Introduction to Nacogdoches, Texas

The city of Nacogdoches is the county seat of Nacogdoches County, which lies in the eastern part of the state of Texas. Incorporated in 1837, Nacogdoches claims the distinction of being the oldest town in the state. The city has actually been under more flags than the state of Texas. In addition to Texas' Six Flags (Spanish, French, Mexican, The Lone Star, The Confederate, and The United States), Nacogdoches has also served under the flags of The Long Republic, The Magee-Gutierrez Republic, and The Fredonia Republic. The city is located approximately 130 miles southeast of Dallas, 140 miles northeast of Houston, and 90 miles southwest of Shreveport, Louisiana.

Nacogdoches was the site of Texas' first producing oil well, which was drilled in 1861. In later years, the advent of the railroad established Nacogdoches as a viable commercial center. The 20th century saw a shift in the city's industrial base from cotton and tobacco to banking, poultry, tools, medical services, and education. The most significant economic development in the city's recent history was the enlargement of the Stephen F. Austin State University in the 1960s, which triggered a rapid boost to the city's growth.

Nacogdoches was also the site of a notable 1912 Marx Brothers performance which convinced the brothers to switch from singing to comedy. Audience reaction to their singing prompted Groucho to ad-lib some insults about the town, and the ensuing laughter started the act on its new and successful course. A historic plaque commemorating the event is posted in downtown Nacogdoches.

Things to do in Nacogdoches

The oldest town in Texas is also one of the most charming. In addition to the numerous locally owned specialty and antique shops, there are many historic and cultural sites to explore. Following are some of the more interesting local activities and attractions:

  • Lanana Creek Trail: A 2.5-mile trail beginning at Liberty Hall in historic downtown
  • Millard's Crossing Historic Village: A reconstructed historic village depicting East Texas life as it existed in the 19th century
  • Oak Grove Cemetery: Famed as the final resting place for a number of legendary Texans.
  • Sterne-Hoya House Museum: Baptismal spot of Sam Houston
  • Mast Arboretum
  • Stephen F. Austin State University
  • Lake Nacogdoches
  • Stone Fort Museum

Sports fans who like to make day-trips can take the ride to Houston or Dallas (approximately 3 hours to each city) and watch some exciting pro sports action. The following teams are located in Houston:

  • Baseball: Houston Astros
  • Football: Houston Texans
  • Basketball: Houston Rockets (NBA) and Houston Comets (WNBA)
  • Hockey (American Hockey League): Houston Aeros
  • Soccer: Houston Dynamo

The Dallas area is home to the following teams:

  • Baseball: Texas Rangers (located in Arlington)
  • Football: Dallas Cowboys
  • Basketball: Dallas Mavericks
  • Hockey (NHL): Dallas Stars
  • Soccer: FC Dallas
  • American Association Minor-League Baseball: Fort Worth Cats (independent)


Total Population 33,774
Male Share of the Population 46.4%
Female Share of the Population 53.6%
Senior Citizens 10.5%
Employed Population 16+ 13,781
Age of the Population 24


% of people married 32%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 30.6%
Median Earnings25+ $30,408
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $16,793
Median Earnings With High School Degree $20,145


Median Family Income $45,739
% Above Poverty Level 70%
% Below Poverty Level 30%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 16 minutes
% Working from Home 1.9%
% Walking and Biking to Work 7.7%
% Using Public Transportation 0.1%


People Living Alone 36.4%
Median Gross Rent $740
Median House Value $123,300


Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 58.5%
US/American 0%
English 6.9%
Irish 7.2%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Nacogdoches Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 62 miles S of Longview, Texas (center to center)
Nearest Large City 134 miles N of Houston, Texas
County Nacogdoches
Standard Zip Codes 75961, 75964, 75965
P.O. Box Zip Codes 75963
Company Zip Codes 75962
Phone Area Codes 936
Time Zone Central (-6 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 31.603
Longitude -94.655

Nacogdoches Climate

Nearest Weather Stations


  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Distance 1 miles
Jan Temp 36 to 57 F
Apr Temp 55 to 76 F
Jul Temp 74 to 94 F
Oct Temp 56 to 79 F
Annual Precip 48.3 inches
Distance 26.2 miles
Jan Temp 38 to 59 F
Apr Temp 54 to 78 F
Jul Temp 72 to 94 F
Oct Temp 55 to 80 F
Annual Precip 46.6 inches
Distance 46.6 miles
Jan Temp 37 to 61 F
Apr Temp 53 to 79 F
Jul Temp 71 to 95 F
Oct Temp 55 to 82 F
Annual Precip 48.1 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Chireno 408 $54,000
Cushing 589 $56,250
Garrison 897 $37,031

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Nacogdoches Public Libraries

Nacogdoches Public Library
Nacogdoches, Texas
(936) 559-2970
Library Web Site

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Nacogdoches Hospitals

(936) 568-3800
Emergency Service: Yes

(Government - Hospital District or Authority)
(936) 564-4611
Emergency Service: Yes

These schools offer particularly quick info upon request, and we have written detailed profiles for each (click school names to see the profiles). Request info from multiple schools, by clicking the Request Info links.
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Nacogdoches High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,887 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.5

10317 US HWY 259 N
Serves 308 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 11.1

A Non-traditional School

Nacogdoches Colleges

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