Introduction to Jacksonville, Texas

Jacksonville, Texas, in Cherokee county, is 26 miles S of Tyler, Texas (center to center) and 106 miles SE of Dallas, Texas.

Jacksonville History

The community of Jacksonville was established in 1847. At that time, it was known as Gum Creek. Jackson Smith and Dr. William Jackson were the early settlers of the area. The region's first post office was established in 1848, and Smith was appointed postmaster. Later, in 1850, the city was renamed Jacksonville in honor of Jackson Smith and Dr. William Jackson.

Jacksonville and nearby Attractions

  • Love's Lookout Park
  • Museum For East Texas Culture
  • Tyler Municipal Rose Garden
  • Caldwell Zoo
  • Historic Aviation Memorial Museum
  • Mission Tejas State Park

Things To Do In Jacksonville

In Jacksonville you can visit Nichols Green Park, Summers A. Norman Aquatic Center, Lake Jacksonville Park, and Buckner Park. Lake Jacksonville offers facilities for boating and fishing. Visitors can also plan a day trip to Davey Dogwood Park which has beautiful rolling hills, flowing streams, and forests. The Vanishing Texana Museum, Depot Museum and Children's Discovery Center, Goodman Museum, and Tyler Museum of Art are also worth visiting.

Jacksonville Transportation

Air transportation is available from Tyler Pounds Regional Airport.

Jacksonville Higher Education

Lon Morris College, Baptist Missionary Association Theological Seminary, and Jacksonville College-Main Campus are local institutes of higher education.


Total Population 14,743
Male Share of the Population 48.7%
Female Share of the Population 51.3%
Senior Citizens 10.9%
Employed Population 16+ 5,544
Age of the Population 29


% of people married 39.2%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 13.8%
Median Earnings25+ $24,904
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $18,810
Median Earnings With High School Degree $21,732


Median Family Income $32,871
% Above Poverty Level 63.1%
% Below Poverty Level 36.9%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 22 minutes
% Working from Home 1%
% Walking and Biking to Work 3.1%
% Using Public Transportation %


People Living Alone 25.5%
Median Gross Rent $651
Median House Value $76,300


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 67.5%
US/American 0%
English 7.3%
Irish 6.6%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Jacksonville Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 26 miles S of Tyler, Texas (center to center)
Nearest Large City 106 miles SE of Dallas, Texas
County Cherokee
Standard Zip Codes 75766
Phone Area Codes 903
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 31.963
Longitude -95.27

Jacksonville Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 0.3 miles
Jan Temp 35 to 58 F
Apr Temp 53 to 77 F
Jul Temp 72 to 94 F
Oct Temp 55 to 79 F
Annual Precip 46 inches
Distance 23 miles
Jan Temp 37 to 58 F
Apr Temp 55 to 78 F
Jul Temp 72 to 94 F
Oct Temp 56 to 80 F
Annual Precip 46.3 inches
Distance 31.5 miles
Jan Temp 33 to 56 F
Apr Temp 50 to 76 F
Jul Temp 71 to 93 F
Oct Temp 52 to 78 F
Annual Precip 48.2 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Jacksonville, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Cove Spring (75766)

Craft (75766)

Enterprise (75766)

Ironton (75766)

Lake Jacksonville (75766)

Pierces Chapel (75766)

Pine Hill (75766)

Ponta (75766)

Reese (75766)

Tecula (75766)

Turney (75766)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Bullard 2,677 $81,750
Cuney 88 $16,250
Gallatin 349 $70,625

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Jacksonville Public Libraries

Jacksonville Public Library
Jacksonville, Texas
(903) 586-7664
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Jacksonville Hospitals

(Voluntary non-profit - Other)
(903) 541-4500
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(903) 541-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

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Click the Request Info buttons to request more information from a representative at the school.

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Jacksonville High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

A Title I School.
Serves 1,190 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 12.5

1547 E PINE ST
A Non-traditional School
A Title I School.
Serves 136 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.1

Additional Details
Jacksonville Colleges
Jacksonville colleges and trade schools.
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