Arlington, Virginia

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Arlington, Virginia

Introduction to Arlington, Virginia

Arlington is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia, on the west bank of the Potomac River directly across from Washington, D.C. Although sometimes referred to as a city, Arlington is actually a county which contains no incorporated towns or cities within its boundaries. Originally part of the 10-mile square area set aside in 1791 for the nation’s capital, the land now comprising Arlington County was returned to the Commonwealth of Virginia by the U.S. Congress in 1846 and was known at the time as Alexandria County. In 1852, the independent City of Alexandria was incorporated from a portion of the County, leading to confusion, as two adjacent municipal entities continued to share the same name ("Alexandria"). The confusion was resolved in 1920, when Alexandria County renamed itself Arlington County, borrowing its name from the Arlington National Cemetery, which had been established during the Civil War on the grounds of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's former home, Arlington House.

Although best known generally as the home of the Pentagon, The Iwo Jima War Memorial, and Arlington National Cemetery, the County is also an important employment center. The Federal Government accounts for the lion's share of the roughly 200,000 jobs in Arlington, but high-tech companies have become increasingly prominent, as have several major associations, Fortune 500 companies, and other nationally known employers. The County’s residential population is among the most highly educated in the nation and is increasingly diverse. Arlington is the home of Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and is serviced by the Orange, Blue and Yellow lines of the Washington Metro. The County is traversed by two Interstate highways, I-66 and I-395; as well as by the George Washington Memorial Parkway.

Arlington Area Attractions

The name Arlington is synonymous in many people's minds with Arlington National Cemetery, the most famous national cemetery in the United States. Veterans from all the nation's wars are buried in the cemetery, as are two former Presidents (John F. Kennedy and William Howard Taft). Also located in Arlington are the Pentagon, headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, and several notable memorials, including the U.S. Marine Corps War Memorial (also known as the "Iwo Jima Memorial"), the U.S. Air Force Memorial, and the Women in Military Service for America Memorial.

Other attractions in Arlington include the Arlington Arts Center, founded in 1976 and housed in the historic Maury School; the Arlington Historical Museum, housed in a two-story brick structure built in 1891 and currently standing as the oldest school building in Arlington County. The Ball-Sellers house, a one-room log cabin with a loft built by a farmer named John Ball in 1742, is a rare example of an ordinary person's dwelling of the 1700s. The Ellipse Arts Center is a 3,000 square foot visual arts facility which opened in 1990, and presents a diverse schedule of high quality programs in the visual arts. A wealth of other attractions abound in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, including the following:

  • The National Mall
  • Ford's Theatre
  • The National Archives
  • National Air and Space Museum
  • International Spy Museum
  • Lincoln Theatre
  • John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
  • Chinatown
  • African American Civil War Memorial
  • Blair House
  • Folger Shakespeare Library
  • National Geographic Society
  • Frederick Douglass National Historic Site
  • National Building Museum

Visitors to Arlington can take the very short trip to the other side of the Potomac, where the city of Washington hosts several major league professional sports franchises. These include football's Redskins (NFL), baseball's Nationals (MLB), basketball's Wizards (NBA) and Mystics (WNBA), hockey's Capitals (NHL), soccer's DC United (MLS), and lacrosse's Bayhawks (MLL).

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High Points

Arlington strengths, compared to Peers (similar size places nationally) or State (other places in Virginia):

Category Trophy
College Educated Adults
(vs. Peers)
Top 1% trophy Arlington College Educated Adults
Well-Paid Single Women
(vs. Peers)
Top 1% trophy Arlington Well-Paid Single Women
Well-Paid Single Men
(vs. Peers)
Top 1% trophy Arlington Well-Paid Single Men
Median Family Income
(vs. Peers)
Top 3% trophy Arlington Median Family Income
Public Transportation Use
(vs. Peers)
Top 5% trophy Arlington Public Transportation Use
Racial Diversity
(vs. State)
Top 6% Arlington Racial Diversity
Walking and Biking to Work
(vs. State)
Top 7% Arlington Walking and Biking to Work
People in Middle Class or Better
(vs. Peers)
Top 9% Arlington People in Middle Class or Better
Low Rate of Poverty
(vs. Peers)
Top 11% Arlington Low Rate of Poverty

Comparative Profile of Arlington, Virginia

Comparing Arlington to similar size places nationwide (Peers) and to other places in Virginia (State):

Ratings range from 1 (lowest) to 10 (highest).

The People

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Well-Paid Single Men 10 10
Well-Paid Single Women 10 10
Male Share of the Population 9 10
Age of the Population 7 2
Racial Diversity 6 10
Senior Citizens 3 2
Female Share of the Population 2 1
Children Under 5 Years Old 1 4


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Portion of People Married 3 1
Average Household Size 1 2


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
College Educated Adults 10 10
Median Family Income 10 10
People in Middle Class or Better 10 9
People Above Poverty 9 8

Commute & Sprawl

Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
Public Transportation Use 10 10
Walking and Biking to Work 9 10
Working at Home 8 8
Short Commute Times 3 3


Characteristic Compared
to Peers
to State
People Living Alone 10 10
Seasonal and Vacation Housing 10 9
Studio & One-Bedroom Rentals 10 10
Housing Recently Built 3 3
Affordability of Property Taxes 2 1
Affordability of Rents 1 1

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Arlington Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Large City 3 miles W of Washington, District of Columbia
County Arlington
Standard Zip Codes 22201, 22202, 22203, 22204, 22205, 22206, 22207, 22209, 22211, 22213, 22214
P.O. Box Zip Codes 22210, 22215, 22216, 22219
Company Zip Codes 22212, 22217, 22218, 22222, 22223, 22225, 22226, 22227, 22229, 22230, 22234, 22240, 22241, 22242, 22243, 22244, 22245, 22246
Phone Area Codes 703
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.89
Longitude -77.084

Arlington Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)
Distance 3.2 miles
Jan Temp 27 to 43 F
Apr Temp 46 to 66 F
Jul Temp 70 to 88 F
Oct Temp 50 to 68 F
Annual Precip 39.3 inches
Distance 5.5 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 43 F
Apr Temp 42 to 66 F
Jul Temp 67 to 89 F
Oct Temp 44 to 69 F
Annual Precip 43.7 inches
Distance 14.9 miles
Jan Temp 24 to 40 F
Apr Temp 42 to 64 F
Jul Temp 65 to 85 F
Oct Temp 44 to 66 F
Annual Precip 43 inches
Detailed pages on related topics: Colleges in Arlington, Graduate Schools in Arlington
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Arlington Population (2000)

Category Count Percent
Total Population 189,453 100%
Male 95,443 50.4%
Female 94,010 49.6%
Under 18 31,239 16.5%
18+ 158,214 83.5%
65+ 17,762 9.4%
Median Age 34
Average Family Size 2.96
White 130,601 68.9%
African-American 17,705 9.3%
Asian 16,327 8.6%
American Indian & Alaskan 662 0.3%
Other 15,786 8.3%
Mixed Race 8,229 4.3%
Hispanic (included in categories above) 35,268 18.6%

Estimated Arlington Population Growth 2000-2005

Category Value
Est. 2005 Population 195,965
Growth 6,512
Growth % 3.4%

Arlington Ancestry

(From 2000 Census, as reported by individuals)

Note: This is national, not racial, ancestry, so, e.g., the Census doesn't have categories for Hispanic and African-American people. CityTownInfo is currently gathering additional ancestry data for this site.
Ancestry Percent
Other (often includes Hispanic and African American) 36.5%
Irish 10%
English 8.8%
German 8.7%
Italian 4.5%
US/American 3.8%
Scottish 2%
Polish 2%
Scotch-Irish 2%
European 1.8%
Russian 1.7%
Ethiopian 1.3%
French (except Basque) 1.3%
Swedish 1%
Norwegian 1%
British 1%
African 0.7%
Greek 0.7%
Dutch 0.6%
French Canadian 0.6%
Welsh 0.6%
Hungarian 0.5%
Danish 0.4%
Swiss 0.4%
Lebanese 0.4%
Eastern European 0.4%
Iranian 0.4%
Lithuanian 0.4%
Ukrainian 0.4%
Moroccan 0.4%
Northern European 0.3%
Other Arab 0.3%
Arab/Arabic 0.3%
Portuguese 0.3%
Austrian 0.3%
Czech 0.3%
Slovak 0.2%
Canadian 0.2%
Croatian 0.2%
Romanian 0.2%
Egyptian 0.2%
Turkish 0.2%
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Neighborhood and Nearby Area Names

According to the US Postal Service, Arlington, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as:

Crystal City (22202)
Fort Myer (22211)
Rosslyn (22209)
South (22204)

Note that not all alternate names are acceptable for use in US Post Office addresses.

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Pop. Median Family
Income (2000)
Arlington 189,453 $78,877
Alexandria 128,283 $67,023
Annandale 54,994 $80,459
Burke 57,737 $99,487
Falls Church 10,377 $97,225
McLean 38,929 $137,610
Vienna 14,453 $93,043

Arlington Public Libraries

Arlington Dept. Of Libraries
Arlington, Virginia
(703) 228-3348

library logo

More Information for Librarians

Arlington Hospitals

(703) 671-1200
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
(703) 558-5000
Emergency Service: Yes

(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
4715 N 15 ST
(703) 525-7070
Emergency Service: No

Starbucks in Arlington

As of 2005, there were 17 Starbucks stores in Arlington.

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Arlington High Schools (2004)

(Sorted by Number of Students)

Serves 1,911 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.7

5201 28TH ST N
Serves 1,817 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.1

Serves 1,795 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 15.4

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City, State Similarity   1 Person Houses 65+ College Grads Commute Minutes Family Income Kids 0-4 Non White Pop. Poverty Prop. Crime Seasonal Housing Viol. Crime
      loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose loose
1. Seattle, Washington 92   40.8% 12% 47.2% 26 $62,195 4.7% 29.9% 563,374 11.8% 76 0.7% 6.7
2. San Francisco, California 89.7   38.6% 13.7% 45% 32 $63,545 4.1% 50.3% 776,733 11.3% 46.2 1.1% 7.4
3. Capitola, California 87.5   36.7% 14.2% 34.6% 30 $59,473 4.9% 16.2% 10,033 7% 98.4 8% 7
4. Jacksonville Beach, Florida 81.9   34.6% 13% 29.9% 25 $58,388 5% 9.1% 20,990 7.2% 65.7 3.4% 7.6
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Historic Arlington


Temple of Fame and the mansion Arlington House (Arlington) c1903.

Select a photo to view (Source):

Temple of Fame and the mansion Arlington House (Arlington) c1903.

The Custis-Lee Mansion i.e. Arlington House (the Robert E. Lee Memorial, Arlington) 1900 (est.)

Custis-Lee Mansion Arlington House (Arlington) between 1910 and 1920

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