $84,200

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 77.2%
US/American 0%
English 2.6%
Irish 2.2%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Hereford Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 42 miles SW of Amarillo, Texas (center to center)
Nearest Large City 241 miles E of Albuquerque, New Mexico
County Deaf Smith
Standard Zip Codes 79045
Phone Area Codes 806
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 34.815
Longitude -102.397

Hereford Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station HEREFORD
Distance 0.2 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 50 F
Apr Temp 39 to 72 F
Jul Temp 64 to 92 F
Oct Temp 43 to 73 F
Annual Precip 18.6 inches
Station DIMMITT 2 N
Distance 15.6 miles
Jan Temp 20 to 49 F
Apr Temp 37 to 71 F
Jul Temp 62 to 90 F
Oct Temp 41 to 71 F
Annual Precip 19.7 inches
Station TULIA
Distance 40.8 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 50 F
Apr Temp 40 to 72 F
Jul Temp 64 to 91 F
Oct Temp 44 to 74 F
Annual Precip 20.7 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Dimmitt 4,354 $37,269
Friona 4,018 $51,118

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Hereford Public Libraries

Library
Deaf Smith County Library
211 E 4TH ST
Hereford, Texas
(806) 364-1206
Library Web Site

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More Information for Librarians

Hereford Hospitals

HEREFORD REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER
(Government - Hospital District or Authority)
801 EAST THIRD
(806) 364-2141
Emergency Service: Yes

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Hereford High Schools

HEREFORD H S
200 AVE F
806-363-7620
A Title I School.
Serves 1,138 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.9

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