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Overview

Introduction to Killeen, Texas

Killeen is located in Bell County. The economy of Killeen is strongly dependent on nearby Fort Hood and its soldiers. The military base is one of the largest in the country.

History

In 1881 the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway constructed a railroad through the Central Texas area. The company established a town and named it Killeen in tribute to Frank P. Killeen who was the assistant general manager for the railroad. By 1884 the town had several general stores, a couple of grist mills, two cotton gins, a hotel and a lumberyard. The city became a prominent shipping location for grains, cotton and wool.

By 1900 approximately 780 people resided in Killeen. In 1905 a noteworthy event occurred for the town when politicians as well as businessmen were able to persuade the Texas legislature to construct bridges over Cowhouse Creek and other streams which caused the city's trading area to double in size.

In 1942 a major event occurred, when Camp Hood (later named Fort Hood in 1950) was constructed as a military training post during World War II. Soldiers and their families along with people working in construction migrated to Killeen which caused an enormous growth in the population. More than 300 farms and ranches were eliminated due to the land requirements of Camp Hood.

The cotton gins and agricultural businesses were crushed. Providing services for the military personnel and the military base became major factors in the city's economy. When the vast majority of the military base personnel left the area after World War II ended, Killeen experienced a recession. However, Fort Hood became a permanent military base in 1950 and the economy began to thrive.

Transportation

The city is served by the Killeen-Fort Hood Regional Airport and the small Skylark Field. Bus transportation is provided by HOP.

Attractions

  • The Killeen Civic and Conference Center contains a vast ballroom and Rodeo Arena
  • The Mayborn Planetarium and Space Theatre features star projector sky shows and laser light shows
  • The First Cavalry Division and Fourth Infantry Division museums are situated in Fort Hood
  • Benton Lake
  • Stillhouse Lake
  • Miller Springs Nature Center
  • Chalk Ridge Falls

Higher Education

The city is home to Central Texas College and Tarleton State University has a campus in the area.

People

Total Population 136,378
Male Share of the Population 49.4%
Female Share of the Population 50.6%
Senior Citizens 5.7%
Employed Population 16+ 60,850
Age of the Population 28

Families

% of people married 53%
Average household size 3

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 19.2%
Median Earnings25+ $31,149
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $15,542
Median Earnings With High School Degree $24,304

Wealth

Median Family Income $51,950
% Above Poverty Level 84.8%
% Below Poverty Level 15.2%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 21 minutes
% Working from Home 1.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 1.8%
% Using Public Transportation 0.4%

Housing

People Living Alone 24.3%
Median Gross Rent $874
Median House Value $117,700

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 56.9%
US/American 0%
English 3.1%
Irish 6.1%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Killeen Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 58 miles N of Austin, Texas
County Bell
Metro Area Killeen - Temple
Standard Zip Codes 76541, 76542, 76543, 76544, 76548, 76549
P.O. Box Zip Codes 76540, 76547
Company Zip Codes 76545, 76546
Phone Area Codes 254
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 31.116
Longitude -97.727

Killeen Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station KILLEEN 3 S
Distance 3.5 miles
Jan Temp 34 to 58 F
Apr Temp 53 to 78 F
Jul Temp 72 to 95 F
Oct Temp 56 to 80 F
Annual Precip 32.8 inches
Station BELTON DAM
Distance 14.5 miles
Jan Temp 35 to 57 F
Apr Temp 54 to 77 F
Jul Temp 72 to 94 F
Oct Temp 56 to 79 F
Annual Precip 35.2 inches
Station LAMPASAS
Distance 27.2 miles
Jan Temp 30 to 58 F
Apr Temp 51 to 77 F
Jul Temp 71 to 94 F
Oct Temp 52 to 79 F
Annual Precip 31 inches

Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Killeen, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Chaffee Village (76544)

Clear Creek (76544)

Maxdale (76542)

McNair Village (76544)

Montague Village (76544)

Youngsport (76542)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Belton 19,766 $56,612
Copperas Cove 33,005 $60,911
Florence 870 $51,042
Harker Heights 28,199 $75,526

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Killeen Public Libraries

Library
Killeen City Library System
205 E CHURCH ST
Killeen, Texas
(254) 501-8994

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Killeen Hospitals

METROPLEX HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Church)
2201 S CLEAR CREEK ROAD
(254) 526-7523
Emergency Service: Yes

Click the Visit School Site buttons to go directly to a school's website and learn more about the school and programs it has to offer. School website will open in a new tab.
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Results:  5
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Grand Prairie
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Programs
  • Master of Arts in Law - Non-Profit Management
  • Bachelor of Arts in English - Self-Designed
  • Bachelor of Science in Professional Studies
  • Recognized as a Top 20 Best Online Bachelor’s Program by U.S. News & World Report in 2016.
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  • Tends to educate degree-seeking online and campus-based students who are adult learners with families and students who work while pursuing higher education.

Killeen High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

HARKER HEIGHTS HIGH SCHOOL
200 N W S YOUNG DR
254-501-0800
Serves 2,120 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.1

SHOEMAKER HIGH SCHOOL
200 N W S YOUNG DR
254-501-0900
Serves 2,059 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.7

ELLISON HIGH SCHOOL
909 ELMS RD
254-501-0600
Serves 1,752 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.9

KILLEEN HIGH SCHOOL
500 N 38TH ST
254-501-0400
Serves 1,599 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.3

DESTINY HIGH SCHOOL
1801 E RANCIER
254-690-0856
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
Serves 277 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 92.3

RICHARD MILBURN ALTER H S (KILLEEN
1001 E VETERANS MEMORIAL BLVD
254-634-4444
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 161 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 20.1

TRANSFORMATIVE CHARTER ACADEMY
807 N 8TH ST
254-628-8989
A Non-traditional School
A Charter School.
A Title I School.
Serves 134 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 67

PATHWAYS LEARNING CENTER
3004 ATKINSON DR
254-501-0550
A Non-traditional School
Serves 72 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 6.5

KILLEEN J J A E P
200 N W S YOUNG DR
254-690-7336
A Non-traditional School
Serves 66 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11

METROPLEX SCHOOL
200 N W S YOUNG DR
254-501-0284
A Non-traditional School
Serves 29 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.6

BELL COUNTY JUVENILE DETENTION CEN
200 N W S YOUNG DR
254-690-7336
A Non-traditional School
Serves 19 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 19

BELL CO J J A E P
4800 E RANCIER AVE
254-690-7022
A Non-traditional School
Serves 3 students.

ALL SCHOOLS
200 N W S YOUNG DR
254-501-0009

Killeen Colleges

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