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Overview

Introduction to Charlottesville, Virginia

The central Virginia city of Charlottesville is nestled at the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, approximately 70 miles northwest of Richmond and 100 miles southwest of Washington, D.C. Established as a town in 1762 and incorporated as an independent city in 1888, Charlottesville is autonomous and not subservient to any county or other political subdivision. Major highways through Charlottesville are U.S. Route 250, U.S. Route 29, and Interstate 64.

Charlottesville is home to the University of Virginia, which was founded in 1819 by native son Thomas Jefferson. Consistently listed among the top ten public universities nationwide, the university is a strong factor in the city's community life and serves as the area's focal point for cultural and sporting events. Steeped in historic value, the Charlottesville area lays claim to having raised three ex-Presidents (Jefferson, Woodrow Wilson, and James Madison), whose former homes are now historic sites and architectural wonders which attract thousands of visitors every year.

Owing largely to the presence of the university, the technology industry is a continuously growing staple of the local economy. More traditional industries like agriculture are also prominent in the region, which embodies nearly 200,000 acres of orchards, vineyards, and cattle farms. The region's fastest growing industry is the grape business. Local wines and vineyards are nationally recognized and the area is highly ranked among the country's wine producers. Another significant local industry is horse farming, as evidenced by the more than 13,000 horses stabled in the city and surrounding county.

Things to do and see in Charlottesville

Nearly two million travelers per year visit the Charlottesville area to see the area’s historic sites and take in the spectacular scenery of Central Virginia. Perched on a nearby mountain overlooking the city is Monticello, the former home of Thomas Jefferson, which offers tours and hosts special events and ceremonies. Only a mile down the road from Monticello is Ash Lawn-Highland, former home of James Monroe. Here visitors can explore beautiful gardens and enjoy the Ash Lawn Opera Festival, which offers six to eight weeks of full-length opera and musical theatre productions. About 45 minutes north of Charlottesville is Montpelier, the former home of James and Dolly Madison. This is a 2,750-acre estate that includes racecourses, a National Landmark Forest, active archaeological sites, and more than 130 buildings.

Charlottesville and surrounding Albemarle County are a paradise for nature lovers. Skyline Drive and The Blue Ridge Parkway offer breathtaking views of valleys and mountains to tourists who don't even need to leave their cars. Hikers can enjoy the many short and long trails which wind through the woods off these roads. Charlottesville is also home to a large number of parks with playgrounds, picnic areas, public tennis courts, and swimming pools. Other popular area activities are hot air balloon rides, golf at world-class resorts, and tours of one of the many local vineyards in the area, a few of which are listed here:

  • Cardinal Point Vineyard and Winery
  • DelFosse Vineyards and Winery
  • Jefferson Vineyards
  • Kluge Estate Winery & Vineyard

Charlottesville has an active art, music and theater scene. The Downtown Mall, one of the longest outdoor pedestrian malls in the country, is the location of the Virginia Discovery Museum. A 3,500 seat Charlottesville Pavilion Amphitheater attracts big name acts to the area. The newly renovated Paramount Theater hosts Broadway shows and concerts by nationally-known entertainers. The city also hosts an annual Virginia Festival of the Book, and is home to many prominent writers including John Grisham and Rita Mae Brown, as well as former home to Edgar Alan Poe and William Faulkner.

Charlottesville has no professional sports teams, but local sports fans are captivated by the University of Virginia Cavaliers, who have a wide fan base across the region. Cavalier football games are played in Scott Stadium, which is also used as a venue for large concerts. The John Paul Jones Arena, which opened in 2006, is where the University of Virginia basketball teams play their games. This stadium is one of the largest in the Atlantic Coast Conference. Not surprisingly, The University of Virginia has an active athletic rivalry with Virginia Tech. An even older rivalry (often referred to as "The South's Oldest Rivalry") exists between the Cavaliers and the University of North Carolina (UNC) Tar Heels.

Horseracing fans can enjoy the exciting world of steeplechase racing, held every fall and spring at The Foxfield Races.

People

Total Population 45,084
Male Share of the Population 48.3%
Female Share of the Population 51.7%
Senior Citizens 9.2%
Employed Population 16+ 23,302
Age of the Population 30

Families

% of people married 30.1%
Average household size 2

Education and Earnings

Population % with Bachelor Degree or Higher 49.8%
Median Earnings25+ $36,774
Median Earnings Without High School Qualification $24,125
Median Earnings With High School Degree $27,333

Wealth

Median Family Income $70,079
% Above Poverty Level 74.2%
% Below Poverty Level 25.8%

Commute & Sprawl

Average Commute Time 18 minutes
% Working from Home 6.1%
% Walking and Biking to Work 15.8%
% Using Public Transportation 8.6%

Housing

People Living Alone 36.8%
Median Gross Rent $998
Median House Value $285,300

Ancestry

Other(often includes Hispanic and African American) 34.9%
US/American 0.1%
English 12%
Irish 9.5%

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Charlottesville Almanac

Category Value
Nearest Medium City 58 miles NE of Lynchburg, Virginia (center to center)
Nearest Large City 99 miles SW of Washington, District of Columbia
County
Metro Area Charlottesville
Standard Zip Codes 22901, 22902, 22903, 22904, 22911
P.O. Box Zip Codes 22905, 22906
Company Zip Codes 22907, 22908, 22909, 22910
Phone Area Codes 434
Time Zone Eastern (-5 hours from GMT)
Daylight Savings The city observes Daylight Saving Time.
Latitude 38.02
Longitude -78.49

Charlottesville Climate

Nearest Weather Stations

Notes:

  • Temp ranges are avg daily min and max for the month
  • Precipitation is rainfall (and rainfall equiv of snowfall)

Station CHARLOTTESVILLE 2 W
Distance 1.7 miles
Jan Temp 26 to 45 F
Apr Temp 45 to 69 F
Jul Temp 66 to 88 F
Oct Temp 47 to 70 F
Annual Precip 48.8 inches
Station BREMO BLUFF
Distance 23.8 miles
Jan Temp 22 to 44 F
Apr Temp 40 to 70 F
Jul Temp 65 to 88 F
Oct Temp 42 to 70 F
Annual Precip 42.6 inches
Station STAUNTON SEWAGE PLANT
Distance 34.2 miles
Jan Temp 21 to 41 F
Apr Temp 38 to 63 F
Jul Temp 61 to 83 F
Oct Temp 39 to 65 F
Annual Precip 38.8 inches

Nearby Cities and Towns

Location Population Median Family Income
Gordonsville 1,564 $56,058
Grottoes 2,714 $60,925
Scottsville 546 $69,643
Stanardsville 363 $29,167
Waynesboro 21,150 $55,540

Source: American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau, 2015, www.census.gov/programs-surveys/acs/.

Charlottesville Public Libraries

Library
Jefferson-madison Regional Library
201 EAST MARKET STREET
Charlottesville, Virginia
(434) 979-7151

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Charlottesville Hospitals

MARTHA JEFFERSON HOSPITAL
(Voluntary non-profit - Private)
459 LOCUST AVE
(804) 982-7000
Emergency Service: Yes

UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA HOSPITAL
(Government - State)
JEFFERSON PARK AVE
(800) 251-3627
Emergency Service: Yes

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Charlottesville High Schools

(Sorted by Number of Students)

ALBEMARLE HIGH
2775 HYDRAULIC RD
434-975-9300
Serves 1,642 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13.1

CHARLOTTESVILLE HIGH
1400 MELBOURNE ROAD
434-245-2410
Serves 1,296 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 14.1

MONTICELLO HIGH
1400 INDEPENDENCE WAY
434-244-3100
Serves 1,122 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 13

MURRAY HIGH
1200 FOREST ST
434-296-3090
A Charter School.
Serves 89 students.
Student/teacher ratio: 9.4

BLUE RIDGE JUVENILE DETENTION HOME
195 PEREGORY LN.
434-951-9340
A Non-traditional School

CHARLOTTESVILLE-ALBEMARLE TECH
1000 EAST RIO RD
434-973-4461
A Vocational School

RENEWING EDUC THROUGH REG NETWORK II/RETURN II
C/O ALBEMARLE CO PUBLIC SCHLS
804-296-5888
A Non-traditional School

CHARLOTTESVILLE HOSP. EP.
KLUGE CHILDREN'S REHAB CENTER
804-924-2658
A Special Education School

Charlottesville Colleges

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Historic Charlottesville

photo

Monticello (the home of Thomas Jefferson, Charlottesville c1905.

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Monticello (the home of Thomas Jefferson, Charlottesville c1905.

Inauguration Day (University of Virginia) c1905.

Rouss physical laboratory (University of Virginia) c1905

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